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All in the Brain?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on the question of diagnosis of psychiatric disorders and examines the relationship between neuroscience and psychiatry from this perspective. Despite the penetrating gaze of ... More


 Neurosurgery, Psychosurgery, and Neurostimulation

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines different forms of neurosurgery, psychosurgery, and neurostimulation for neurological and psychiatric disorders. It discusses the weighing of benefits and risks in determining ... More


Teaching a course in psychiatric epidemiology

Rebecca Fuhrer and Ezra Susser

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter serves as a guide for developing a course in psychiatric epidemiology; that is, epidemiological methods applied to the study of psychiatric disorders rather than the epidemiology of ... More


Integrative Neuroscience and Personalized Medicine

Evian Gordon, MD, PhD and Stephen Koslow, PhD (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195393804
eISBN:
9780199863495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393804.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Key thoughts leaders and practitioners in personalized medicine distil its current status, future directions, and recommendation for successful implementation of for brain disorders. This text is a ... More


Clinical presentation of neuropsychiatric disorders

Ronan O’Carroll

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.032
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

Clinical neuropsychology plays a crucial role in the assessment of cognitive impairment in clinical practice and in research in psychiatry. Recent advances in knowledge have allowed for more ... More


The epidemiological study of mental disorders since the beginning of the twentieth century

Rebecca Fuhrer and Lee Robins

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter traces the development of the epidemiology of mental disorders. Topics discussed include early epidemiology from 1901–60, improving diagnosis and counting the prevalence of a broad ... More


Hormones and Mood

Meir Steiner and Elizabeth A. Young

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The role and potential relevance of estrogen and other sex steroids to psychiatric disorders is the focus of current scientific attention. Estrogen has been described as a 5-HT, NA and ACh agonist; ... More


Prevalence of Primary Mental Health Morbidity and Suicide Symptoms among Gay and Bisexual Men

Susan D. Cochran and Vickie M. Mays

in Unequal Opportunity: Health Disparities Affecting Gay and Bisexual Men in the United States

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301533
eISBN:
9780199863815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301533.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the data regarding the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and suicide risk among gay and bisexual men in the United States. It begins by examining the methodological ... More


Psychiatric aspects of memory disorders in epilepsy

Laura H. Goldstein and Narinder Kapur

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Individuals with epilepsy are at increased risk of a number of psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, and psychosis. However, when considering the performance of people with epilepsy on ... More


Dopamine Modulation of Forebrain Pathways and the Pathophysiology of Psychiatric Disorders

Anthony A. Grace

in Dopamine Handbook

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.003.0041
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

Dopamine (DA) has received substantial attention due to its involvement in a wide array of neurological and psychiatric disorders, ranging from Parkinson's disease to affective disorders and ... More


Dopamine Handbook

Leslie Iversen, Susan Iversen, Stephen Dunnett, and Anders Bjorklund (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195373035
eISBN:
9780199865543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195373035.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, History of Neuroscience

The discovery of dopamine in 1957-8 was one of the seminal events in the development of modern neuroscience, and has been extremely important for the development of modern therapies of neurological ... More


Emergency Department Treatment of the Psychiatric Patient: Policy Issues and Legal Requirements

Susan Stefan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195189292
eISBN:
9780199894017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189292.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Many hospital emergency departments are overcrowded and short-staffed, with a limited number of available hospital beds. It is increasingly hard for emergency departments and their staff to provide ... More


Diagnosis, Assessment, and Treatment of Depression in Palliative Care

Hayley Pessin, Yesne Alici Evcimen, Andreas J. Apostolatos, and William Breitbart

in Psychosocial Issues in Palliative Care

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199216420
eISBN:
9780191730306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216420.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter examines the growing importance of diagnosis and treatment of depression and other psychiatric disorders in patients with terminal cancer. Depression is a common complication among ... More


People or Plants?: The Myth that Psychiatric Diagnoses are Meaningful

Richard P. Bentall

in Doctoring the Mind: Is Our Current Treatment of Mental Illness Really Any Good?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814791486
eISBN:
9780814739143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814791486.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter initially presents the case of Andrew, a man with pre-existing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that was exacerbated by the bullying he received while serving in the army. Modern ... More


Psychiatric Disorders

Kimberly A. McCord

in Teaching the Postsecondary Music Student with Disabilities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190467760
eISBN:
9780190467807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467760.003.0007
Subject:
Music, History, American

College students with psychiatric disorders are among the fastest growing population of students on campus. Psychiatric disorders are a high-incidence disorder. Depression and anxiety are becoming so ... More


Teaching a course in psychiatric epidemiology

Rebecca Fuhrer and Kelly K. Anderson

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199685004
eISBN:
9780191765315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685004.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter is intended to serve as a guide for developing a course in psychiatric epidemiology; that is, epidemiological methods applied to the study of psychiatric disorders rather than the ... More


Dependent and Dynamic Processes

Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn J. Bromet

in Psychiatric Epidemiology: Searching for the Causes of Mental Disorders

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195101812
eISBN:
9780199864096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.003.37
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Although critiques of current epidemiologic methods frequently invoke concepts derived from a complexity framework, applications of these approaches to epidemiologic problems are scarce. Broader ... More


DSM Applications to Young Children: Are There Really Bipolar and Depressed Two-Year-Olds?

Harold Kincaid

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Scientific commonsense would suggest that very young children cannot have psychiatric disorders such as bipolar disorder or major depression since they do not have the level of development to express ... More


Pregnancy Complications

Michelle A. Williams and Robert W. Platt

in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387902
eISBN:
9780199895328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0035
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Pregnancy is characterized by profound metabolic and physiological alterations involving virtually every organ system. Among apparently healthy women, the metabolic challenges, or “stress test” of ... More


Understanding risk and resilience in maltreated children: Emerging findings from translational, genetic, neuroimaging, and treatment studies

Joan Kaufman, Janitza L Montalvo-Ortiz, and Richard S Lee

in Genes, brain, and emotions: Interdisciplinary and Translational Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198793014
eISBN:
9780191834745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793014.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Individuals with a history of child abuse are at high risk for a broad range of psychiatric and substance use disorders. This chapter reviews key findings from research on the genetics of child ... More


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