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Economic evaluation of public health interventions

Susan Griffin, Nigel Rice, and Mark Sculpher

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.08
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Economic evaluation is increasingly used to provide a formal, explicit and transparent framework for informing decisions about allocating public funds in the health care sector. By utilizing economic ... More


Developing an Action Plan and Implementing Interventions

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Once a particular intervention—a program or policy—has been identified, sound planning techniques can ensure that the program is implemented effectively. This chapter focuses on action planning—that ... More


Ethics and public health: the ethics of intervention choices

Lord Krebs and Harald Schmidt

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes some of the conclusions and recommendations that were published in the report Public health: ethical issues in November 2007. The context to the public health debate is set ... More


Introduction

Robert A. Hahn and Marcia C. Inhorn

in Anthropology and Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195374643
eISBN:
9780199865390
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374643.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter describes the book's four sections: 1) Anthropological understandings of public health problems, 2) Anthropological design of public health interventions, 3) Anthropological ... More


Developing and evaluating complex interventions: an introduction to the new Medical Research Council guidance

Peter Craig, Paul Dieppe, Sally Macintyre, Susan Michie, Irwin Nazareth, and Mark Petticrew

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Complex interventions are widely used in the health service, in public health practice, and in areas of social policy that have important consequences for population health, such as education, ... More


Population approaches to increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behaviour among children and adults

Jo Salmon and Abby C. King

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a selected overview of the latest evidence for population approaches for increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behaviour in different population segments (e.g., ... More


Social marketing approaches to obesity prevention

Hans C.M. van Trijp

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter introduces social marketing approach and its possible applications in the field of obesity prevention. Because social marketing approaches to obesity are just beginning to emerge, it ... More


Developing and Prioritizing Intervention Options

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

A central challenge for public health is to articulate and act upon a broad definition of public health—one that incorporates a multidisciplinary approach to the underlying causes of premature death ... More


Improving population health through area-based social interventions: generating evidence in a complex world

Steven Cummins

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Targeted interventions to improve population health have long been a feature of public health practice in high-income nations. Area-based interventions focused on improving the health of deprived ... More


The cost-effectiveness of obesity prevention

Rob Carter and Marj Moodie

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the economics of obesity prevention, particularly the available evidence on the cost-effectiveness of interventions and how the economic credentials for obesity prevention might ... More


Informed consent and public health

Onora O'Neill

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Medical ethics, as it has developed across the last twenty-five years, has concentrated almost entirely on clinical ethics. It has focussed on the ethically acceptable provision of healthcare to ... More


Population approaches to obesity prevention

Jennifer A. Linde and Robert W. Jeffery

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a conceptualization of the causes of population obesity, discusses the implications of this conceptualization for public health interventions, and reviews empirical work that ... More


Community interventions and initiatives to prevent obesity

Carolyn Summerbell and Frances Hillier

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Communities have been highlighted as key settings for obesity-prevention interventions. Community-based obesity-prevention interventions can target individual behaviour, e.g., through the provision ... More


Smoking cessation interventions

Robert West and Lion Shahab

in Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.003.014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter aims to describe all the main interventions that are believed to promote smoking cessation, show why statements about effectiveness will always require semi-quantitative judgements that ... More


Evaluating the Program or Policy

Ross C. Brownson, Elizabeth A. Baker, Terry L. Leet, Kathleen N. Gillespie, and William R. True

in Evidence-Based Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195397895
eISBN:
9780199827183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195397895.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Evaluation is an essential part of the evidence-based public health process, answering questions about program needs, the process of implementation, and tracking of outcomes. It can (1) help to plan ... More


How and why do interventions that increase health overall widen inequalities within populations?

Martin White, Jean Adams, and Peter Heywood

in Social inequality and public health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423207
eISBN:
9781447303398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423207.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The second major pathway through which social inequality affects public health is through the cumulative effects of advantage and disadvantage on broad population groups. This chapter presents a ... More


The demography of chronic pain: an overview

Fiona M. Blyth

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the demographic aspects of chronic pain. Topics covered include age distribution, gender distribution, socioeconomic status distribution, and implications for prevention and ... More


The Quality of Diabetes Care and the Prevention and Control of Diabetes in Developing Countries: An Illustration from India

Viswanathan Mohan and Rajendra Pradeepa

in Diabetes Public Health: From Data to Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195317060
eISBN:
9780199871544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317060.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Developing countries have about 80% of the world's diabetic population. In India the prevalence rates for diabetes in urban areas now approach figures reported for the more affluent migrant Indians ... More


Mistaken by Design: Biopolitics in Practice

Saida Hodžić

in The Twilight of Cutting: African Activism and Life after NGOs

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780520291980
eISBN:
9780520965577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291980.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

Turning to practices of persuasion as techniques of governance, Chapter 4, Mistaken by Design: Biopolitics in Practice, examines how RHI addresses rural publics in the Upper East region. Through an ... More


Economic Evaluation of the Benefits and Costs of Disease Elimination and Eradication Initiatives

Kimberly M. Thompson and Radboud J. Duintjer Tebbens

in Disease Eradication in the 21st Century: Implications for Global Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016735
eISBN:
9780262304207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016735.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Economic evaluations of public health interventions play an important role in decisions involving resource allocation. This chapter discusses the methods and challenges associated with the economic ... More


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