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Land Tax Reform

Hiromitsu Ishi

in The Japanese Tax System

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242566
eISBN:
9780191596452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242569.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Land tax reform was a very important policy issue related to a sharp rise in land prices beginning from the late 1980s, causing a number of land‐related problems. Main issue is to make clear the ... More


From industry taxes to corporate taxes

STEVEN A. BANK

in From Sword to Shield: The Transformation of the Corporate Income Tax, 1861 to Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195326192
eISBN:
9780199775811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326192.003.002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the transition from the Civil War era's industry-based approach to taxation, to corporate taxes. At the state level, the separate corporate tax began to emerge in the latter ... More


The roots of a corporate tax

STEVEN A. BANK

in From Sword to Shield: The Transformation of the Corporate Income Tax, 1861 to Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195326192
eISBN:
9780199775811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326192.003.001
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the roots of the corporate income tax, which can be found in the 19th century. The early taxation of corporations — generally through capital stock taxes, dividend taxes, or ... More


Supporting the British War Effort: 1939–1945

Michael Littlewood

in Taxation Without Representation: The History of Hong Kong's Troublingly Successful Tax System

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622090996
eISBN:
9789882207455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622090996.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter focuses on the War Revenue Ordinance 1940 proposed by the colonial government' to establish a system of income tax for the purpose of funding “gifts” to Britain in support of the war ... More


“Nothing but Net Profits”: Public Dollars and Tax Policy at the United Center

Sean Dinces

in Bulls Markets: Chicago's Basketball Business and the New Inequality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226583211
eISBN:
9780226583358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226583358.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 6 exposes as inaccurate the perception popular among journalists and academics that financing for the United Center consisted mostly of private funds. In fact, Reinsdorf and his partners ... More


Funding Reform

Janet G. Hudson

in Entangled by White Supremacy: Reform in World War I-era South Carolina

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125022
eISBN:
9780813135182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125022.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

The most important yet challenging reform of the post-World War I-era was perceived by the South Carolina white reformers to be tax reform. As all other reforms that concerned the expansion of state ... More


Paying for an Ever More Expensive War

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The provincial excise and land taxes had once funded Holland's underline renten. From 1572, these revenues, now called “the common means” (underline gemene middelen), were allocated to wages for ... More


Holland's Pyramid of Credit

James D. Tracy

in The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland, 1572-1588

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199209118
eISBN:
9780191706134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209118.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

As Holland's “common means” became the chief revenue of the confederate provinces, the Lords States managed to fend off efforts, by Orange and then by Leicester, to impose centralized control on ... More


Taxing Wealth

Janet G. Hudson

in Entangled by White Supremacy: Reform in World War I-era South Carolina

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125022
eISBN:
9780813135182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125022.003.0011
Subject:
History, African-American History

After the resolution of the war, the optimism expressed by South Carolina's white reformers resulted in the organization of the South Carolina Development Board. This organization justified the ... More


Tax Revolts

Campbell F. Scribner

in The Fight for Local Control: Schools, Suburbs, and American Democracy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781501700804
eISBN:
9781501704116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501700804.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter looks at the tax revolt of the late 1970s, in which states imposed statutory or constitutional restrictions on property taxes, leaving lasting scars on municipal budgets, particularly ... More


Policy-Authorizing Amendments

John Dinan

in State Constitutional Politics: Governing by Amendment in the American States

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226532783
eISBN:
9780226532950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532950.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter, the second of three chapters analyzing policy-related state constitutional amendments, examines amendments that authorize passage of public policies. The chapter chronicles the range of ... More


Paying for Housing

Peter W. G. Robson

in Housing Law in Scotland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9781845861117
eISBN:
9781474406185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781845861117.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter focuses on the issue of paying for housing in Scotland. There are four principal ways of occupying housing with different financial implications: owner occupation, private renting, ... More


State Constitutions on Religion and Taxation

Edward A. Zelinsky

in Taxing the Church: Religion, Exemptions, Entanglement, and the Constitution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190853952
eISBN:
9780190853983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190853952.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the states’ respective constitutional provisions concerning churches and taxation. These state constitutional measures mandate property tax exemption for religious properties ... More


Conclusion: Education, Inequality, and the Hidden Power of Taxes

Camille Walsh

in Racial Taxation: Schools, Segregation, and Taxpayer Citizenship, 1869-1973

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469638942
eISBN:
9781469638959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638942.003.0009
Subject:
History, African-American History

The conclusion briefly traces the repercussions of the project of taxpayer identity and legal racial liberalism in the post-Rodriguez era, looking at school financing cases at the state court level ... More


Introduction

Martin O’Neill and Shepley Orr

in Taxation: Philosophical Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199609222
eISBN:
9780191862878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199609222.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter situates philosophical discussions of taxation with reference to the strongly contrasting approaches to tax, property, and justice embodied in Robert Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopia, ... More


Pets, Death, and Taxes: The Legal Boundaries of Religion

Barbara R. Ambros

in Bones of Contention: Animals and Religion in Contemporary Japan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836269
eISBN:
9780824871512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836269.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter examines legal controversies surrounding the taxation of pet memorial rites in Japan. Between 2005 and 2008, two different regional courts in Nagoya and Tokyo grappled with the issue of ... More


The Rich Richer and the Poor Poorer: Intersectional Claims

Camille Walsh

in Racial Taxation: Schools, Segregation, and Taxpayer Citizenship, 1869-1973

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469638942
eISBN:
9781469638959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638942.003.0008
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter Seven illustrates the culmination of the tendencies toward combining demands for recognition of class and race based discrimination in the early 1970s. Among a series of other similar cases, ... More


School Finance

Lucas A. Powe Jr.

in America's Lone Star Constitution: How Supreme Court Cases from Texas Shape the Nation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520297807
eISBN:
9780520970014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297807.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the legal battles over school finance in Texas. Texas was an Anglo-ruled state with two minorities as second-class citizens: blacks and Hispanics. Hernandez v. Texas and the ... More


Educational Regulation

Robert N. Gross

in Public vs. Private: The Early History of School Choice in America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780190644574
eISBN:
9780190644604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190644574.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Chapter 3 traces the history of educational regulation in the nineteenth century. It argues that as Catholic school attendance grew in the late nineteenth century, Catholic school advocates, along ... More


Detroit’s bankruptcy: treating the symptom, not the cause

George Galster

in Why Detroit Matters: Decline, Renewal and Hope in a Divided City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447327868
eISBN:
9781447327882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327868.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

In 2013 Detroit became the largest municipality to declare bankruptcy. Unfortunately, bankruptcy does not treat the long-term cause of Detroit’s financial crisis: the ongoing fiscal death spiral ... More


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