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Developing and Validating Rapid Assessment Instruments

Neil Abell, David W. Springer, and Akihito Kamata

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195333367
eISBN:
9780199864300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333367.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book provides an overview of scale and test development. From conceptualization through design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation, critical concerns are identified and grounded in ... More


The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This book is intended to be read at any stage in the dissertation process, but will be particularly useful in the early stages of preparation for a social work dissertation, and as a reference ... More


Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Donna Harrington

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339888
eISBN:
9780199863662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339888.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Measures that are reliable, valid, and can be used across diverse populations are vital to social work research, but the development of new measures is an expensive and time-consuming process. An ... More


Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

K. Warner Schaie

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This book lays out the reasons why we should study cognitive development in adulthood, and presents the history, latest data, and results from the Seattle Longitudinal Study (SLS), which now extends ... More


Intrinsic Uncertainty and Transducer Functions

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Intrinsic uncertainty arises from sources intrinsic to the observer, in particular from the observer's inability to attend to only the relevant information (attention limitations) and inability to ... More


Fechner's Law—the normal model

Donald Laming

in The Measurement of Sensation

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523420
eISBN:
9780191712425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523420.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The normal, equal variance model of signal detection theory, expressed with respect to log stimulus magnitude as metric, provides an account of discriminations between two separate stimulus ... More


The Relationship Between Cognitive Styles and Intellectual Functioning

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents evidence on the distinctiveness of cognitive styles of motor-cognitive flexibility, attitudinal flexibility, and psychomotor speed from the domain of psychometric intelligence ... More


Sampling and Measurement

Peter Lyons and Howard J. Doueck

in The Dissertation: From Beginning to End

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373912
eISBN:
9780199865604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373912.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter examines participant selection, sampling design, sample size and sampling error; as well as the importance of statistical power, effect size, confidence levels, and confidence intervals. ... More


Little g and friends: An exposition of psychometric intelligence differences. The anatomy (or geography) of that which has to be explained

Ian J. Deary

in Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the psychometric structure, predictive validity, and statistical genetics of intelligence.


Cake-slicing: Cognitive reductionism with self-sufficiency

Ian J. Deary

in Looking Down on Human Intelligence: From Psychometrics to the Brain

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524175
eISBN:
9780191712531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524175.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes and criticizes research that seeks the cognitive foundations of intelligence differences by studying psychometric tests themselves and attempting to fractionate them into ... More


Assessment and Measurement Tools for Alienation

Barbara Jo Fidler, Nicholas Bala, and Michael A. Saini

in Children Who Resist Postseparation Parental Contact: A Differential Approach for Legal and Mental Health Professionals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895496
eISBN:
9780199980086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895496.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

To advance the scientific knowledge base of alienation and deal more effectively with alienation cases, there must be reliable and valid methods for assessing and measuring the presence of ... More


Predicting human behaviour from brain structure

Geraint Rees and Ryota Kanai

in I Know What You're Thinking: Brain imaging and mental privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596492
eISBN:
9780191745669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596492.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Development

Where mental activity is concerned, fMRI technology is often used to map ongoing brain activity. In conjunction with pattern-recognition software, this technology has driven recent advances in the ... More


The Role of Intelligence in the Diversity of Learners

Shane N. Phillipson

in Learning and Teaching in the Chinese Classroom: Responding to Individual Needs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083428
eISBN:
9789882209848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083428.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter focuses on developing an understanding of ‘intelligence’ and how this understanding can be used for enhancing learning.


A Conceptual Representation of Faking: Putting the Horse Back in Front of the Cart

Eric D. Heggestad

in New Perspectives on Faking in Personality Assessment

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195387476
eISBN:
9780199914517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387476.003.0033
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Researchers have studied the expected effects of faking and explored potential solutions to the problem it presents without first developing a thorough understanding of its nature. The goal of this ... More


Psychiatric assessment: With G.E. Berrios, E.S. Paykel and A. Wagle

James W. Fawcett, Anne E. Rosser, and Stephen B. Dunnett

in Brain Damage, Brain Repair

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523376
eISBN:
9780191724534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523376.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Brain disease of whatever nature can give rise to mental symptoms and disorders that, on occasions, may interfere with the assessment, treatment, rehabilitation, and recovery of the underlying ... More


The assessment of memory for memory rehabilitation

Veronica A. Bradley, Narinder Kapur, and Jonathan Evans

in The Effectiveness of Rehabilitation for Cognitive Deficits

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198526544
eISBN:
9780191689420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526544.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter discusses the assessment of memory as part of the process of memory rehabilitation in terms of practical considerations and a ... More


Individual differences and working memory span

Alan Baddeley

in Working Memory, Thought, and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528012
eISBN:
9780191689505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528012.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A historical overview of the psychometric tradition is first discussed in this chapter. The author asserts that the psychometric industry has had a considerable amount of practical success in ... More


Intelligence and Cognitive Abilities as Competencies in Development

Damian P. Birney and Robert J. Sternberg

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses four theoretical approaches—psychometric theories, information-processing theories, Piagetian and neo-Piagetian theories, and contextualist theories—and the associated ... More


Reaction time parameters, intelligence, ageing, and death: the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study

Ian J. Deary and Geoff Der

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter uses the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, a large, population-based, longitudinal study, to describe the relationships between reaction times, psychometric intelligence, ageing, and ... More


Nonverbal Behavior and Interpersonal Sensitivity

Judith A. Hall, Frank J. Bernieri, and Dana R. Carney

in The New Handbook of Methods in Nonverbal Behavior Research

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529620
eISBN:
9780191689673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529620.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the assessment of individual differences, emphasizing the major paradigms and instruments for assessing the accuracy of nonverbal cue processing, and discussing ... More


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