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The Proper Way

Hagit Borer

in Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter, which serves as a general introduction to the mode of argumentation employed in the rest of this book, includes a review of some arguments for the existence of a syntactic D projection, ... More


Structuring Sense Volume I: In Name Only

Hagit Borer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263905
eISBN:
9780191718182
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263905.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book explores the difference between words however defined and structures however constructed. It sets out to demonstrate over three volumes — of which this is the first — that the explanation ... More


On Referring and Not Referring

Kent Bach

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The notions of linguistic reference and speaker reference are commonly used very loosely. In many cases what passes for reference falls short of it, and in many other cases a speaker uses an ... More


The Hierarchy of Levels and the Syntactic Priority Thesis

Richard Gaskin

in The Unity of the Proposition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199239450
eISBN:
9780191716997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239450.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers in more detail the charge of arbitrariness lodged against Frege's philosophical grammar in Chapter 3. Frege conceives expressions and their referents to be arranged in ... More


Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Alvin Plantinga

Matthew Davidson (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a collection of my essays, dating from 1969, concerning the metaphysics of modality. The first two chapters are a defense of the idea of modality de re against criticisms from William ... More


Language and Context

Eros Corazza

in Reflecting the Mind: Indexicality and Quasi-Indexicality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270187
eISBN:
9780191601484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927018X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Discusses indexicals and proper names and the different ways in which their use relies on context to fix their reference. This exercise will illustrate how our linguistic practice rests on context, ... More


Sinning Against Frege (1979)

TYLER BURGE

in Truth, Thought, Reason: Essays on Frege

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199278534
eISBN:
9780191706943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278534.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Frege's claims about indexicals, and to a lesser extent proper names, makes it clear that his notion of sense is different from what is now ordinarily understood as linguistic meaning; both communal ... More


The Proper Name and the Definite Description Theories

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231195
eISBN:
9780191710810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231195.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter examines the Proper Name and Definite Description Theories. According to Quine and Tarski, quotations lack semantic structure (their position is often misleadingly called the “Proper ... More


The Nature of Necessity

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a study of the concept of necessity. In the first three chapters, I clarify and defend the distinction between modality de re and modality de dicto. Also, I show how to explain de re ... More


Direct Reference and Dancing Qualia

John Hawthorne

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that there is a tension in the semantic views held by certain antiphysicalists. These philosophers accept Fregean arguments against direct-reference theories of ordinary proper ... More


Phonological and Cultural Innovations in the Speech of Samoans in Southern California

Alessandro Duranti and Jennifer F. Reynolds

in Beyond Yellow English: Toward a Linguistic Anthropology of Asian Pacific America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195327359
eISBN:
9780199870639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327359.003.0014
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Bilingualism is a concept that relies on a variety of theoretical constructs, including the notions of “language,” “speakers,” and “community.” Subjecting these key notions to empirical and ... More


The Boethian Compromise

Alvin Plantinga

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Modality

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103762
eISBN:
9780199833573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103769.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Fregean view of proper names is that proper names express properties. I begin the essay by pointing out the inadequacies of anti‐Fregean views with respect to puzzles presented by empty proper ... More


Nominal Structure

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Personal pronouns and proper names are inherently grounded. The structure of other nominals tends to reflect semantic function, with the head noun as core, grounding as the outermost layer, and ... More


Names, Titles, and Other Possibilities

Matthew V. Novenson

in Christ among the Messiahs: Christ Language in Paul and Messiah Language in Ancient Judaism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199844579
eISBN:
9780199933075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844579.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter addresses the question whether the word “Christ” in Paul is used as a title or as a proper name. It is argued, against current majority opinion, that it is not the case that titles have ... More


Proper Names I: The Nominal Description Theory

Kent Bach

in Thought and Reference

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240778
eISBN:
9780191680267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240778.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

No doctrines in 20th-century philosophy have met with more unwarranted abuse than Russell's theory of descriptions and his description theory of ordinary proper names. Chapter 5 addressed the main ... More


Et tu, ‘Brute’?

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers demonstratives and proper names. It begins by arguing for a semantically unified treatment of demonstratives on which they are specific existentials (like specific indefinites ... More


Existence

Michael Dummett

in The Seas of Language

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236214
eISBN:
9780191597350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236212.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Frege saw existence as a second‐level concept and ascribed it to first‐level concepts, rather than to individual objects. Frege's solution encounters difficulties with the statements involving either ... More


Defaults for Definite Descriptions

K.M. Jaszczolt

in Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261987
eISBN:
9780191718656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261987.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter discusses the three readings of definite descriptions: default referential, non-default referential, and attributive. It contains the merger representations for utterances containing ... More


Lecture II, 7

David Langslow

in Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax: With Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198153023
eISBN:
9780191715211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0058
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In this chapter nominal forms — nouns (or substantives) and adjectives — as parts of speech as considered by Wakermagel are considered. Lecture 6 discusses and illustrates in turn the use of ... More


Introduction: reference and singular thought

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

The discovery of the twin categories of reference and singular thought is widely felt to be one of the landmark achievements of twentieth-century analytic philosophy. On the one hand there is the ... More


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