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The Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs in the United States and Public Health Law and Policy

Patricia Thompson-Reid and Kristina L. Ernst

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs (DPCPs) in the United States. A major focus of the DPCPs is the development of strategic partners for achieving program goals. The ... More


Theory-driven evaluation of public health programmes

Ray Pawson and Sanjeev Sridharan

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an introduction to the use of theory-driven approaches in the evaluation of public health programmes. It commences with some core ideas and principles, and then sets out the ... More


Public health interventions

John Walley

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: levels of disease prevention, public health programmes, intervention strategies, delivery strategies, public health and essential clinical interventions, ... More


Understanding and Applying Analytic Tools

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes several useful tools for evidence-based public health practice. The chapter has five main parts. First, it describes some context and processes for developing systematic ... More


Equity and efficiency in public health: the contribution of health economics

Stephen Morris, David Parkin, and Nancy Devlin

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health economics has been defined as ‘the application of economic theory, models and empirical techniques to the analysis of decision making by individuals, health care providers and governments with ... More


The case for social marketing

Jeff French

in Social Marketing and Public Health: Theory and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550692
eISBN:
9780191720413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550692.003.01
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores why social marketing is increasingly being applied by governments and public sector institutions when developing interventions to bring about social good. It argues that ... More


Assessing Scientific Evidence for Public Health Action

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In most areas of public health and clinical practice, decisions on when to intervene and which program or policy to implement are not simple and straightforward. These decisions are often based on ... More


National Diabetes Education Program and the Role of Partnership in the Prevention and Management of Diabetes

Jane Kelly, Joanne M. Gallivan, and Charles M. Clark

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP). The NDEP was initiated in 1997 to translate the science of diabetes control and prevention into messages that would improve ... More


The Welfare System: Interaction Between Officials and Clients

Ida Susser

in Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

Welfare assistance reflects a crucial aspect of low-income life: interaction with government institutions. Attitudes and roles fostered by the public assistance program indicate the constraining ... More


Partnerships in social marketing

Jeff French

in Social Marketing and Public Health: Theory and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550692
eISBN:
9780191720413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550692.003.20
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter sets out the rationale and processes for developing effective partnerships, an important component of many social marketing initiatives but one with which care needs to be taken. It sets ... More


Definitions and Frameworks: Hilkka Summa

Hilkka Summa

in Performance or Compliance?: Performance Audit and Public Management in Five Countries

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296003
eISBN:
9780191685170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296003.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

This chapter discusses various definitions of the concept of performance auditing. It suggests that performance audit can be understood by clarifying its distinction with other related activities, ... More


The Rise and Fall of “Collective Thrift”: Social Insurance, Economic Planning, and the Decline of Modern American Liberalism

Steve Fraser

in Thrift and Thriving in America: Capitalism and Moral Order from the Puritans to the Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199769063
eISBN:
9780199896851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199769063.003.0018
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter shows why collective thrift may not be as readily forthcoming a remedy for addressing the collective action problems that stymie individual thrift. Detailing the rise of mid-20th-century ... More


Child health and well-being in the early years: the National Evaluation of Sure Start

Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, and Jacqueline Barnes

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Labour election victory of May 1997 provided an opportunity to change policy. The intention was to place the improvement of people's lives at the centre of government strategy. The Government ... More


The food and beverage industry’s efforts regarding obesity prevention

Zoe Feldman, Dondeena G. Bradley, and Danielle Greenberg

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is well known that obesity affects populations in both developed and developing countries, with significant consequences for public health. What is less understood is the role of the food and ... More


Value for money in social marketing

Graham Lister

in Social Marketing and Public Health: Theory and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199550692
eISBN:
9780191720413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550692.003.18
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Prevention may be better than cure, but how do we prove that spending money on social marketing to support health and well-being is good value for money? This is the challenge that social marketing ... More


Promoting the emotional and social well-being of children in primary education: evidence-based guidance

Amanda Killoran, Antony Morgan, and Jagroo James

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the recommendations made by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) to raise standards in the programmes and activities used to promote the social and ... More


Surveillance for birth defects and genetic diseases

Lorenzo D. Botto and Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes some surveillance issues that will likely be increasingly relevant as birth-defects surveillance moves into the future, and that provide instructive similarities and contrast ... More


Managing Public Relations

Burnis R. Morris

in Carter G. Woodson: History, the Black Press, and Public Relations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496814074
eISBN:
9781496814111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496814074.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The practice of modern public relations during the early 20th century is reviewed alongside Woodson’s publicity activities. Details of Woodson’s public-education program and PR style are revealed ... More


The Gatehouse Project: a multi-level integrated approach to promoting well-being in schools

Lyndal Bond and Helen Butler

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Gatehouse Project in Australia made a key contribution to the repositioning of emotional and behavioural wellbeing from a welfare and health education concern, to a whole school concern ... More


Evaluating the Program or Policy

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Evaluation is an essential part of evidence-based programs and policies. It can 1) allow for midcourse corrections and changes, 2) help determine if the program or policy has been effective, and 3) ... More


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