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Statistical Alternatives and Supplements to Random Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the following alternatives and complements to RA in terms of their assumptions, implementations, strengths, and weaknesses: (1) constructed comparison group; (2) propensity ... More


Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


Propensity score matching and longitudinal research designs: counterfactual analysis using longitudinal data

Sean A P Clouston

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Counterfactual analysis attempts to replicate the circumstances of a randomized controlled trial using observational data. Though largely limited to cross-sectional data, recent work has begun to ... More


Matching

Myoung-Jae Lee

in Micro-Econometrics for Policy, Program and Treatment Effects

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199267699
eISBN:
9780191603044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267693.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

If the treatment (T) and control (C) groups are different in observed variables x, then the difference in outcome y cannot be attributed to the difference in the treatment. The obvious solution is to ... More


The Possible Futures of CDM and Evidence-Based Practice

Irwin Epstein

in Clinical Data-Mining: Integrating Practice and Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335521
eISBN:
9780199777433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335521.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter presents some personal thoughts about future possibilities for CDM based upon current involvement as a research consultant and as a social work doctoral faculty member. It briefly ... More


Advances in Quasi-experimental Methods

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0015
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

Although the primacy of the randomized experiment is often thought of as sacrosanct, in education research—and in music education research in particular—random assignment is often unachievable, ... More


Matching

Myoung-jae Lee

in Matching, Regression Discontinuity, Difference in Differences, and Beyond

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190258733
eISBN:
9780190258771
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190258733.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

If treatment and control groups differ in observed covariates X, then the difference in outcome Y cannot be attributed to the difference in the treatment D. One solution is to compare individuals ... More


Methodology and Econometric Challenges

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, a non-technical explanation of the empirical approach to assess the differences between individuals with ADHD and non-ADHD individuals is presented. The applied methodology is ... More


Baseline Results

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In this chapter, the baseline results obtained when using ‘nearest neighbour’ propensity score matching are presented. The overall findings suggest that individuals with ADHD (the treatment groups) ... More


Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne-Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The rapid increase in recent years in the number of children and adults diagnosed with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) raises a number of questions. It is unclear whether the increase ... More


Quasi-experiments and Heavy-up Experiments in Social Marketing

W. Douglas Evans

in Social Marketing Research for Global Public Health: Methods and Technologies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199757398
eISBN:
9780190226022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757398.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Use of natural experiments and other quasi-experimentation techniques such as heavy-up studies and propensity score matching are growing outcome evaluation approaches in social marketing. Natural ... More


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