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Clinical Significance

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0028
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter draws upon the cases of selected individual patients, mostly from personal clinical experience, to focus on the apparent wider clinical relevance of white matter anatomy and disorders. ... More


The evolution of multisensory vocal communication in primates and the influence of developmental timing

Asif A. Ghazanfar

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews data suggesting that adult monkeys and humans (infants and adults) share behavioural and neural homologies in the domain of multisensory vocal communication. Yet, despite certain ... More


The Principles of Pruning

John A. Stempien and John Linstrom (eds)

in The Liberty Hyde Bailey Gardener's Companion: Essential Writings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501740237
eISBN:
9781501740275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740237.003.0019
Subject:
History, Environmental History

Along with a general list of functional reasons to prune a plant, a more important idea is stressed: to prune well is to be in sympathetic contact with the plant, the gardener "working out his ideals ... More


Distances between Arbitrary Strings

Guillaume Fertin, Anthony Labarre, Irena Rusu, Eric Tannier, and Steéphane Vialette

in Combinatorics of Genome Rearrangements

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062824
eISBN:
9780262258753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062824.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Biology

This chapter presents two main ideas to deal with arbitrary (that is, not necessarily balanced) strings. The first idea aims to transform strings into permutations, using the match-and-prune model in ... More


Comparing and Rationalizing Arguments

Philippe Besnard and Anthony Hunter

in Elements of Argumentation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026437
eISBN:
9780262268400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026437.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter presents techniques for comparing and rationalizing arguments within an argument tree. The first part discusses ways of comparing arguments based on the nature of the conflicts arising ... More


The rise and fall of ‘King Coffee’

Angela McCarthy and T.M. Devine

in Tea and Empire: James Taylor in Victorian Ceylon

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781526119056
eISBN:
9781526128201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526119056.003.0003
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

James Taylor’s eventual fame undeniably came from his achievements as a tea planter. Yet, for several years, cultivating coffee, the main enterprise in Ceylon during his early years on the island, ... More


Phylogeny reconstruction: overview

Ziheng Yang

in Molecular Evolution: A Statistical Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199602605
eISBN:
9780191782251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602605.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces basic concepts related to phylogenetic trees such as rooted and unrooted trees, consensus trees and partition distance, species trees, and gene trees. It discusses general ... More


Maximum likelihood methods

Ziheng Yang

in Molecular Evolution: A Statistical Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199602605
eISBN:
9780191782251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602605.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes the pruning algorithm for calculating the likelihood on a tree, as well as extensions under complex substitution models, including the gamma and covarion models of rate ... More


Bayesian phylogenetics

Ziheng Yang

in Molecular Evolution: A Statistical Approach

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199602605
eISBN:
9780191782251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602605.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the implementation of various models of genetic sequence evolution in Bayesian phylogenetic analysis. It discusses the specification of priors for parameters in such models, as ... More


The Left Periphery and Agrammatism: Wh-extractions in Danish

Anne Mette Nyvad, Ken Ramshøj Christensen, and Sten Vikner

in Locality

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199945269
eISBN:
9780199369805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945269.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Data from a study on the comprehension of short and long extractions by four Danish agrammatic patients reveal an interesting asymmetry between subject and object extraction that cannot be explained ... More


Verb Movement to C: From Agrammatic Aphasia to Syntactic Analysis

Naama Friedmann

in Diagnosing Syntax

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199602490
eISBN:
9780191757297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602490.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Triggered Inversion, the movement of the verb to second sentential position in Hebrew, has received two different analyses. According to one analysis, the verb moves to C; according to the other it ... More


Puberty: Effects on the Prefrontal Cortex and Cognitive Behavior

Janice M. Juraska

in Estrogens and Memory: Basic Research and Clinical Implications

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780190645908
eISBN:
9780190645922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645908.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the remodeling of the prefrontal cortex during adolescence, which occurs in both humans and rats. Other neural regions involved in cognitive behavior are also affected, but the ... More


Tending multiaged stands

Kevin L. O’Hara

in Multiaged Silviculture: Managing for Complex Forest Stand Structures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198703068
eISBN:
9780191788796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703068.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Tending operations or intermediate treatments, such as thinning, vegetation control, fertilization, pruning, and prescribed burning are less common in multiaged than even-aged systems. There is ... More


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