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Protecting With Civilians

Daniel H. Levine

in The Morality of Peacekeeping

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748675890
eISBN:
9780748697199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748675890.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Protection of civilians is central to most contemporary peacekeeping mandates, but the first line of defence for most civilians is their own activity, or that of other formal or informal civilian ... More


The 1899 Martens Clause and the 1949 IV Geneva Convention

Helen M. Kinsella

in The Image before the Weapon: A Critical History of the Distinction between Combatant and Civilian

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449031
eISBN:
9780801460784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449031.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter gives an overview of the 1949 IV Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, which reflected the treatment of civilians during the Spanish Civil War, ... More


The Security Council and Human Rights—from Discretion to Promote to Obligation to Protect

Daphna Shraga

in Securing Human Rights?: Achievements and Challenges of the UN Security Council

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199641499
eISBN:
9780191732218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641499.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter analyses how the role of the UN Security Council in the promotion and protection of human rights developed since 1945: an organ not endowed with any specific powers in the field of human ... More


A History and Conceptual Development of the Protection of Civilians

Ralph Mamiya

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter outlines the historical evolution of civilian protection concepts. It considers key developmental drivers and explores the various modern conceptions of civilian protection, comparing ... More


Protecting Civilians: Comparing Organizational Approaches

Stian Kjeksrud, Jacob Aasland Ravndal, Andreas Øien Stensland, Cedric de Coning, and Walter Lotze

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Focusing on military activities to protect civilians, the chapter analyses the approaches taken by the UN, the EU, NATO, and the AU and finds that despite the unprecedented concern with improving the ... More


The Civilian in Modern War

Adam Roberts

in The Changing Character of War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199596737
eISBN:
9780191803543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199596737.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the widely held view that civilians are worse off in today’s wars is flawed. It explores changes in the past two centuries in the roles and perceptions of the civilian. It ... More


Protecting Civilians: The Obligations of Peacekeepers

Siobhán Wills

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199533879
eISBN:
9780191714801
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533879.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This book examines the obligations of peacekeepers and other multi-national forces to prevent serious abuses of human rights towards civilians under international humanitarian law and international ... More


Protection and Vulnerability

Daniel H. Levine

in The Morality of Peacekeeping

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780748675890
eISBN:
9780748697199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748675890.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Peacekeepers now consider “protection of civilians” to be central to their obligations – both morally and, at least since 1999, usually as a matter of their mandate. The concept of “protection” is ... More


Displacement and the Protection of Civilians under International Law

Erin Mooney

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter situates the protection of displaced persons in the broader challenge of protection of civilians, considering the place that displacement occupies in the protection agenda of the ... More


The Contribution of Human Rights to Protecting People in Conflict

Michael Keating and Richard Bennett

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the contribution of human rights to protecting people in conflict. The authors consider the link between human rights and the protection of civilians and describe human rights ... More


The Evolution of the UN Collective Security System

Haidi Willmot

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter examines changes in three key aspects of the collective security system: (a) the mechanism for determining aggression and deciding response measures; (b) the determination of threats to ... More


Protection of Civilians

Haidi Willmot, Ralph Mamiya, Scott Sheeran, and Marc Weller (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The protection of civilians is a highly topical issue, which has been at the forefront of international discourse and taken a prominent role in many international deployments during recent years. It ... More


Military Options for Preventing Atrocity Crimes

Sarah Sewall

in The Responsibility to Prevent: Overcoming the Challenges of Atrocity Prevention

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198717782
eISBN:
9780191787294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717782.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the ways in which the application of military force in atrocity situations differs from conventional military interventions. The distinctions between applying force in atrocity ... More


Legal Aspects of the Use of Force by United Nations Peacekeepers for the Protection of Civilians

Mona Ali Khalil

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter examines the evolution and raison d’être of the protection-of-civilians mandate and elaborates the legal framework governing the use of force by UN peacekeepers to protect civilians from ... More


International Responsibility for Ensuring the Protection of Civilians

Siobhán Wills

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter focuses specifically on protection obligations of UN Security Council-mandated missions, noting that civilian protection norms have developed in an ad hoc manner through a combination of ... More


The United Nations and the Protection of Civilians

Jean-Marie Guéhenno

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter questions whether the UN has effectively used the range of tools at its disposal to protect civilians in conflict and considers the role that the UN, the international community, ... More


Conclusion

Haidi Willmot, Ralph Mamiya, Scott Sheeran, and Marc Weller

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Drawing on the foregoing chapters, the conclusion offers a holistic vision of the protection of civilians, attempting to reconcile definitions, identify a cohesive legal framework, and find ... More


Community Self-protection

Aditi Gorur and Nils Carstensen

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the frequent focus on what the international community, governments, or armed groups do or fail to do to protect civilians. Yet often it is civilians themselves who do the most ... More


Security Council Diplomacy on the Protection of Civilians: A Convoluted History

Bruno Stagno Ugarte

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter tracks the practice of the Security Council in addressing the protection of civilians, presenting an ‘inside story’ of protection-of-civilians diplomacy within the Council. The chapter ... More


Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law

Jamie A Williamson

in Protection of Civilians

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198729266
eISBN:
9780191796180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729266.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The chapter notes that sixty-five years after the adoption of the Fourth Geneva Convention, the number of civilian casualties remains alarmingly high in many armed conflicts. It concludes that too ... More


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