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The Psychological Contracts of Temporary and Permanent Workers

René Schalk, Jeroen de Jong, Thomas Rigotti, Gisela Mohr, José Maria Peiró, and Amparo Caballer

in Employment Contracts, Psychological Contracts, and Employee Well-Being: An International Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542697
eISBN:
9780191715389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542697.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

The psychological contract, as reported by both employers and employees, provides the main focus of this chapter. It starts by reviewing some of the main conceptual and operational issues in ... More


Introduction to Psychological Capital

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This introductory chapter provides the meaning and overview of psychological capital or PsyCap. After first providing the current perspective and need for PsyCap, attention is given to the ... More


Method in Philosophical Psychology (From the Banal to the Bizarre) 1

Paul Grice

in The Conception of Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents some ideas about how to approach philosophical psychology. It begins by formulating four problems that adequate philosophical psychology must be able to test. It discusses some ... More


Introduction: Culture, Self-Silencing, and Depression: A Contextual-Relational Perspective

Dana C. Jack and Alisha Ali

in Silencing the Self Across Cultures: Depression and Gender in the Social World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398090
eISBN:
9780199776900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398090.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter introduces the concept of this international book and the relevance of the self-silencing construct to understanding depression and related problems across cultures, contexts, and ... More


Herbert Spencer and the Beginnings of Evolutionary Psychology

Rick Rylance

in Victorian Psychology and British Culture 1850–1880

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122838
eISBN:
9780191671555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122838.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Of all the shifts in psychological opinion in the period covered by this book, probably the most far-reaching was the remodeling of it in the light of evolutionary theories. The evolutionary paradigm ... More


Living Apart, Living Together? The Role of Intergroup Contact in Social Integration: 2006 Joint British Academy/British Psychological Society Lecture

MILES HEWSTONE

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 162, 2008 Lectures

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264584
eISBN:
9780191734069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264584.003.0009
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture presents the text of the speech about the role of intergroup contact in social integration delivered by the author at the 2006 Joint British Academy/British Psychological Society Lecture ... More


Procrastination and Personal Identity

Christine Tappolet

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

What does the apparent lack of concern for one’s future, which is involved in many cases of procrastination, entail with respect to our conception of personal identity? One claim that is prominent in ... More


Mindless or Mindful Economics: A Methodological Evaluation

DANIEL HAUSMAN

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

In the first chapter, Faruk Gul and Wolfgang Pesesndorfer present how accounting for psychological and neurological theory is important in dealing with normative and positive economics. Both Gul and ... More


The Psychology of Judgment: Causality Is Pervasive

Steven Sloman

in Causal Models: How People Think about the World and Its Alternatives

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183115
eISBN:
9780199870950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183115.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the role of causal models in judgment. It is argued that causal modeling plays a central role in the process of judgment when the object of judgment can be construed as a ... More


The Discourse of Physiology in General Biology

Rick Rylance

in Victorian Psychology and British Culture 1850–1880

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122838
eISBN:
9780191671555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122838.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter looks at the issue of development as philosophy came into direct conflict with a more confident and assertive material science. Modern historians concur with Victorian commentators that ... More


Contemporary Perspectives on the Roots of Violence

Charles K. Bellinger

in The Genealogy of Violence: Reflections on Creation, Freedom, and Evil

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134988
eISBN:
9780199833986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134982.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter summarizes and offers critical responses to four psychological theories of violence. Alice Miller focuses on child abuse. Ervin Staub speaks of ”difficult life conditions” that lead to ... More


Victorian Psychology and British Culture 1850–1880

Rick Rylance

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198122838
eISBN:
9780191671555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198122838.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Victorian psychology was fiercely controversial and contested by parties representing the whole span of nineteenth-century opinion. It developed from a theory of the soul to one which understood the ... More


Mathematizing the Human Soul

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter investigates the development of Ptolemy's psychological theory from On the Kritêrion to the Harmonics. It argues that Ptolemy composed the former before the latter, and that comparison ... More


The Origins of Escalation

Helga Drummond

in Escalation in Decision-Making: The Tragedy of Taurus

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289531
eISBN:
9780191684722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289531.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This chapter analyses the opening phases of the Project Taurus story, focusing on how and why organizations become involved in decision debacles in the first place. According to the ... More


Can There Be a Science of the Symbolic?

John Beebe

in Teaching Jung

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199735426
eISBN:
9780199914524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735426.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The final chapter of the book, addresses the question of whether it is possible to practice a “science of the symbolic.” the chapter acknowledges that many people question the status of Jung's ideas ... More


Withdrawal

Helga Drummond

in Escalation in Decision-Making: The Tragedy of Taurus

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198289531
eISBN:
9780191684722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198289531.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

The London Stock Exchange (LSE) invested over five years and 80 million pounds in Project Taurus. The market allegedly spent 400 million pounds in preparation for dematerialization plus countless ... More


Reason and intuition in the moral life: A dual-process account of moral justification

Leland F. Saunders

in In two minds: Dual processes and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230167
eISBN:
9780191696442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230167.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores how morality can be rational if moral intuitions are resistant to rational reflection. There are two parts to this question. The normative problem is whether there is a model of ... More


The Nature of Goodness

W. D. Ross

in The Right and the Good

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252657
eISBN:
9780191598333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252653.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the second of five chapters on good, and starts by making the point that it is around the question of the intrinsically good that the chief controversies about the nature of goodness or value ... More


Knowing Cognitive Selves

Christine McKinnon

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the standard epistemological requirements of impartiality on the part of the knower, and passivity on the part of the thing under investigation, exclude from the purview of ... More


Back to the Age of Reason

Keith Stenning

in Seeing Reason: Image and Language in Learning to Think

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198507741
eISBN:
9780191687211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507741.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The generality of the results of the Hyperproof study in the previous chapter is tested in this chapter. This chapter reports the results of tests on findings after a study conducted on a microcosm ... More


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