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The Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs in the United States and Public Health Law and Policy

Patricia Thompson-Reid and Kristina L. Ernst

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses Diabetes Prevention and Control Programs (DPCPs) in the United States. A major focus of the DPCPs is the development of strategic partners for achieving program goals. The ... More


Equity and efficiency in public health: the contribution of health economics

Stephen Morris, David Parkin, and Nancy Devlin

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Health economics has been defined as ‘the application of economic theory, models and empirical techniques to the analysis of decision making by individuals, health care providers and governments with ... More


Understanding and Applying Analytic Tools

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes several useful tools for evidence-based public health practice. The chapter has five main parts. First, it describes some context and processes for developing systematic ... More


Assessing Scientific Evidence for Public Health Action

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

In most areas of public health and clinical practice, decisions on when to intervene and which program or policy to implement are not simple and straightforward. These decisions are often based on ... More


Theory-driven evaluation of public health programmes

Ray Pawson and Sanjeev Sridharan

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an introduction to the use of theory-driven approaches in the evaluation of public health programmes. It commences with some core ideas and principles, and then sets out the ... More


Public health interventions

John Walley

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: levels of disease prevention, public health programmes, intervention strategies, delivery strategies, public health and essential clinical interventions, ... More


National Diabetes Education Program and the Role of Partnership in the Prevention and Management of Diabetes

Jane Kelly, Joanne M. Gallivan, and Charles M. Clark

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the National Diabetes Education Program (NDEP). The NDEP was initiated in 1997 to translate the science of diabetes control and prevention into messages that would improve ... More


Promoting the emotional and social well-being of children in primary education: evidence-based guidance

Amanda Killoran, Antony Morgan, and Jagroo James

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes the recommendations made by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) to raise standards in the programmes and activities used to promote the social and ... More


Developing an Action Plan and Implementing Interventions

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sound planning techniques can ensure that public health programs are implemented effectively. This chapter focuses on action planning, i.e., planning for a defined program or policy with specific, ... More


The Gatehouse Project: a multi-level integrated approach to promoting well-being in schools

Lyndal Bond and Helen Butler

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Gatehouse Project in Australia made a key contribution to the repositioning of emotional and behavioural wellbeing from a welfare and health education concern, to a whole school concern ... More


Evaluating the Program or Policy

ROSS C. BROWNSON, ELIZABETH A. BAKER, TERRY L. LEET, and KATHLEEN N. GILLESPIE

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195143768
eISBN:
9780199865581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143768.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Evaluation is an essential part of evidence-based programs and policies. It can 1) allow for midcourse corrections and changes, 2) help determine if the program or policy has been effective, and 3) ... More


Surveillance for birth defects and genetic diseases

Lorenzo D. Botto and Pierpaolo Mastroiacovo

in Genetics and Public Health in the 21st Century: Using Genetic Information to Improve Health and Prevent Disease

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195128307
eISBN:
9780199864485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195128307.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes some surveillance issues that will likely be increasingly relevant as birth-defects surveillance moves into the future, and that provide instructive similarities and contrast ... More


Supporting implementation of public health guidance: NICE experience

Val Moore, Nick Baillie, Annie Coppel, and Julie Royce

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) strategy for supporting implementation of published guidance and builds on the guidance development process. ... More


The food and beverage industry’s efforts regarding obesity prevention

Zoe Feldman, Dondeena G. Bradley, and Danielle Greenberg

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

It is well known that obesity affects populations in both developed and developing countries, with significant consequences for public health. What is less understood is the role of the food and ... More


Child health and well-being in the early years: the National Evaluation of Sure Start

Edward Melhuish, Jay Belsky, and Jacqueline Barnes

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Labour election victory of May 1997 provided an opportunity to change policy. The intention was to place the improvement of people's lives at the centre of government strategy. The Government ... More


Politics, ethics and evidence: immunisation and public health policy

Alison Hann and Stephen Peckham

in Public health ethics and practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421029
eISBN:
9781447303114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421029.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the relationship between ethics and practice in relation to immunisation and public health policy. It explores what kinds of ethical approaches public health practitioners can ... More


The Public Health System

Scott Burris, Micah L. Berman, Matthew Penn, and, and Tara Ramanathan Holiday

in The New Public Health Law: A Transdisciplinary Approach to Practice and Advocacy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190681050
eISBN:
9780190681081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190681050.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter explores the public health system as a whole, including the organizations, activities, and people who promote public health in the United States. It describes the agencies at the ... More


Diabetes and Chronic Kidney Disease

Meda E. Pavkov, Nilka R. Burrows, William C. Knowler, Robert L. Hanson, and Robert G. Nelson

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the frequency, course, and risk factors for diabetic kidney disease (CKD). It reviews current management strategies and discusses the impact of management on the progression of ... More


. Public Health and Private Consciences

George Anastaplo

in Reflections on Life, Death, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125336
eISBN:
9780813135243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125336.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter deals with public health measures and other programs designed to enhance life, as well as to protect it. It observes that extensive public health programs are taken for granted among us. ... More


Writing Women Medical Practitioners into the History of Modern Egypt

Nancy Gallagher

in Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919-1952

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774249006
eISBN:
9781617971006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774249006.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter makes an important contribution to Egyptian social history before and during the parliamentary era by exposing the important role of female health workers (hakimat) in modern Egypt. ... More


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