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The New Intersection on the Road to Retirement: Public Pensions, Economics, Perceptions, Politics, and Interest Groups

Beth Almeida, Kelly Kenneally, and David Madland

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0016
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

State and local pensions have been a cost-effective way to ensure that those retiring from public service will have adequate retirement income after a lifetime of work. Despite their strengths, ... More


The Outlook for Canada's Public Sector Employee Pensions

Silvana Pozzebon

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter examines the context and features of occupational pension plans in the Canadian public sector and compares these with their private sector counterparts. Relative to the declining ... More


RELIGIOUS EDUCATION IN LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC SOCIETIES: THE QUESTION OF ACCOUNTABILITY AND AUTONOMY

Walter Feinberg

in Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199253661
eISBN:
9780191601972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253668.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The essays in Part III of the book, on liberal constraints and traditionalist education, argue for a more regulatory conception of liberal education and emphasize the need for some controls over ... More


Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


Reforming the German Civil Servant Pension Plan

Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

This chapter analyzes the risks and rewards of moving from an unfunded defined benefit pension system to a funded plan for civil servants in Germany, allowing for alternative portfolio mixes using a ... More


Securing Public Pension Promises through Funding

Olivia S. Mitchell and Kent Smetters

in The Pension Challenge: Risk Transfers and Retirement Income Security

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266913
eISBN:
9780191601323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266913.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines how public pension funds can be shielded from government inference in the investment process, and reviews initiatives developed in Canada, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, and ... More


Three Worlds of Relief

Cybelle Fox

in Three Worlds of Relief: Race, Immigration, and the American Welfare State from the Progressive Era to the New Deal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152233
eISBN:
9781400842582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152233.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter explores the relief systems that had emerged in different parts of the country by the eve of the Great Depression. It also describes and explains the racial patterning of local social ... More


The Optimal Provision of Public Goods

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Government provision of a pure public good is a popular application in public economics because it combines public spending and taxation in a single project. This chapter uses shadow pricing rules ... More


The Marginal Social Cost of Public Funds

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In public economics applications, the MCF is frequently used to compute the cost to private surplus of raising an additional dollar of government revenue. One of the most common examples is provided ... More


Going Public

Edward B. Roberts

in Entrepreneurs in High Technology: Lessons from MIT and Beyond

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067040
eISBN:
9780199854837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067040.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

For most technological firms, going public is a logical step in their continuing growth. The capital made available from public offerings helps fund accelerated product development programs, enables ... More


The Double Dividend and the Marginal Cost of Funds

Agnar Sandmo

in The Public Economics of the Environment

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297987
eISBN:
9780191596858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829798X.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It has often been claimed that there will be a ‘double dividend’ from the introduction of environmental taxes. Not only will it improve the quality of the environment by substituting taxes that ... More


The Marginal Cost of Public Funds: Theory and Applications

Bev Dahlby

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042505
eISBN:
9780262271141
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042505.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

The marginal cost of public funds (MCF) measures the loss incurred by society in raising additional revenues to finance government spending. The MCF has emerged as one of the most important concepts ... More


Problems

Chris Jones

in Applied Welfare Economics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides a set of questions drawn from material presented in previous chapters. Most are designed to emphasize important points, and to illustrate practical examples of applied welfare ... More


The Creation and Evolution of Quasi Markets

EWAN FERLIE, LYNN ASHBURNER, LOUISE FITZGERALD, and ANDREW PETTIGREW

in The New Public Management in Action

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289029
eISBN:
9780191684661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289029.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Organization Studies

In a quasi-market situation, public funding is also allocated through bidding or using earmarked budgets, thus providing individuals with incentives. This chapter introduces quasi-markets as a means ... More


Access to Justice: I

Ross Cranston

in How Law Works

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199292073
eISBN:
9780191700699
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292073.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter is about the compensating mechanisms and how they work to further access to justice. It starts by reviewing how publicly funded ... More


Impacts: Jeremy Lonsdale

Jeremy Lonsdale

in Performance or Compliance?: Performance Audit and Public Management in Five Countries

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296003
eISBN:
9780191685170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296003.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

This chapter evaluates the impact of performance audit work undertaken by the SAIs in Great Britain, Sweden, The Netherlands, Finland, and France. The findings reveal that performance audits have led ... More


Financially Sustainable Universities: Challenges and Strategies in Times of Austerity

Thomas Estermann and Enora Bennetot Pruvot

in University Adaptation in Difficult Economic Times

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199989393
eISBN:
9780190206383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989393.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This paper gives an overview of the study “Financially Sustainable Universities II: European Universities Diversifying Income Sources” led by the European University Association between 2008 and ... More


Why Public Funding?

Michael G. Miller

in Subsidizing Democracy: How Public Funding Changes Elections and How It Can Work in the Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452277
eISBN:
9780801469527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452277.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers the objectives of public financing in America and how it shapes the behavior of candidates and voters. Elections in America today are expensive, and the high price of running ... More


Clean Elections at the Supreme Court

Michael G. Miller

in Subsidizing Democracy: How Public Funding Changes Elections and How It Can Work in the Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452277
eISBN:
9780801469527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452277.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the ramifications of Supreme Court decisions on public funding reform. It analyzes in particular the arguments heard in McComish v. Bennett, a First Amendment challenge to the ... More


Small Changes: Credit, Debt, and Money in the Languedoc

James Livesey

in Provincializing Global History: Money, Ideas, and Things in the Languedoc, 1680-1830

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300237160
eISBN:
9780300249521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300237160.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter explains mass popular involvement in public debt. It provides an index for the complex ways in which the public credit system was beginning to be used by different kinds of people. These ... More


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