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Persons, Interests, and Justice

Nils Holtug

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book on welfare and its importance for distributive justice. Part I is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a ... More


Natural Rights or Political Prudence? Francis Hutcheson on Toleration

Knud Haakonssen

in Natural Law and Toleration in the Early Enlightenment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265406
eISBN:
9780191760457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265406.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Francis Hutcheson is commonly seen as a theorist of natural rights, including the right to a free conscience. However, his notion of conscience is of a moral faculty that is subject to education and, ... More


Virtue

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Smith's theory of the nature of virtue comes mainly in the new part added to the sixth edition. It concludes that virtue is a form of propriety, a vague notion, disappointingly thin as compared with ... More


The Cardinal Virtues

D. D. Raphael

in The Impartial Spectator: Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199213337
eISBN:
9780191707544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213337.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The cardinal virtues for Smith are prudence, justice, beneficence, and self‐command. Prudence is given a lower status than the other three. Self‐command is highlighted and shows the influence on ... More


The Myth of Egoism

Christine M. Korsgaard

in The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199552733
eISBN:
9780191720321
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552733.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many philosophers believe there is a principle of practical reason directing the individual to maximize the satisfaction of his own interests. This belief is supposedly compatible with the views that ... More


Introduction

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces some key concepts, including prudence and justice and the relations between them, and gives an overview of the book. It also provides an account of the methodology employed. ... More


Prudence, Procrastination, and Rationality

Olav Gjelsvik

in The Thief of Time: Philosophical Essays on Procrastination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195376685
eISBN:
9780199776306
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376685.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends an aspect of the standard view that procrastination is doing things later in time than you should and does so by accounting for normative aspects of time discounting and ... More


Introduction

Joseph Heath

in Following the Rules: Practical Reasoning and Deontic Constraint

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195370294
eISBN:
9780199871230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370294.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The Introduction discusses the puzzling aspects of morality in relation to self-interest. It also talks about the part played by prudence. Prudence is not a constraint, but rather an expression of ... More


Aquinas: The Canon of the Virtues

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Thomas Aquinas' claims about prudence commit him to a further claim about the general character of a virtue. He believes that universal prudence (reaching ... More


Intelligence in States

John A. Hall

in The Importance of Being Civil: The Struggle for Political Decency

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153261
eISBN:
9781400847495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153261.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter looks at the great contribution of Raymond Aron to the understanding of civil behavior between states. Aron's contribution to the theory of international relations goes well beyond what ... More


Model

Ivor J. Davidson

in Ambrose: De Officiis: Edited with an Introduction, Translation, and Commentary (Two Volume Set)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199245789
eISBN:
9780191601453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245789.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Ambrose models his text on the three books of Cicero's De officiis, written by Cicero to his son Marcus in 44 BC, under the influence of the Stoic philosopher Panaetius (with some further debts to ... More


Presbyterianism and the right of private judgement: Church government in Ireland and Scotland in the age of Francis Hutcheson

James Moore

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain: New Case Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199227044
eISBN:
9780191739309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Hutcheson’s ideas of rights and prudence in the context of debated issues of church government in early eighteenth-century Ireland and Scotland. He agreed with ministers in ... More


The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Ethics

Gloria Vivenza

in Adam Smith and the Classics: The Classical Heritage in Adam Smith's Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296669
eISBN:
9780191597008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296665.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Deals with Smith's moral philosophy and singles out the influences of the main classical philosophies on Smith's treatise. There are clearly recognizable echoes from Greek philosophy (Plato and ... More


Dialogue With a Dying Man

Ian Simpson Ross

in The Life of Adam Smith

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288213
eISBN:
9780191596827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288212.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Smith was devoted in his attentions to Hume as he lay dying, but, ever the man of prudence, gave his best friend some pain through unwillingness to see through the press the Dialogues concerning ... More


Virtue Theory

Tom Tomlinson

in Methods in Medical Ethics: Critical Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195161243
eISBN:
9780199950317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161243.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses two roles for virtues in our bioethical thinking—as powers for knowing the right thing to do; and as dispositions which reflect the moral excellence of persons. The first role ... More


Credulity and Vision: ‘The Miller's Tale’, ‘The Merchant's Tale’, ‘The Wife of Bath's Tale’

Alcuin Blamires

in Chaucer, Ethics, and Gender

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248674
eISBN:
9780191714696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248674.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

The chapter examines Chaucer’s fascination with the ethical antithesis between credulity and visionary prudence, together with complex attendant genderings. In the Miller’s Tale, the human power to ... More


Formal and Substantive Principles of Reason

Christine M. Korsgaard

in Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199552795
eISBN:
9780191720550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552795.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter lays out the principles of practical reason whose normativity the book defends, and distinguishes them from other proposed principles of practical reason. The principle of instrumental ... More


Moral Philosophy and Civil Society: Ethics and Self-Love  

Andrew Stewart Skinner

in A System of Social Science: Papers Relating to Adam Smith

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233343
eISBN:
9780191678974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233343.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

There is a certain elegance and ingenuity about the argument of The Theory of Moral Sentiments which is nowhere more obvious than in the way in which Adam Smith made allowances for certain features ... More


Ethics and the Orator: The Ciceronian Tradition of Political Morality

Gary A. Remer

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226439167
eISBN:
9780226439334
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226439334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

For thousands of years, critics have attacked rhetoric and the actual practice of politics as unprincipled, insincere, and manipulative. In Ethics and the Orator, the Ciceronian rhetorical tradition ... More


Leadership: Moral Sources

James L. Heft S.M.

in Catholic High Schools: Facing the New Realities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199796656
eISBN:
9780199919352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796656.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the moral dimensions of leadership in Catholic schools. The chapter unfolds in two steps. First, it offers a description of four moral virtues—prudence, justice, fortitude, ... More


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