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Badfellas: Movie Psychos, Popular Culture, and Law

Nicole Rafter

in Law and Popular Culture

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199272235
eISBN:
9780191699603
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272235.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter proposes the recognition of a new film genre called psychopath movies and suggests that this genre can profitably be included in the larger grouping of law films. Psychopaths provide ... More


In Cold Blood: The Evolution of Psychopathy

Martin L. LalumiÈre, Sandeep Mishra, and Grant T. Harris

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents an evolutionary psychological perspective on psychopathy. It begins with a discussion of the construct of psychopathy. It then discusses explanations of psychopathy, the ... More


Civil Commitment of Sex Offenders

Charles Patrick Ewing

in Justice Perverted: Sex Offense Law, Psychology, and Public Policy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199732678
eISBN:
9780199894550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732678.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter deals with sexually violent predator (SVP) laws. It begins by looking at the historical roots of these laws, which lie in what were once known as “sexual psychopath” laws—long-abandoned ... More


The Sex Crimes of the Red Light Bandit (1948–1954)

Theodore Hamm

in Rebel and a Cause: Caryl Chessman and the Politics of the Death Penalty in Postwar California, 1948-1974

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520224278
eISBN:
9780520925236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224278.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Longstanding stereotypes of the violent sex criminal were both contested and revised in the postwar period. From the 1930s onward, activists like Jesse Daniel Aames, the Communist Party, and the ... More


Successful Psychopaths

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes psychopaths who are not engaged in criminal behavior. These individuals can be found in all walks of society, and may include individuals of high social status such as ... More


Contemporary Serial Killers

Bernice M. Murphy

in Twenty-First-Century Gothic: An Edinburgh Companion

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474440929
eISBN:
9781474477024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474440929.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter surveys selective twenty-first century serial killer narratives and outlines their most significant recurrent themes and tropes. The most notable twenty-first century trend considered ... More


The Evil Within: Why We Need Moral Philosophy

Diane Jeske

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190685379
eISBN:
9780190685409
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190685379.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Thomas Jefferson and Edward Coles were men of similar background, but the former remained a slaveholder while the latter emancipated his slaves. Examining the ways in which people such as Jefferson, ... More


Not Caring: Sociopaths and the Suffering of Others

Piers Benn

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter addresses empathic concern as the basis for altruistic concern. The author carefully delineates, but also links, the notions of sympathy and empathy and considers the thesis that ... More


Empathy Deficits in Autism and Psychopaths: Mirror Opposites?

Simon Baron-Cohen

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0038
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Empathy can be defined as having two separable components: a cognitive component (the ability to recognize someone else's thoughts, intentions, and feelings) and an affective component (the drive to ... More


Introduction

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This introductory chapter narrates the event when evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)—a technology used to approximate brain functioning—was presented for the first time in a ... More


Psychophysiology

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the body of psychophysiological research that has been conducted in psychopathy and discusses how this research has improved our understanding of the neurobiological correlates. ... More


Ethical Issues

Andrea L. Glenn and Adrian Raine

in Psychopathy: An Introduction to Biological Findings and Their Implications

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814777053
eISBN:
9780814777077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814777053.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines whether brain impairment should be used in the determination of criminal responsibility. Most people feel comfortable with the idea that authority should not punish individuals ... More


Interpreting Blame

T. M. Scanlon

in Blame: Its Nature and Norms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199860821
eISBN:
9780199332700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860821.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Blame is a response to a person’s perceived faultiness. But it is not clear exactly what kind of response it is. If blame were merely a negative moral evaluation, then it would be difficult to ... More


“Inside Your Daddy’s House”: Capital Punishment and Creeping Nihilism in the Atomic Age

Daniel LaChance

in Executing Freedom: The Cultural Life of Capital Punishment in the United States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226066691
eISBN:
9780226066721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226066721.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the 1960s, the American public's support for the death penalty hit all time lows. Liberal elites had long challenged the wisdom of retributive, eye-for-an-eye justifications for punishment, and ... More


Reason and Action

Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek and Peter Singer

in The Point of View of the Universe: Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199603695
eISBN:
9780191781834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603695.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter asks what rationality amounts to, when it comes to practical reasoning, and what reasons for actions we can have. Philosophical accounts of reasons for action can be divided according to ... More


Moral Disagreements with Psychopaths

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199669776
eISBN:
9780191778650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669776.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Despite disagreements on some moral issues, almost all individuals and cultures agree on certain basic moral judgments, such as that theft, rape, and murder of peers for personal gain are immoral. ... More


Clinical/Abnormal Perspectives

George R. Mastroianni

in Of Mind and Murder: Toward a More Comprehensive Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190638238
eISBN:
9780190638269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638238.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 4 focuses on the considerable psychological literature devoted to the question of the role played by psychopathology in the Nazi movement and the Holocaust. Both the Nazi leaders and the ... More


Psychopathy and Intellectual Disability: Impairments of Judgment

David Shoemaker

in Responsibility from the Margins

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780198715672
eISBN:
9780191783364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198715672.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 6 focuses on answerability by comparing and contrasting psychopaths and adults with mild intellectual disability (MID). Psychopaths tend to be impaired at answerability because of their ... More


Financial Psychopaths

Deborah W. Gregory

in Financial Behavior: Players, Services, Products, and Markets

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190269999
eISBN:
9780190270025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269999.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The term “financial psychopath” was coined after the financial crisis of 2007−2008. Intended as a term of derision, the media used it to negatively label financial professionals, rather than to draw ... More


Unconditional Motivational Internalism and Hume’s Lesson

Daniel Eggers

in Motivational Internalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199367955
eISBN:
9780199367979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199367955.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter critically discusses the widespread rejection of unconditional motivational internalism (UMI). It begins with the attempt to specify the commitments of UMI by drawing on a thought ... More


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