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Developing Innovative Competences in Different Institutional Frameworks

Richard Whitley

in Business Systems and Organizational Capabilities: The Institutional Structuring of Competitive Competences

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199205172
eISBN:
9780191709555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205172.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter extends and integrates the analysis of innovation systems presented in Chapter 3 and the account of how different firms develop different kinds of organizational capabilities outlined in ... More


Reconfiguring the Public Sciences: The Impact of Governance Changes on Authority and Innovation in Public Science System s

Richard Whitley

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter suggests how the major changes that have taken place in the organization and direction of the public science system (PSS) since the end of the Second World War have altered authority ... More


Research Funding, Authority Relations, and Scientific Production in Switzerland

Martin Benninghoff and Dietmar Braun

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter examines the changes that have taken place in the political organization of research and its possible consequences for research behaviour and research performance by analysing a specific ... More


Public Science Systems, Higher Education, and the Trajectory of Academic Disciplines: Business Studies in the United States and Europe

Lars Engwall, Matthias Kipping, and Behlül Üsdiken

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter shows that the developmental trajectory of scientific disciplines is highly dependent on the nationally based higher education and science systems in which they are embedded, despite ... More


Changing Authority Relations within French Academic Research Units since the 1960s: From Patronage to Partnership

Severine Louvel

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

Much recent research has focused on how intensified competition for resources and increasing demands for relevance and accountability have affected patterns of authority relations between academics ... More


Innovation policy for Japan in a new era

Tateo Arimoto

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Among the most prominent policy attempts to reshape Japan's innovation system has been moves to create an environment conducive to basic research and breakthrough innovations. This chapter reminds us ... More


Whose Weather Is It Anyway? From the Production to the Consumption of Decisions

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Delving into the challenges that confront experts working in the public domain, this chapter examines the considerations that go into distilling complex, uncertain information into a relatable but ... More


Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Once defined primarily by their collections, by the end of the twentieth century, American natural history and science museums had become institutions defined largely by their displays. This book ... More


The Organizational Forms of Counterpublic Knowledge

David J. Hess

in Undone Science: Social Movements, Mobilized Publics, and Industrial Transitions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035132
eISBN:
9780262336444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035132.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The chapter reviews literature in social movement studies on resource mobilization, mobilizing structures, and organizations, then it examines a parallel literature in science and technology studies ... More


The Fate of Scientific Naturalism: From Public Sphere to Professional Exclusivity

Theodore M. Porter

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In his influential reinterpretation of Victorian scientific naturalism, Frank Turner construed it as a tool for advancing the professionalized structure of modern science. We would do better to see ... More


A Public Science

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter focuses on the organizational features of meteorology, particularly the position of operational meteorology as government-sponsored activity. The organization of operational meteorology ... More


From Diversity to Standardization:: Edutainment and Engagement in Museums at the End of the Century, 1976–2005

Karen A. Rader and Victoria E. M. Cain

in Life on Display: Revolutionizing U.S. Museums of Science and Natural History in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226079660
eISBN:
9780226079837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226079837.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the 1980s and 1990s, Reagan-era budget cuts and the ongoing professionalization of museum education combined to encourage natural museums, science museums and science centers to share shows, ... More


Introduction

Shiju Sam Varughese

in Contested Knowledge: Science, Media, and Democracy in Kerala

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199469123
eISBN:
9780199087433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469123.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

The chapter draws attention to the phenomenon of a steadily increasing intensity of science news in mass media, and discusses its impact on both science and media. The central role of media in ... More


Contested Knowledge: Science, Media, and Democracy in Kerala

Shiju Sam Varughese

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199469123
eISBN:
9780199087433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199469123.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Contested Knowledge argues that the structural coupling between science and media in the context of risk politics has led to the creation of a ‘scientific public sphere’ in the state of Kerala, ... More


Writing on the Winds

Gary Alan Fine

in Authors of the Storm: Meteorologists and the Culture of Prediction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226249520
eISBN:
9780226249544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226249544.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter explores public science as communication. Specifically, it addresses four aspects of the occupational tasks of meteorologists: how they coordinate their forecasts with others inside ... More


Governance through education: Herman Bondi, Karl Popper and the making of scientific citizens

Neil Calver

in Scientific Governance in Britain, 1914-79

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719090981
eISBN:
9781526115133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719090981.003.0016
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Popperian Knight, Sir Hermann Bondi, sought to incorporate his mentor's ideals of creativity, imagination purity and scepticism into British teaching - whether in the sciences or the humanities. ... More


The Halle Orphanage as Scientific Community: Observation, Eclecticism, and Pietism in the Early Enlightenment

Kelly Joan Whitmer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226243771
eISBN:
9780226243801
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226243801.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Observing at the Orphanage uncovers the crucial contributions of Halle’s Orphanage to the broader scientific enterprise of the early eighteenth century. Founded by a group of German Lutherans known ... More


The Ghost of Christian Creationism: Racial Dispositions and Progressive Era Public Health Research

Terence Keel

in Divine Variations: How Christian Thought Became Racial Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780804795401
eISBN:
9781503604377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795401.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 3 explores how polygenist carryovers emerged in early twentieth-century medical and public health studies on the links between race and disease. This persistence further embedded ideas about ... More


Muslim Perceptions of Biological Evolution: A Critical Review of Quantitative and Qualitative Research

Jessica Carlisle, Salman Hameed, and Fern Elsdon-Baker

in Science, Belief and Society: International Perspectives on Religion, Non-Religion and the Public Understanding of Science

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781529206944
eISBN:
9781529206951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529206944.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

The topic of Muslims’ attitudes towards the theory of biological evolution has received increasing attention at the margins of the fields of public understanding of society, science communication or ... More


Epilogue: New Mythologies of the Ancient Earth

in The Earth on Show: Fossils and the Poetics of Popular Science, 1802-1856

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226616681
eISBN:
9780226616704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616704.003.0012
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the author, beginning with a review of late Victorian narratives of earth history. It then discusses how the historical significance of early ... More


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