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Antiretroviral treatment and care of HIV

Joep MA Lange

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The introduction of HAART is one of the great success stories of modern medicine. In fact its application in the developed world has led to striking reductions in HIV-related morbidity and mortality. ... More


The public health response to the anthrax epidemic

Philip S. Brachman

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the public health response to the anthrax epidemic in 2001. It discusses historical background, epidemiology of anthrax, terrorist use of anthrax, and evaluation of the public ... More


Biological Hazards at Work

Gregory Chan, Chung Tsing, and David Koh

in Global Occupational Health

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195380002
eISBN:
9780199893881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380002.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Biological hazards include bacteria, viruses, and parasites and other organisms for which exposure can cause occupational disease, usually infections. Such organisms are called pathogens. Other ... More


“A Beautiful Spot for a Grave”: Prophylaxis and Prevention in the Slave-Trade Contact Zones

Manuel Barcia

in The Yellow Demon of Fever: Fighting Disease in the Nineteenth-Century Transatlantic Slave Trade

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780300215854
eISBN:
9780300252019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300215854.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter grapples with a number of issues associated with how diseases associated with the slave trade were perceived across the Atlantic world, and what ideas and methods were advised and ... More


Making Strides toward Zero

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0069
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter highlights how San Francisco has made steady progress toward fulfilling its goals of achieving zero HIV deaths, zero new infections, and zero HIV stigma by 2020. These goals are aligned ... More


Condoms, Conrad, and Joyce

Thomas Jackson Rice

in Cannibal Joyce

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813032191
eISBN:
9780813038810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813032191.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

This chapter focuses on the symptom of textual prophylaxis present in the works of Joyce. In this chapter, the focus is on the use of sexual discourse by Joyce to introduce the metaphors of ... More


Reducing Cases of HIV: Implementation of Post-Exposure Prophylaxis

Jennifer N. Sayles, Mario J. Pérez, Gary P. García, and Raphael J. Landovitz

in Public Health Practice: What Works

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199892761
eISBN:
9780199301515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892761.003.0036
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for occupational exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been widely adopted in medical and occupational health settings. Yet, despite federal and state ... More


Hematic Futures

Jacob Copeman and Dwaipayan Banerjee

in Hematologies: The Political Life of Blood in India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501745096
eISBN:
9781501745102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501745096.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines in detail the differentiated nature of hematic possibility in India. It shows how this volume presents a number of ways in which blood might be considered a substance existing ... More


Tropical Medicine in Its ‘Field’: Malaria, Hookworm and the Rhetoric of the ‘Local’

in Contagion and Enclaves: Tropical Medicine in Colonial India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846318290
eISBN:
9781846317835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846317835.007
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter explores the dynamics between colonial enclaves and tropical medicine in twentieth-century India. Although British Indian medical discourse and practice accepted germ theory, miasmatic ... More


Student and Teacher

Vũ Trọng Phụng

in Luc Xì: Prostitution and Venereal Disease in Colonial Hanoi

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834678
eISBN:
9780824871642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834678.003.0009
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines the School of Sexual Prophylaxis inside the Dispensary, where brothel girls study to be good prostitutes. In this school, they are first introduced to the status of women in ... More


The Busy Physician

Sue Leaf

in A Love Affair with Birds: The Life of Thomas Sadler Roberts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675647
eISBN:
9781452947457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675647.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter describes the thriving career of Thomas Sadler Roberts as a physician in Minneapolis. After the death of his father in 1890, the forty-two year old Roberts hired a driver, John ... More


Getting to 40!: Structural Approaches in England to Reducing HIV Incidence in Men Who Have Sex with Men

W Nutland

in Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190675486
eISBN:
9780190675509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675486.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

There remains a lack of consensus about the extent to which pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) contributed to the recent dramatic and stunning declines in HIV incidence occurring in the United Kingdom. ... More


Contagious Immunity: Race, Sexuality, and the Black Venereal Body Abroad

Khary Oronde Polk

in Contagions of Empire: Scientific Racism, Sexuality, and Black Military Workers Abroad, 1898-1948

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655505
eISBN:
9781469655529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655505.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines how anxieties around race and sexuality during World War I produced overlapping projects of black masculine perfectibility and restraint within the U.S. military’s campaigns ... More


Communicable Subjects: African American Soldiers Trip the Global Color Line

Khary Oronde Polk

in Contagions of Empire: Scientific Racism, Sexuality, and Black Military Workers Abroad, 1898-1948

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781469655505
eISBN:
9781469655529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469655505.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter follows the segregated mobilization of Black military workers across the expanded playing fields of the second World War, showing how the Black body was once again rendered into a ... More


Public health consequences

Tami H. Skoff, Colin S. Brown, and Gayatri Amirthalingam

in Pertussis: Epidemiology, Immunology, and Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198811879
eISBN:
9780191850011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811879.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Although pertussis can cause morbidity and mortality across all age groups, infants are at greatest risk for severe disease, especially during the first months of life. Despite the implementation of ... More


Pre-Travel Consultation

Dom Colbert

in MCQs in Travel Medicine

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199664528
eISBN:
9780191918315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199664528.003.0010
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

The importance of a comprehensive pre-travel consultation cannot be overemphasized. Each clinic should have a detailed questionnaire that the traveller can fill out while waiting. Details of past ... More


Festivals and Rituals

Marek Tuszewicki

in A Frog Under the Tongue: Jewish Folk Medicine in Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781906764982
eISBN:
9781800853027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764982.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter covers that dimension of Jewish therapeutic practices which encompassed daily and annual rites, rituals, and customs. Among the customs and traditions mentioned in the chapter is the ... More


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