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Prostate Cancer

Kathryn M. Wilson and Lorelei Mucci

in Textbook of Cancer Epidemiology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190676827
eISBN:
9780190676858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676827.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Prostate cancer is among the most commonly diagnosed cancers among men, ranking second in cancer globally and first in Western countries. There are marked variations in incidence globally, and its ... More


Prostate Cancer

Catherine M. Tangen, Marian L. Neuhouser, and Janet L. Stanford

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0053
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Prostate cancer is the most common solid tumor and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality in American men. Worldwide, prostate cancer ranks second and fifth as a cause of cancer and ... More


Cancer of the prostate

Fabio Levi and Carlo La Vecchia

in Tobacco: Science, policy and public health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199566655
eISBN:
9780191594410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566655.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between smoking and prostate cancer. There is now definite evidence that cigarette smoking is not a relevant risk factor for prostate cancer, even after a ... More


A life course approach to cancer epidemiology

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiologic studies have evaluated a limited number of cancer sites for risk factors over the life course. This chapter examines in utero and perinatal factors, and attempts to link these factors ... More


Urological cancer

Peter Hoskin and Wendy Makin

in Oncology for Palliative Medicine

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192628114
eISBN:
9780191730115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192628114.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses the different types of urological cancer. It begins with a discussion on bladder cancer, which occurs in over 100,000 individuals in the United Kingdom each year, affecting ... More


Cancer Screening

Jennifer M. Croswell, Russell P. Harris, and Barnett S. Kramer

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190238667
eISBN:
9780190238698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190238667.003.0063
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Screening has long been portrayed as an inherently beneficial activity that saves lives, rather than as a complex mixture of potential benefits and harms that must be carefully weighed for each ... More


 “This Little Operation”: Jewish American Physicians and Twentieth‐Century Circumcision Advocacy

Leonard B. Glick

in Marked in Your Flesh: Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195176742
eISBN:
9780199835621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019517674X.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

During the 20th century, circumcision became increasingly popular, promoted as protection against cancer of the penis, prostate, and cervix. Although Jewish-American physicians were especially ... More


Intersecting identities of age, gender and sexual orientation in gay and bisexual men’s narratives of prostate cancer

Julie Fish

in Intersections of Ageing, Gender and Sexualities: Multidisciplinary International Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781447333029
eISBN:
9781447333043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447333029.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Intersectionality brings a distinctive lens to nuanced differences in gay and bisexual (GB) men’s experiences of prostate cancer health along dimensions of age, hegemonic masculinity and sexual ... More


Day to day management of screening for public health practitioners and programme managers

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a deep appreciation of the main issues that public health practitioners regularly deal with in screening, and how to approach them. This requires not only management skills, but ... More


Bladder and genitourinary tumours

Claudio Pelucchi and Carlotta Galeone

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0029
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between alcohol consumption and the genitourinary cancers. No material association emerged between alcohol drinking and bladder cancer in a revision of about ... More


Making screening policy

Angela E. Raffle and J. A. Muir Gray

in Screening: Evidence and practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214495
eISBN:
9780191723742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214495.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter shows how resources, values, beliefs, and commercial factors all influence screening policy, and gives clear insight into some of the ethical dilemmas involved. Case histories include ... More


Complex Decisions, Complex Disclosures

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter shows that the problem caused by mandated disclosure is both intensive and extensive. It is intensive because decisions are so unfamiliar and extremely complex that considerable learning ... More


Cancer Survival Is (Mostly) Improving

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0070
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses how the 5-year survival rates for the most common cancers in the United States improved by nearly 20% since the 1970s. While promising overall, low survival rates persist for ... More


The patient presenting with malignant genitourinary pain

Florian Heid and Jürgen Jage

in Supportive Care for the Urology Patient

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198529415
eISBN:
9780191730344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529415.003.0022
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Supportive care aims to maintain or improve a patient's level of comfort and function. In attempting to achieve these goals, health-care professionals may be confronted with one of the most ... More


Aligning Clinical Practice with Best Evidence of Comparative Effectiveness: Payment Policy for Evidence-Based Medical Care

Carol M. Ashton and Nelda P. Wray

in Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evidence, Medicine, and Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199968565
eISBN:
9780199346080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199968565.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Contemporary U.S. health care is characterized by the under-use of services known to improve patients’ outcomes and the over-use of services beyond what can benefit patients. Large proportions of ... More


Public Knowledge of Benefits of Breast and Prostate Cancer Screening in Europe

Gerd Gigerenzer

in Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Making informed decisions about breast and prostate cancer screening requires knowledge of its benefits. To assess Europeans’ knowledge about the effectivity of these screenings in reducing ... More


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