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Marginal Products and Factor Proportions

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter discusses microeconomic theories of marginal products and factor proportions. It explains that factor's marginal product is the ratio of an increase in output to a small increase in ... More


Public Finance in an Asymmetric Union

Iain Mclean and Alistair McMillan

in State of the Union

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199258208
eISBN:
9780191603334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258201.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

In both the 1707 and 1800 Unions, a poor country was joined to a rich one, therefore the tax potential per head in the expanded Union declined. However, until the 1880s, governments spent money ... More


Circumstance

Joseph Pilsner

in The Specification of Human Actions in St Thomas Aquinas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286058
eISBN:
9780191603808
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286051.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A circumstance is an attendant property of an action. In murder, for instance, one might take note of the time, the type of weapon, or the perpetrator’s height. Although Aquinas in some contexts ... More


Recent Changes in Marriage Patterns 1

Guangyu Zhang and Baochang Gu

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines recent changes in age at first marriage and the proportion choosing marriage, their impact on fertility decline, and recent increases in divorce and remarriage. It provides the ... More


Duke Bluebeard's Castle: The Nietzschean Condition and Polarity of Characterizations: Diatonic‐Chromatic Extremes

Elliott Antokoletz

in Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195365825
eISBN:
9780199868865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195365825.003.0011
Subject:
Music, Opera

This chapter looks at Door V, Bluebeard's Domain, which represents the culminating point for the polarity of darkness and light, based on large-scale and local use of geometrically expanding ... More


The Dance Movement

Floyd Grave and Margaret Grave

in The String Quartets of Joseph Haydn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173574
eISBN:
9780199872152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173574.003.0006
Subject:
Music, History, Western

The quartets invariably include an interior minuet-trio complex (each of the ten early, five-movement cycles has two). Whereas a moderate, beat-marking pace prevails among earlier quartets, a trend ... More


Op. 33 (1781) and Op.42([?1784‐] 1785)

Floyd Grave and Margaret Grave

in The String Quartets of Joseph Haydn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195173574
eISBN:
9780199872152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173574.003.0012
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Celebrating the terms of a redrawn employment contract that now allowed him to sell his music directly to subscribers and publishers, Haydn boasted that the quartets of Op. 33 exemplified “a new, ... More


Egypt and Mesopotamia

Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall

in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149059
eISBN:
9781400850525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter explores the beginnings of algebra in Egypt and Mesopotamia. They are the earliest civilizations to have left written mathematical records, and they date back thousands of years. From ... More


Statistical Power Analysis

Patrick Dattalo

in Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195315493
eISBN:
9780199865475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter provides a brief description of the rationale and limitations of statistical power analysis, and presents important issues related to determining sample size for both commonly used and ... More


Worked Examples

Patrick Dattalo

in Determining Sample Size: Balancing Power, Precision, and Practicality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195315493
eISBN:
9780199865475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315493.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter demonstrates a priori sample size determination strategies presented in previous chapters. Specifically, for each procedure, minimum sample size are estimated with power analysis and ... More


Introduction

Tom W. N. Parker

in Proportional Form in the Sonnets of the Sidney Circle: Loving in Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184430
eISBN:
9780191674259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184430.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

Sonnet sequences have accrued a reputation for frivolity wherein their construction is presumed to be governed by the sensitive introspection and eloquence of a poet. But like any other art, sonnets ... More


Michael Drayton and Proportional Form: Idea and Other Poems

Tom W. N. Parker

in Proportional Form in the Sonnets of the Sidney Circle: Loving in Truth

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198184430
eISBN:
9780191674259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198184430.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This chapter discusses Michael Drayton who made explicit references to numerological symbols and proportionally governed poetic form. An admirer of Philip Sidney, Drayton from the span of his career ... More


Irrigation Technology, Agro-ecology, and Water Rights in the Mid-hills of Nepal

Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

in Controlling the Water: Matching Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Management in India and Nepal

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082927
eISBN:
9780199082247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Design of irrigation infrastructure in Farmer-managed Irrigation Systems (FMISs) is not only shaped by engineering and agronomic principles, but also strongly influenced by features of the local ... More


4. The Just War Tradition

David Fisher

in Morality and War: Can War Be Just in the Twenty-first Century?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599240
eISBN:
9780191725692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599240.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the historical origins of the just‐war tradition from Augustine/Aquinas and explains and justifies the just‐war principles governing conduct before, during, and after war. It ... More


Can Faith be Discussed?

Paul Helm

in Faith with Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256631
eISBN:
9780191698330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256631.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the thesis that religious claims can be debated and discussed in a philosophical vein in a similar way to, say, scientific or political claims. It distinguishes two broad views ... More


Faith and Virtue

Paul Helm

in Faith with Reason

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199256631
eISBN:
9780191698330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256631.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

According to the evidential proportion view, the strength of trust in an object of trust ought to be proportioned to the strength of belief. This chapter applies this view to the problem of the ... More


Physical Attractiveness

William Ickes

in Strangers in a Strange Lab: How Personality Shapes Our Initial Encounters with Others

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195372953
eISBN:
9780199893317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372953.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Among the factors that contribute to perceptions that a face is physically attractive are its overall proportion, its “averageness”/prototypically, and the presence of features which — for one's ... More


Intending Harm

Shelly Kagan

in The Limits of Morality

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The second way to characterize a constraint against harm is as a constraint against intending harm. This presupposes a distinction between harm that is intended as a means or an end, and harm that is ... More


Fools and Madmen

James W. Pardew

in Peacemakers: American Leadership and the End of Genocide in the Balkans

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813174358
eISBN:
9780813174587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813174358.003.0002
Subject:
History, Political History

Why is the fall of communism in Yugoslavia so violent when it is relatively peaceful throughout the rest of Eastern Europe? Nationalist leaders like Milosevic in Serbia disregard the lesson of ... More


The Analysis of Count Data: Poisson Model

Steve Selvin

in Statistical Analysis of Epidemiologic Data

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172805
eISBN:
9780199865697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172805.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Data consisting of counts are fundamental to the analysis of epidemiologic data. Counts come in various forms, such as numerators of rates, numerators of proportions, and values directly entered into ... More


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