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Safer Streets, Safer Cities: Policy Choices for America

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter explores key policy choices and challenges that U.S. cities face in the use of major forms of public-surveillance approaches such as closed-circuit television (CCTV) surveillance cameras ... More


Public Health Surveillance

Stephen B. Thacker and Donna F. Stroup

in Applied Epidemiology: Theory to practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187410
eISBN:
9780199864997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter begins by reviewing the definition of public health surveillance and giving a brief history of recent developments in surveillance. It then considers how three categories of surveillance ... More


Security Guards, Place Managers, and Defensible Space

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter reviews the scientific evidence on the crime-prevention effectiveness of three major forms of public area surveillance: security guards, place managers, and defensible space. There is ... More


Frontline Public Health: Surveillance and Field Epidemiology

Verla S. Neslund, Richard A. Goodman, and James L. Hadler

in Law in Public Health Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the legal issues relating to public health surveillance and field epidemiology. It discusses the general legal authorities for surveillance and public health ... More


Surveillance for birth defects and genetic diseases

Lorenzo D. Botto and Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes some surveillance issues that will likely be increasingly relevant as birth-defects surveillance moves into the future, and that provide instructive similarities and contrast ... More


How Might Surveillance Measures Reduce Crime?

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter investigates how surveillance measures can reduce crime. It explains that public-area surveillance falls under the category of situational-crime prevention, which stands apart from these ... More


Legal Considerations in Surveillance and Field Epidemiology

Verla S. Neslund, Richard A. Goodman, James L. Hadler, and James G. Hodge, Jr.

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the legal issues relating to public health surveillance and field epidemiology. It discusses the general legal authorities for surveillance and public health ... More


Under Surveillance

Benjamin J. Goold

in CCTV and Policing: Public Area Surveillance and Police Practices in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199265145
eISBN:
9780191699023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265145.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Since the late 1980s, more than one million closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras have been installed in towns and cities across Britain, with an estimated 500 or more being added to this figure ... More


CCTV and Policing: Public Area Surveillance and Police Practices in Britain

Benjamin J. Goold

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199265145
eISBN:
9780191699023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265145.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book is the first major published work to present a comprehensive assessment of the impact of CCTV on the police in Britain. Drawing extensively upon empirical research, the volume examines how ... More


Epidemiologic Theory Counts: Harm, Knowledge, Action, and the People’s Health

Nancy Krieger

in Epidemiology and the People’s Health: Theory and Context

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195383874
eISBN:
9780199893607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383874.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 8 analyzes how people's health has been harmed—or helped—depending on epidemiologic theory employed. For “harm,” case examples are: (1) hormone therapy, cardiovascular disease, and breast ... More


Outbreak Detection: Application to Infectious Disease Surveillance

Paddy Farrington and Nick Andrews

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the methodological issues involved in outbreak detection and gives examples from a range of statistical techniques. It focuses on infectious disease detection because most ... More


Going by the Codes

Benjamin J. Goold

in CCTV and Policing: Public Area Surveillance and Police Practices in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199265145
eISBN:
9780191699023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265145.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the regulation of public area surveillance in Britain and the impact of this regulatory framework on the development and use of CCTV throughout the Southern Region. Although ... More


Quantifying the Issue

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the principles of epidemiology that relate to public health practice. It focuses primarily on methods used to measure and characterize disease frequency in ... More


Implementing the Right to Public Anonymity

in Privacy at Risk: The New Government Surveillance and the Fourth Amendment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226762838
eISBN:
9780226762944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226762944.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the issues related to the implementation of the right to public anonymity. It discusses the four factors that should be considered in constitutional regulation of government ... More


The Effect of CCTV on Policing

Benjamin J. Goold

in CCTV and Policing: Public Area Surveillance and Police Practices in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199265145
eISBN:
9780191699023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265145.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

One of the most important questions raised by the advent of CCTV is whether the spread of public area surveillance in Britain has brought about any significant changes in the way in which towns and ... More


Ecologic Inference Problems in the Analysis of Surveillance Data

Sander Greenland

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Surveillance data (e.g., vital statistics and registry data) are often collected at great expense and therefore should be exploited fully. They are useful in preliminary searches for disease risk ... More


Detecting Disease Clustering in Time or Space

Lance A. Waller

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the detection of clusters of incidence or prevalence of some health event in time or space. Each statistical test of clustering is based on some mathematical model that ... More


Public Health Surveillance and the Opioid Crisis

Jeffrey P. Engel, Valerie N. Goodson, Megan Toe, and Michael Landen

in A Public Health Guide to Ending the Opioid Epidemic

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190056810
eISBN:
9780190056841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190056810.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The roles for public health surveillance are well established in the infectious disease surveillance literature; however, as they relate to noninfectious diseases and more specifically the current ... More


Bayesian Hierarchical Modeling of Public Health Surveillance Data: A Case Study of Air Pollution and Mortality

Scott L. Zeger, Francesca Dominici, Aidan Mcdermott, and Jonathan M. Samet

in Monitoring the Health of Populations: Statistical Principles and Methods for Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195146493
eISBN:
9780199864928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146493.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the use of log-linear regression and hierarchical models to estimate the association of daily mortality with acute exposure to particulate air pollution. It focuses on ... More


Food Safety

Craig W. Hedberg

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes food safety, in the context of both specific food products and entire food systems. The chapter describes various elements of food safety, how unsafe food causes adverse health ... More


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