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Individual Interpretations and Applications of Rationalism

Johannes Quack

in Disenchanting India: Organized Rationalism and Criticism of Religion in India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812608
eISBN:
9780199919406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812608.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter provides general information about the different interpretations and applications of rationalism by the members, activists and representatives of ANiS. It is shown how ANiS manages to ... More


Systematicity: The Nature of Science

Paul Hoyningen-Huene

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985050
eISBN:
9780199346226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985050.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The book addresses the question of what the nature of science is. Throughout the book, “science” is taken in a very wide sense, including not only the natural sciences, but also mathematics, the ... More


Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Amos Morris-Reich

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Race and Photography studies the changing function of photography within the “science of race” from the 1870s to the 1940s and documents how such an object is defined by and simultaneously defines ... More


The Sceptics

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson discusses the sceptical attacks on dogmatic accounts of cause and explanation, beginning with the Eight Modes of Aenesidemus, before moving on to discuss Sextus Empiricus’ ... More


Chaos, the Void, and Poetry

Alice Jenkins

in Space and the 'March of Mind': Literature and the Physical Sciences in Britain 1815-1850

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199209927
eISBN:
9780191706431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209927.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century Literature and Romanticism, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Previous chapters have explored ways in which early 19th-century writers valorized space as a fundamental of science, as a transcendental abstraction, and as a unified, homogeneous field which ... More


Introduction

Amos Morris-Reich

in Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The Introduction frames the study of racial photography as scientific evidence. Based on the works of Lorraine Daston and Ian Hacking, the chapter develops the notion of “practical epistemology” as a ... More


The Hypothesis in Science Education

Bradley E. Alger

in Defense of the Scientific Hypothesis: From Reproducibility Crisis to Big Data

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190881481
eISBN:
9780190093761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190881481.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter presents a wide though unsystematic review of formal educational resources of information about the hypothesis, at levels from grade school through to professional science. The focus in ... More


Scientific Soundness and the Problem of Predatory Journals

Jeffrey Beall

in Pseudoscience: The Conspiracy Against Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037426
eISBN:
9780262344814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037426.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Predatory publishers and journals aim to make as much money as possible from researchers using the author-pays publishing model. Though most claim to manage a proper peer review, the practice of ... More


Consequences for Scientific Knowledge

Paul Hoyningen-Huene

in Systematicity: The Nature of Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985050
eISBN:
9780199346226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985050.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

With the thesis about the systematic character of scientific knowledge in place, a number of further questions about science can be addressed. How does science emerge out of non-science? How does it ... More


Introduction

Robert Cribb, Helen Gilbert, and Helen Tiffin

in Wild Man from Borneo: A Cultural History of the Orangutan

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837143
eISBN:
9780824869779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837143.003.0012
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter describes the “great extinction” that wiped out the rich bestiary of pure fantasy that had charmed, inspired, and frightened people in ancient and medieval times. Belief in fantasy had ... More


What “Snowflakes” Get Right About Free Speech

Ulrich Baer

in What Snowflakes Get Right: Free Speech, Truth, and Equality on Campus

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190054199
eISBN:
9780190054229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190054199.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Education

How do we balance the university’s fundamental commitments to freedom of expression and to equality? With the help of philosophy, political science, legal scholarship, and common sense, it is ... More


A Slippery Slope, or Who Is to Draw the Line?

Ulrich Baer

in What Snowflakes Get Right: Free Speech, Truth, and Equality on Campus

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190054199
eISBN:
9780190054229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190054199.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Is there reason to fear that any regulation of speech, which our laws have always recognized, will lead to the suppression of voices we currently like? Is the cost of having free speech the ... More


Speech on Campus: How It Can Work

Ulrich Baer

in What Snowflakes Get Right: Free Speech, Truth, and Equality on Campus

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190054199
eISBN:
9780190054229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190054199.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Education

How can we find rules that respect the university’s commitment to academic freedom while creating an environment where everyone can contribute to teaching and research in truly equal ways? A first ... More


The Misuse of Culture

Robert Klitgaard

in The Culture and Development Manifesto

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780197517734
eISBN:
9780197517772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197517734.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

An obstacle to applying cultural knowledge is the fear of misuse and misunderstanding. Histories of cultural categories becoming cultural stereotypes have left behind scars and sensitivity, and this ... More


The Shape of Irish SF to Come

Jack Fennell

in Irish Science Fiction

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781781381199
eISBN:
9781781384879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Discontinued
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381199.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter concludes the book by extrapolating potential future directions for Irish science fiction from the trends charted over previous chapters. Building upon the theoretical framework ... More


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