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Unifying Pension Schemes in Japan: Toward a Single Scheme for Both Civil Servants and Private Employees

Junichi Sakamoto

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

A topic of long-standing discussion in Japan has been how to equitably merge the retirement plans for civil servants and private employees, which in the past have been managed separately. Recent ... More


The Legacy of Welfare Reform for U.S. Immigrants

Michael Fix and Wendy Zimmermann

in International Migration: Prospects and Policies in a Global Market

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199269006
eISBN:
9780191601309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269009.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The 1996 welfare reform law marked a sharp exclusionary turn in US immigrant policy by imposing new and unprecedented bans on the receipt of public benefits by legal immigrants. Although in the years ... More


Human Rights: Have the Public Benefited?: Thank-Offering to Britain Lecture

Lord Woolf

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 121, 2002 Lectures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263037
eISBN:
9780191734007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263037.003.0012
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture discusses the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR), which was established due to the atrocities committed by the Nazis during the Second World War. It looks at the scale of the ... More


Integrating Payouts: Annuity Design and Public Pension Benefits in Mandatory Defined Contribution Plans

Olivia S. Mitchell and Kent Smetters

in The Pension Challenge: Risk Transfers and Retirement Income Security

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266913
eISBN:
9780191601323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266913.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines alternative annuity designs, and the interactions between annuity preference and publicly provided safety net support. It is shown that with a minimum pension guarantee, the ... More


The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Fred C. Pampel

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Despite having similar economies and political systems, high-income nations show persistent diversity. This work looks at fertility, suicide, and homicide rates in eighteen high-income nations to ... More


Design Features that Determine Gender Outcomes

Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards, and Rebeca Wong

in The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226392004
eISBN:
9780226392028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226392028.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Multipillar social security systems consist of two parts: a privately managed funded defined contribution (DC) plan that handles workers' retirement saving and a publicly managed, tax-financed ... More


Normative Reframing and the RGGI Revolution

Leigh Raymond

in Reclaiming the Atmospheric Commons: The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and a New Model of Emissions Trading

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034746
eISBN:
9780262336161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034746.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter provides a detailed analysis of the multi-year design process leading to the implementation of the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) in 2008. It considers the question: How did ... More


Conclusion

Leigh Raymond

in Reclaiming the Atmospheric Commons: The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and a New Model of Emissions Trading

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034746
eISBN:
9780262336161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034746.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter reviews the theory of normative reframing that is at the heart of the book’s explanation for sudden policy change, and the evidence of normative reframing’s role in the unprecedented ... More


The Odd Couple: Delaware and Public Benefit Corporations

Michael B. Dorff

in The Corporate Contract in Changing Times: Is the Law Keeping Up?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226599403
eISBN:
9780226599540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226599540.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Public Benefit Corporations (“PBCs”) are a revolutionary new form of business organization that overturn the fundamental corporate principle of shareholder wealth maximization. Of the many questions ... More


Home Is Where the Investment Is

Toufoul Abou-Hodeib

in A Taste for Home: The Modern Middle Class in Ottoman Beirut

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780804799799
eISBN:
9781503601475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804799799.003.0003
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter details how late Ottoman reforms introduced notions of hygiene and aesthetics that reshaped the relationship between the home and its urban context. Drawing on nineteenth-century global ... More


Introduction

Caroline M. Hoxby and Kevin Stange

in Productivity in Higher Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226574585
eISBN:
9780226574615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226574615.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

While studies of higher education often focus on costs and benefits of policies and programs, few have examined the ratio of benefits to costs, i.e., productivity. This book advances the frontier of ... More


The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform

Estelle James, Alejandra Edwards, and Rebeca Wong

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226392004
eISBN:
9780226392028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226392028.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

As populations age and revenues diminish, government and private pension funds around the world are facing insolvency. The looming social security crisis is especially dire for women, who live longer ... More


Chile

Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards, and Rebeca Wong

in The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226392004
eISBN:
9780226392028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226392028.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In 1981, Chile replaced a mature, traditional, government-run, pay-as-you-go defined benefit system with a new multipillar system that included a defined contribution plan along with a public benefit ... More


Economics Is Not Enough: The “Old Model” of Cap and Trade

Leigh Raymond

in Reclaiming the Atmospheric Commons: The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and a New Model of Emissions Trading

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034746
eISBN:
9780262336161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034746.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter describes the “old” model of cap-and-trade policy design that largely controlled emissions trading policy from its origins in the 1970s through the 1990s, under which emissions trading ... More


Democratic Deliberation and the Ethical Review of Human Subjects Research

Govind Persad

in Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027465
eISBN:
9780262320825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027465.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

This chapter explains the concept of democratic deliberation and considers its implications for ethical review of human subjects research. Democratic deliberation is an ethical principle relatively ... More


The Regulation of Interest Groups and Public Benefit Organizations: The Operation Stage

Nicole Bolleyer

in The State and Civil Society: Regulating Interest Groups, Parties, and Public Benefit Organizations in Contemporary Democracies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198758587
eISBN:
9780191818509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758587.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a detailed empirical assessment of cross-country variation in the regulation of interest groups and public benefit organizations in the operation stage—covering the regulation ... More


Mexico

Estelle James, Alejandra Cox Edwards, and Rebeca Wong

in The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226392004
eISBN:
9780226392028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226392028.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In 1997, Mexico replaced its old, traditional, pay-as-you-go defined benefit system with a multipillar system that included a funded defined contribution component. This chapter analyzes how women ... More


The Economic Consequences of Disability Evidence from the PSID

Bruce D. Meyer and Wallace K. C. Mok

in Lifecycle Events and Their Consequences: Job Loss, Family Change, and Declines in Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804785853
eISBN:
9780804786430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785853.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines the incidence of disability among working-age men and the impact it has on income and benefit receipt. The results reveal that about 30 percent of men in the United States ... More


Corporate Governance Regulation for Public Benefit Foundations in Europe

Hanna Surmatz

in Advances in Corporate Governance: Comparative Perspectives

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198866367
eISBN:
9780191898501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866367.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter seeks to answer whether corporate governance principles apply to public benefit foundations, taking into account the specific structure of philanthropic foundations as asset-based and ... More


A Place to Call Home?

David J. Harding, Jeffrey D. Morenoff, and Jessica J. B. Wyse

in On the Outside: Prisoner Reentry and Reintegration

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226607504
eISBN:
9780226607788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226607788.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Drawing on a broad definition of family, this chapter explores the challenges of reuniting with family and finding a stable home after release. Few formerly incarcerated individuals return to the ... More


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