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Doing without Concepts

Edouard Machery

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Over recent years, the psychology of concepts has been rejuvenated by new work on prototypes, inventive ideas on causal cognition, the development of neo-empiricist theories of concepts, and the ... More


Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236368
eISBN:
9780191597404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236360.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Jerry Fodor presents a strikingly original theory of the basic constituents of thought. He suggests that the heart of a cognitive science is its theory of concepts, and that cognitive scientists have ... More


Principled Guidance

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality is a practical matter that concerns choice and action, and a sound moral outlook should be capable of motivating someone to act virtuously. Hence, it is reasonable to expect that moral ... More


On the storage and retrieval of categorical information

W. K. Estes

in Classification and Cognition

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195073355
eISBN:
9780199867899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195073355.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Nearly all categorization research has been concerned largely with learners' abilities to classify exemplars of categories, as in making diagnoses. However, the realization is emerging that other ... More


Noncritical Resonances

Ben Brubaker, Daniel Bump, and Solomon Friedberg

in Weyl Group Multiple Dirichlet Series: Type A Combinatorial Theory (AM-175)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150659
eISBN:
9781400838998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150659.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter deals with noncritical resonances. A short pattern is resonant at i if lsubscript i plus 1 = bᵢ. This property depends only on the associated prototype, so resonance is actually a ... More


Network Structure and the Polysemy of see

Nikolas Gisborne

in The Event Structure of Perception Verbs

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577798
eISBN:
9780191722417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577798.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is a discussion of the polysemy of see, which is concerned with two main questions: how to model polysemy in a default inheritance based theory; and how fine‐grained an analysis of ... More


Dioscuri

Lowell Edmunds

in Stealing Helen: The Myth of the Abducted Wife in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165127
eISBN:
9781400874224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165127.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Folk Literature

This chapter examines the divine twins, the “Dioscuri,” to which Helen is variously related in the mythology. After reviewing the evidence for the theft of Helen and her rescue by the Dioscuri, the ... More


Grammatical categorization: Subject–Auxiliary Inversion 1

Adele Goldberg

in Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

A recognition of general properties of categorization can be used to illuminate the functional underpinnings of aspects of grammar that appear at first to be arbitrary syntactic facts. One such case, ... More


Nominal Structure

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Personal pronouns and proper names are inherently grounded. The structure of other nominals tends to reflect semantic function, with the head noun as core, grounding as the outermost layer, and ... More


Clause Structure

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

A full clause profiles a grounded instance of a process type. Conceptual archetypes function as the prototypical values of basic clause types and clausal elements. Languages naturally differ in their ... More


Conceptual Semantics

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Without contradiction, linguistic meaning is seen as residing in conceptualization and as having a social-interactive basis. Conceptualization is fundamentally imagistic rather than propositional. ... More


Grammatical Classes

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The standard doctrine that basic grammatical classes (parts of speech) are not semantically definable rests on erroneous assumptions about the nature of linguistic meaning. With a proper view of ... More


Parts of Speech

William Croft

in Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198299554
eISBN:
9780191708091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Most grammatical theories assume that the parts of speech — noun, verb, adjective — are categories of particular languages, but may be absent in some languages. But standard analyses are arbitrary ... More


Types

Ben Brubaker, Daniel Bump, and Solomon Friedberg

in Weyl Group Multiple Dirichlet Series: Type A Combinatorial Theory (AM-175)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691150659
eISBN:
9781400838998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691150659.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter divides the prototypes into much smaller units called types. It fixes a top and bottom row, and therefore a cartoon. For each episode ε‎ of the cartoon, the chapter fixes an integer ... More


Idioms From Metaphors to “Just Long Words”?

Sam Glucksberg

in Understanding Figurative Language: From Metaphor to Idioms

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195111095
eISBN:
9780199872107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111095.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Are idioms just long words or do they share syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties with language in general? Four classes of idioms are identified: (1) non-compositional/opaque, which cannot ... More


It's Beautiful, Now Make It Accurate

Solly Angel

in The Tale of the Scale: An Odyssey of Invention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158687
eISBN:
9780199849826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158687.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

By early 1988, Solly Angel already had a patent application pending and a novel design for a personal scale, and he was resolved to make New York City into his home base for the scale venture. The ... More


Mechanistic models of associative and rule-based category learning

Bradley C. Love and Marc Tomlinson

in The Making of Human Concepts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199549221
eISBN:
9780191724152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549221.003.04
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the relative merits of a variety of category learning models. These include rule-based models, prototype-based models, exemplar-based models, hybrid models, and multiple systems ... More


Conditioned Perceptions

Frank Graziano

in Wounds of Love: The Mystical Marriage of Saint Rose of Lima

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195136401
eISBN:
9780199835164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195136403.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Considers the ways in which sanctity is constructed in folklore, hagiography, iconography, and testimony taken during processes for canonization. Detailed analysis elucidates how an unrealized ideal ... More


The Antecedents and Prototypes of the System

János Kornai

in The Socialist System: The Political Economy of Communism

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287766
eISBN:
9780191596551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287763.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter begins with an outline of the Marxian image of socialism, and of the three socialist‐system prototypes: the revolutionary‐transitional system (the transition from capitalism to ... More


Cognitive Semantics

Dirk Geeraerts

in Theories of Lexical Semantics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198700302
eISBN:
9780191706288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700302.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The fifth chapter describes cognitive semantics. Cognitive semantics is the psychologically and cognitively oriented approach to semantics that developed from 1980 onwards. Innovations brought to the ... More


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