## What Laws of Logic Say

*Charles Travis*

### in Objectivity and the Parochial

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- January 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199596218
- eISBN:
- 9780191595783
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596218.003.0002
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Aesthetics

How does a law of logic speak to thought? How, if at all, might the world speak to such a law's truth? Is there such a thing as things being other than it says? What does it say? This chapter ... More

## The Procedural Setting of Complementarity

*Jann K. Kleffner*

### in Complementarity in the Rome Statute and National Criminal Jurisdictions

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- May 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199238453
- eISBN:
- 9780191716744
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238453.003.0005
- Subject:
- Law, Public International Law

This chapter first addresses the procedural stages at which admissibility may arise. These procedures provide a framework for interaction between States and the Prosecutor, which is moderated by and ... More

## Protein structure (cross) validation

*Michael R. Sawaya*

### in Crystal Structure Refinement: A Crystallographer's Guide to SHELXL

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- September 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780198570769
- eISBN:
- 9780191718809
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570769.003.0011
- Subject:
- Physics, Crystallography

Cross validation is a key concept in attaining accuracy in crystallographic refinement. Refinement of protein structures is especially subject to model bias; an unchecked imagination during the model ... More

## Visualizing in Mathematics

*Marcus Giaquinto*

### in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199296453
- eISBN:
- 9780191711961
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296453.003.0002
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Visual thinking in mathematics (thinking with representations in visual imagination or external diagrams) has a plurality of uses. This chapter assesses the epistemic standing of major uses of visual ... More

## Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom addresses a fundamental problem in children’s learning that has received relatively little research attention: Although proving and related concepts ... More

## The Atheist Crusade

*Paul Froese*

### in The Plot to Kill God: Findings from the Soviet Experiment in Secularization

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- May 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780520255289
- eISBN:
- 9780520942738
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- University of California Press
- DOI:
- 10.1525/california/9780520255289.003.0003
- Subject:
- Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter inquires into the dynamics of the Soviet atheist project, in view of the objective practices and policies, which unknowingly to the Communists, filled the gap between the atheist ideals ... More

## Scaling Up an Organization

*Luis Perez-Breva and Nick Fuhrer*

### in Innovating: A Doer's Manifesto for Starting from a Hunch, Prototyping Problems, Scaling Up, and Learning to Be Productively Wrong

- Published in print:
- 2017
- Published Online:
- September 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780262035354
- eISBN:
- 9780262336680
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035354.003.0010
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Innovation

Organizations don’t just grown on their own. You build them, and you may end up building multiple organizations, each one atop the previous one. The scale-up logic is straightforward: You present ... More

## Imagining ENIAC

*Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope*

### in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- May 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780262033985
- eISBN:
- 9780262334426
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0002
- Subject:
- History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Explores the origins of ENIAC, beginning with its two primary inventors John W. Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert. Examines ENIAC’s original 1942 and 1943 proposals, the process by which the machine was ... More

## ENIAC Arrives at the Ballistic Research Lab

*Thomas Haigh, Mark Priestley, and Crispin Rope*

### in Eniac in Action: Making and Remaking the Modern Computer

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- May 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780262033985
- eISBN:
- 9780262334426
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033985.003.0006
- Subject:
- History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1947 ENIAC was unpacked and installed at the Ballistic Research Laboratory in Aberdeen, Maryland. This chapter explores its first fifteen months there, beginning with some context about the ... More

## Chalk: Materials and Concepts in Mathematics Research

*Michael J. Barany and Donald MacKenzie*

### in Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- May 2014
- ISBN:
- 9780262525381
- eISBN:
- 9780262319157
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- The MIT Press
- DOI:
- 10.7551/mitpress/9780262525381.003.0006
- Subject:
- Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter devotes close empirical attention to the social and material achievement of proofs, theorems, and other mathematical constructions. Mathematics is often treated as the most abstract and ... More

## Introduction

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

### in Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter provides the background for the book, which examines how the place of proving in elementary students’ mathematical work can be elevated through the purposeful design and implementation ... More

## The Importance and Meaning of Proving, and the Role of Mathematics Tasks

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

### in Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.003.0002
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter reviews relevant literature to justify the importance of proving as early as elementary school and clarifies the meanings of “proof” and “proving” as used in the book. This chapter also ... More

## The Set-up of the Investigation

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

### in Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.003.0003
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter offers the context for the investigation conducted in the book, which concerns (1) the relationship between proving tasks and proving activity and (2) the role of the teacher in ... More

## Proving Tasks with Ambiguous Conditions

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

### in Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter reports an investigation of proving tasks whose conditions are ambiguous and thus subject to different legitimate assumptions by students. The emphasis is on the proving activity that ... More

## Proving Tasks Involving a Single Case

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

### in Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter reports an investigation of proving tasks that concern a single case, specifically, a single calculation in arithmetic. The emphasis is on the proving activity that these tasks can help ... More

## Proving Tasks Involving Multiple but Finitely Many Cases

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

### in Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.003.0006
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter reports an investigation of proving tasks that call for consideration of all (finitely many) cases involved in a situation. Specifically, it discusses combination, permutation, and ... More

## Proving Tasks Involving Infinitely Many Cases

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

### in Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

This chapter reports an investigation of proving tasks that call for justification or refutation of mathematical generalizations over infinite sets. The emphasis is on the proving activity that these ... More

## Conclusion

*Andreas J. Stylianides*

### in Proving in the Elementary Mathematics Classroom

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- September 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780198723066
- eISBN:
- 9780191789588
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723066.003.0008
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Educational Mathematics

The final chapter discusses some key points emerging from this book, which examines how the place of proving in elementary students’ mathematical work can be elevated through the purposeful design ... More

## The Invention of Defenses: Cox Volume 2 (1856–59)

*Philip Gaines*

### in From Truth to Technique at Trial: A Discursive History of Metavalues in Trial Advocacy Advice Texts

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- April 2016
- ISBN:
- 9780199333608
- eISBN:
- 9780190466084
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333608.003.0005
- Subject:
- Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Chapter 5 looks at Cox’s second “volume” of The Advocate—one that was never published in monograph form but was serialized between 1856 and 1859 in the Law Times, a legal periodical edited by Cox. ... More

## Enforcing Regulation

*Robert Baldwin, Martin Cave, and Martin Lodge*

### in Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy, and Practice

- Published in print:
- 2011
- Published Online:
- April 2015
- ISBN:
- 9780199576081
- eISBN:
- 9780191806698
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199576081.003.0011
- Subject:
- Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter explores the main challenges involved in the enforcement of regulation. Using the DREAM framework (Detecting, Responding, Enforcing, Assessing, Modifying), it discusses the ... More