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 Evolution of the DNA World and the Chance Events That Accompanied It: More about Complexity

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

First life-forms appeared at least as early as 3.5 billion years ago in the form of prokaryotes. Some of these species developed oxygenic photosynthesis, which resulted in the presence of oxygen gas ... More


Dollo parsimony and the reconstruction of genome evolution

Igor B. Rogozin, Yuri I. Wolf, Vladimir N. Babenko, and Eugene V. Koonin

in Parsimony, Phylogeny, and Genomics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297306
eISBN:
9780191713729
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297306.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Dollo parsimony method is based on the assumption that a complex character that has been lost during evolution of a particular lineage cannot be regained. When applicable, this principle leads to ... More


Prokaryotes Take Center Stage

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The previous 50 years had been devoted in large part to discovering the nature of the gene through studies of its function, mutation, and recombination. What was there for geneticists to learn after ... More


Prokaryotes: Later Contributions

Rowland H. Davis

in The Microbial Models of Molecular Biology: From Genes to Genomes

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195154368
eISBN:
9780199893935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154368.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

After the genetic code had been defined fully (by 1963), some believed that it was all over. This feeling signified only that the goals of many up to that time had been so narrowly conceived that ... More


Levels of life and death

T. Gánti

in The Principles of Life

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198507260
eISBN:
9780191584886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507260.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter introduces some of the concepts central to Génti's main argument, and illustrates how the core problem of the nature of the living state applies at many levels of life. Topics discussed ... More


Prokaryotic Epigenetic Inheritance and Its Role in Evolutionary Genetics

Luisa Hirschbein

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0037
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines epigenetic inheritance in prokaryotes and its role in evolutionary genetics. It first characterizes epigenetic variations in prokaryotic biology and discusses the mechanisms of ... More


The First Minds: Caterpillars, Karyotes, and Consciousness

Arthur S. Reber

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190854157
eISBN:
9780190854188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854157.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The book presents a novel theory of the origins of mind and consciousness dubbed the Cellular Basis of Consciousness (CBC). It argues that sentience emerged with life itself. The most primitive ... More


Ecology Emergent

John L. Culliney and David Jones

in The Fractal Self: Science, Philosophy, and the Evolution of Human Cooperation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824866617
eISBN:
9780824875763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824866617.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Ever since life’s debut on the earth, biotic evolution has been a near-balancing act. On virtually every level, competition and cooperation, shifting endlessly between foreground and background, have ... More


Cells, Bodies, and Brains

Arlindo Oliveira

in The Digital Mind: How Science is Redefining Humanity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262036030
eISBN:
9780262338394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036030.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence

This chapter describes evolution as a long-running algorithm that has designed all species on Earth. Evolution, a process discovered by Charles Darwin, has been working for more than four billion ... More


In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Franklin M. Harold

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The discovery of how the machinery of life works, and how it is constructed, is one of the glories of 20th century science. By contrast, we know little of the origin and evolution of cells and their ... More


Introduction

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter introduces the field of microbial ecology and some terms used in the rest of the book. Microbial ecology, which is the study of microbes in natural environments, is important for several ... More


Alarmones

Antonio Lazcano, Arturo Becerra, and Luis Delaye

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the significance of alarmones, analogous to plant and animal hormones. It considers the remarkable conservation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), a social hormone ... More


Introduction

David L. Kirchman

in Processes in Microbial Ecology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

The goal of this chapter is to introduce the field of microbial ecology and some terms used in the rest of the book. Microbial ecology, which is the study of microbes in natural environments, is ... More


Where We Get Serious: The Cellular Basis of Consciousness

Arthur S. Reber

in The First Minds: Caterpillars, Karyotes, and Consciousness

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190854157
eISBN:
9780190854188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854157.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

First, the chapter examines the research methods used in the past to look for the evolutionary origins of other forms, functions, and behaviors—specifically vision, memory, and affect. We find that ... More


Effects of Ocean Acidification on the Diversity and Activity of Heterotrophic Marine Microorganisms

Markus G. Weinbauer and Xavier Mari

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Microbe-mediated processes are crucial for biogeochemical cycles and the functioning of marine ecosystems (Azam and Malfatti 2007 ). If these processes are affected by ocean acidification, major ... More


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