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All in the Brain?

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on the question of diagnosis of psychiatric disorders and examines the relationship between neuroscience and psychiatry from this perspective. Despite the penetrating gaze of ... More


Genomics, Behavior, and Testimony at Criminal Trials

William Bernet and Anas Alkhatib

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter describes how testimony regarding behavioral genomics is currently used in legal settings and how it may be used in the future. It focuses on three ways in which a specific individual's ... More


Profession of the Book

Owen Whooley

in On the Heels of Ignorance: Psychiatry and the Politics of Not Knowing

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226616247
eISBN:
9780226616414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226616414.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the current era of “diagnostic psychiatry” by comparing two revisions to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) – the widely heralded “paradigm shift” ... More


Creativity and madness: clues from modern psychiatric diagnosis

Gordon Claridge

in Genius and the Mind: Studies of Creativity and Temperament

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523734
eISBN:
9780191688997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523734.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyses the correlation between creativity and psychosis by citing clues from modern psychiatric diagnosis. Prior to the current era of genetic studies, serious mental illnesses were ... More


Depression in the Terminally Ill: Prevalence and Measurement Issues

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

While sadness and depressed mood may be indicative of an underlying depression, they may also be part of a normal response to the anticipation of one's own death. While periodic sadness is to be ... More


Abnormal Psychology and Culture

Junko Tanaka-Matsumi

in The Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190679743
eISBN:
9780190679774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190679743.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

More than a century of research on culture and psychopathology has shown that culture exerts a major influence on the identification, labeling, indigenous meaning, course, and outcome of maladaptive ... More


RDoC’s Metaphysical Assumptions: Problems and Promises

Ginger A. Hoffman and Peter Zachar

in Extraordinary Science and Psychiatry: Responses to the Crisis in Mental Health Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035484
eISBN:
9780262341752
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035484.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Critics contend that the categories within the DSM are fueling the current crisis in psychiatry because they are not valid. As a remedy, NIMH has established RDoC, a framework of psychological and ... More


Current State of Psychiatric Nosology

Michael B. First

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychiatric classifications categorize how patients present to mental health care professionals and are necessarily utilitarian. From the clinician’s perspective, the most important goal of a ... More


Baseline Results

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, the baseline results obtained when using ‘nearest neighbour’ propensity score matching are presented. The overall findings suggest that individuals with ADHD (the treatment groups) ... More


Suffering from Contingencies

Michael E. Staub

in Madness Is Civilization: When the Diagnosis Was Social, 1948–1980

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226771472
eISBN:
9780226771496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226771496.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In his 1961 book Asylums, Erving Goffman focuses on nameless, faceless inmates confined in a mental hospital that has morally and therapeutically failed them, suffering from circumstances over which ... More


(Un)making Madness: Delving into the Depths of Knowledge

Ranjita Biswas

in Gendering Mental Health: Knowledges, Identities, and Institutions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199453535
eISBN:
9780199085408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199453535.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Society judges and marginalizes women on the basis of judgements and values about what constitutes ‘normalcy’. This chapter examines the genealogies of scientific notions of the normal and the ... More


Friendship and Mental Health Functioning

Alan R. King, Tiffany D. Russell, and Amy C. Veith

in The Psychology of Friendship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190222024
eISBN:
9780190645380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190222024.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Links between friendship and mental health are reviewed in this chapter. An original analysis is provided of how selected friendship and mental health indices covaried within a college sample. Adult ... More


A Sibling-Based Analysis—Addressing Unobserved Heterogeneity

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, a sibling-based analysis is presented that compares individuals with ADHD (treatment groups) to sibling-based matched control groups. The advantage of this analysis is that siblings ... More


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