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De Memoria et Reminiscentia 1 450a10

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter offers an interpretation of the passage in De Memoria et Reminiscentia 1 which aims to show that memory does not belong to the rational capacity of the soul, but rather to what ... More


 Physical Chemistry and Economics: 1933–1937

William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski

in Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195174335
eISBN:
9780199835706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517433X.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

In response to the Nazi anti-Jewish policies, Polanyi resigned from the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute and moved to the University of Manchester in 1933. Even as he brought his work in reaction kinetics to ... More


MOLECULAR AND ATOMIC BEAMS

Norman F. Ramsey

in Molecular Beams

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520214
eISBN:
9780191706325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520214.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

A brief history of molecular beams is given along with a detailed description of a typical molecular beam experiment. Schematic diagrams and a photograph are provided. As an illustration the results ... More


Hydrogen bonded molecular complexes and compounds

Frank H. Herbstein

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds: Structures and Principles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526605
eISBN:
9780191712142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526605.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Hydrogen bonding, one of the most important secondary interactions between molecules of the same kind, is no less important among the binary adducts, and most of the same principles apply. Among the ... More


Crystal chemistry of mixed-stack π–π* molecular compounds

Frank H. Herbstein

in Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds: Structures and Principles

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526605
eISBN:
9780191712142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526605.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The room-temperature crystal structures of many mixed stack charge transfer molecular compounds can be grouped into a relatively small number of crystallochemical families. Although the mixed stack ... More


GENERALITIES, DEFINITIONS AND PRELIMINARY CLASSIFICATION

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

in The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The classical H-bond definitions by Latimer and Rodebush (1920), Pimentel (1960), and Vinogradov and Linnel (1971) are compared in the frame of the Coulson's VB formalism. The H-bond is eventually ... More


MODELLING THE H-BOND BY THERMODYNAMIC METHODS

Gastone Gilli and Paola Gilli

in The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond: Outline of a Comprehensive Hydrogen Bond Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558964
eISBN:
9780191720949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558964.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Acid-base parameters of donors (D-H) and acceptors (:A) are crucial in any D-H···:A bond in view of the hypothesis that the difference ΔPA = PA(D-) - PA(:A) or ΔpKa = pKa(D-H) - pKa(A-H+) drive ... More


Dissecting Matter

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter recounts the historical process that led to the understanding that matter is not a continuous substance, but comes in lumps. The philosophical concept of atoms, postulated by the Greek ... More


Solid state proton conductors

Rolf Hempelmann

in Quasielastic Neutron Scattering and Solid State Diffusion

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198517436
eISBN:
9780191706974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198517436.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Aliovalently doped perovskite-type oxides (e.g., SrCeO3 doped with Yb2O3) contain, for reasons of charge neutrality, oxygen vacancies and become high temperature proton conductors in the presence of ... More


The other phases of ice

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The water substance exhibits at least 13 crystalline phases. These are denoted by roman numerals such as ice II. Many are stable in particular regions of the pressure — temperature phase diagram ... More


The atom completed

Maurice Goldhaber

in A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780226284132
eISBN:
9780226284163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226284163.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Great discoveries rarely come out of the blue. The neutron has a fascinating prehistory. In the 1920s, common wisdom held that atoms were made from only two constituents: positively charged protons ... More


Animated Atom Boy

Nicholas Mee

in The Cosmic Mystery Tour

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198831860
eISBN:
9780191869785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198831860.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology, History of Physics

The concept of the atom dates back to the speculations of Democritus and other Ancient Greek philosophers, but it was only in modern times that atoms were shown to exist and physicists began to ... More


Stars

Nicholas Manton and Nicholas Mee

in The Physical World: An Inspirational Tour of Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198795933
eISBN:
9780191837111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198795933.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter gives a concise account of stellar theory. The Sun is presented as a starting point for the study of stars and a test-bed for theories of stellar structure. The Herzsprung–Russell ... More


Beyond Chemistry and Biology

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Artificial chemistries can be found in fields beyond chemistry and biology. While it is most natural to look at examples from these fields, the self-assembly of entities at different scales can be ... More


Dielectric Relaxation of Water

Udo Kaatze

in Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems: Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199686513
eISBN:
9780191766398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686513.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Dielectric relaxation of water as well as ionic and non-ionic aqueous solutions is briefly described as a basic principle of the more complex relaxation characteristics in biological systems. ... More


Bayesian reconstruction of particle beam phase space

C Nakhleh, D Higdon, C K Allen, and R Ryne

in Bayesian Theory and Applications

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199695607
eISBN:
9780191744167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695607.003.0033
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter discusses the application of Bayesian inversion methodology to reconstruct the initial phase space configuration of charged particle beams using a series of one-dimensional projection ... More


Constructing the Ring, 1968–1972

in Fermilab: Physics, the Frontier, and Megascience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226346236
eISBN:
9780226346250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346250.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter discusses the history of the construction of the accelerator rings of the National Accelerator Laboratory during the period 1968 to 1972. It explains that while Berkeley designers ... More


Hydrogen

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

in Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198525844
eISBN:
9780191780059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter is devoted to hydrogen, the simplest of the atoms. Spectroscopy of hydrogen represents one of the main methods that allowed physicists to discover the quantum world, since its simple ... More


The Perplexing Chronicles of Bioenergetics: Making a Living, Now and in the Past

Franklin M. Harold

in In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

All biological operations require the input of energy. In contemporary organisms, energy is harvested by mechanisms that are essentially electrical. Energy transduction relies on the circulation of ... More


Characterization of Natural Organic Matter by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

Jerry A. Leenheer

in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Environment Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195097511
eISBN:
9780197560853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195097511.003.0019
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

Natural organic matter (NOM) is a major intermediate in the global carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus cycles. NOM is also the environmental matrix that frequently controls binding, transport, ... More


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