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Representation, Meaning, and Thought

Grant Gillett

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239932
eISBN:
9780191680045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239932.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This study examines the relationship between thought and language by considering the views of Kant and the later Wittgenstein alongside many strands of contemporary debate in the area of mental ... More


Limits

Alan Millar

in Understanding People: Normativity and Rationalizing Explanation

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199254408
eISBN:
9780191719721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254408.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that while rationalizing explanations are genuine explanations, the explanatory insight they supply is limited. This is a limitation of the power of available explanations. The ... More


Perspectival Thoughts and Psychological Explanation

Eros Corazza

in Reflecting the Mind: Indexicality and Quasi-Indexicality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270187
eISBN:
9780191601484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927018X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Deals with the relation between thoughts and the context in which they are entertained. It is argued that thoughts are best viewed as situated. The same thought situated in a different context is ... More


Mental Representation

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues for postulating an inner ‘language’ in which thinking takes place, and proposes a means by which this postulate can be construed on functionalist lines. The functional theory is a purely ... More


Rationality without Language

Jose Luis Bermudez

in Thinking without Words

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159691
eISBN:
9780199849598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159691.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

A theory of nonlinguistic thought is incomplete without an account of nonlinguistic reasoning and the norms of rationality by which such reasoning is governed. This chapter tries to show how an ... More


Wide Functionalism

Gilbert Harman

in Reasoning, Meaning, and Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238027
eISBN:
9780191597633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238029.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Psychological explanation is a kind of functional explanation, like some biological explanation, where the relevant functions tend to have to do with perceiving and acting in relation to the ... More


Introspection, Explanation, and Perceptual Experience: Resisting Metaphysical Disjunctivism

Aaron Zimmerman

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to metaphysical disjunctivists, veridical visual experience and hallucination do not have a common nature. The chapter argues that disjunctivism so defined is incompatible with common sense ... More


Imagination and Misimagination

Adam Morton

in The Architecture of the Imagination: New Essays on Pretence, Possibility, and Fiction

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199275731
eISBN:
9780191706103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275731.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter tries to say what it is to misimagine another person's mind. The idea that misimagination of mind is possible, that there is a difference between correct or accurate imagination of ... More


Emergence and Downward Causation

Cynthia Macdonald and Graham Macdonald

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The principal charge against any emergentist account of the nature of mind is that it leads to incoherence because it is committed to ‘downward’ causation, and it is this charge that this chapter ... More


Conceptual Causation: Some Elementary Reflections

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Building on the ‘weak externalist’ position suggested in ‘The Structure of Content’ and developed in Mental Content, McGinn considers the topic of conceptual causation: in particular, the ... More


The Explanatory Autonomy of Cognitive Models

Daniel A. Weiskopf

in Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Psychology and neuroscience offer distinctive ways of modeling the mind/brain. However, cognitive and neural models often have significantly different structures, raising challenging questions about ... More


Deflationist Views of Meaning and Content

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Attempts to motivate and clarify a radically ‘deflationist’ view of the relations of ‘meaning that’ and ‘having the content that’, and to defend it against many of the arguments that are widely ... More


Philosophical Introduction: The Background Theory

Jerry A. Fodor

in Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236368
eISBN:
9780191597404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236360.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Concepts as central theoretical constructs in cognitive science. Theories of concepts and theories of concept possession. Representational. The place of concepts in `representational theories of ... More


Solving the Frege Cases

Susan Schneider

in The Language of Thought: A New Philosophical Direction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015578
eISBN:
9780262295833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015578.003.0077
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter illustrates how the Frege cases pose major problems for language of thought (LOT) due to its neo-Russellian semantics that directly oppose its symbolic view of thinking. If this ... More


Literalism and Mechanistic Explanation

Carrie Figdor

in Pieces of Mind: The Proper Domain of Psychological Predicates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809524
eISBN:
9780191846861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809524.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Chapters 8 and 9 present objections to Literalism inspired by its implications. Chapter 8 presents the homuncular functionalist view of psychological explanation, which holds that in order to ... More


‘How does it Work?’ vs. ‘What are the Laws?’: Two Conceptions of Psychological Explanation

Robert Cummins

in The World in the Head

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199548033
eISBN:
9780191809835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199548033.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the deductive nomological (DN) model of explanation and ‘capacities’, as the two primary concepts of psychological explanation. The DN model, developed by Carl G. Hempel and ... More


Psychological Eudaemonism and Explanation

Rachana Kamtekar

in Plato's Moral Psychology: Intellectualism, the Divided Soul, and the Desire for Good

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198798446
eISBN:
9780191850455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 6 argues that for Plato, psychological eudaemonism’s potential to explain actions and agents is limited, and, in the case where the agent’s beliefs are false, both rife with moral hazard and ... More


What do we know about housework?

Shannon N. Davis and Theodore N. Greenstein

in Why Who Cleans Counts: What Housework Tells Us about American Family Life

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447336747
eISBN:
9781447336792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336747.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Chapter 1 serves as the introduction to the book. While housework is a frequent object of scholarly inquiry, in part because of its ubiquitous appearance across household types, we argue that it can ... More


The Social and the Psychological Dimensions of Ethics

Mark Fedyk

in The Social Turn in Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035569
eISBN:
9780262337151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035569.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter demonstrates that it is possible to separate the social reality of accepting and acting upon a set of moral norms from the psychological reality of doing the same. This distinction is ... More


Social Content and Psychological Content

Brian Loar

in Consciousness and Meaning: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199673353
eISBN:
9780191758935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673353.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Loar draws a distinction between ‘social content,’ which is externally socially determined and essentially tied to language and communication; and ‘psychological content,’ which is central for ... More


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