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Reasoning in the real world: how much deduction is there?

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The idea that a deductive competence theory is central to human cognition both has a long pedigree and is widely held by many leading figures in the psychology of reasoning. This chapter argues ... More


Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199233298
eISBN:
9780191696602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233298.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The conditional, if…then, is probably the most important term in natural language and forms the core of systems of logic and mental representation. It occurs in all human languages and allows people ... More


Inference to the Best Explanation: What Is It? And Why Should We Care?

Igor Douven

in Best Explanations: New Essays on Inference to the Best Explanation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198746904
eISBN:
9780191809125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746904.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses how critics of Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE) complain that the rule has never been properly articulated. Another common complaint is that whatever the precise ... More


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