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Understanding Risk and Protective Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides definitions of risk factors and protective factors against delinquency and later offending and discusses some key issues arising in risk factor research, particularly regarding ... More


Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective

Maria Scannapieco and Kelli Connell-Carrick

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195156782
eISBN:
9780199864164
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156782.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This book analyzes in a developmental context understanding, assessing, and treating child maltreatment within the ecological framework. This framework is used to help systematically organize and ... More


Racial and Ethnic Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

James Herbert Williams, Charlotte Lyn Bright, and Granger Petersen

in Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

While researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and service providers ask increasingly for solutions to the enduring problems of youth violence, key issues have gone unaddressed. For example, ... More


Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Todd I. Herrenkohl, Eugene Aisenberg, James Herbert Williams, and Jeffrey M. Jenson (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This book offers a critical appraisal of research and theory focused on violence in youth, families, and communities. Chapters examine the ways in which violence is defined and ... More


Infancy and Toddlerhood: Ecological and Developmental Assessment of Maltreatment and Intervention

Maria Scannapieco and Kelli Connell-Carrick

in Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195156782
eISBN:
9780199864164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156782.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter presents the developmental stage of infancy and toddlerhood in the context of assessment and intervention. Physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse are discussed separately and the ... More


Gender Differences in Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Youth Violence

Charlotte Lyn Bright, James Herbert Williams, and Granger Petersen

in Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

It has been posited that the juvenile justice system was designed around the needs of boys, who traditionally have constituted the majority juvenile court-involved population. As girls have become a ... More


Advances and Challenges in the Prevention of Youth Violence

Jeffrey M. Jenson

in Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Violence prevention programs in the United States have paralleled the country’s general approach to preventing adolescent problem behaviors such as delinquency, substance abuse, and school dropout. ... More


Prediction and Risk/Needs Assessments

Robert D. Hoge, Gina Vincent, and Laura Guy

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The focus of the chapter is on available knowledge regarding the prediction of early adult offending from information available during the early juvenile years. Standardized screening and assessment ... More


Adolescence: Ecological and Developmental Assessment of Maltreatment and Intervention

Maria Scannapieco and Kelli Connell-Carrick

in Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195156782
eISBN:
9780199864164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156782.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse, and the developmental consequences for each. It presents the risk and protective factors, within the ecological framework that most ... More


Middle Childhood: Ecological and Developmental Assessment of Maltreatment and Intervention

Maria Scannapieco and Kelli Connell-Carrick

in Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195156782
eISBN:
9780199864164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156782.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse, and the developmental consequences for each. It also presents the risk and protective factors, within an ecological framework that ... More


Introduction: The Need for Early Prevention

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter explains the theme of this volume, which is about saving children from a life of crime. This book aims to change national policies to focus on early childhood prevention ... More


Using Community Epidemiologic Data to Improve Social Settings: The Communities that Care Prevention System

Abigail A. Fagan, J. David Hawkins, and Richard F. Catalano

in Toward Positive Youth Development: Transforming Schools and Community Programs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195327892
eISBN:
9780199301478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327892.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter describes the Communities That Care (CTC) program using examples from 12 communities implementing CTC as part of an efficacy trial. CTC is a community-based strategy that empowers ... More


Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Persistent Female Offending: A Review of Theory and Research

Asha Goldweber, Lisa M. Broidy, and Elizabeth Cauffman

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence documenting a persistent female offender group and their characteristics. Though small, this group has some defining characteristics. Overall, the evidence shows that ... More


Early Childhood: Ecological and Developmental Assessment of Maltreatment and Intervention

Maria Scannapieco and Kelli Connell-Carrick

in Understanding Child Maltreatment: An Ecological and Developmental Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195156782
eISBN:
9780199864164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156782.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse and the developmental consequences for each. It presents the risk and protective factors within the ecological framework that most ... More


Risk and Protective Factors in the Assessment of School Bullies and Victims

Maria M. Ttofi and Peter K. Smith

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter reviews a range of risk and protective factors relevant to school bullies and victims. Building on the work by David Farrington and others, it stresses the replicated efficacy of ... More


Risk and Protective Factors Affecting Navajo Women's Drinking Patterns

Joanne McCloskey

in Drinking, Conduct Disorder, and Social Change: Navajo Experiences

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195136159
eISBN:
9780199863921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136159.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Case studies of two alcohol dependent Navajo women and two non-alcohol dependent Navajo women illustrate the risk and protective factors that affect their patterns of alcohol use throughout the life ... More


Risk Factor Illustrations

Craig A. Anderson, Douglas A. Gentile, and Katherine E. Buckley

in Violent Video Game Effects on Children and Adolescents: Theory, Research, and Public Policy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195309836
eISBN:
9780199893393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309836.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chapter 3 described theoretically how media violence can be considered a risk factor for aggression. This chapter further explores the risk factor approach, which provides the testable hypothesis ... More


Risk and Resiliency in Social Contexts

West Stevens Joyce

in Smart and Sassy: The Strengths of Inner-City Black Girls

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195121643
eISBN:
9780199865383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195121643.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter explicates the construct of resilience within historical social contexts to illuminate an evolutionary perspective of contextual stresses and the ways in which they are negotiated and ... More


Improving Community Capacity to Conduct Comprehensive Prevention Needs Assessments

Abigail A. Fagan, J. David Hawkins, Richard F. Catalano, and David P. Farrington

in Communities that Care: Building Community Engagement and Capacity to Prevent Youth Behavior Problems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190299217
eISBN:
9780190299255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190299217.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Urban and Rural Studies

Prevention science emphasizes the need for data-driven prevention, but communities often face significant challenges in determining how to collect and analyze data to inform their prevention efforts. ... More


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Jacqueline Corcoran

in Mental Health Treatment for Children and Adolescents

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195375718
eISBN:
9780199865529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375718.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

In the U.S. the prevalence rate for the diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is nearly 8%, and worldwide rates are 5%. This chapter reviews the ... More


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