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Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Alan Thomas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book seeks to further the debate between ‘cognitivists’ and ‘non-cognitivists’ about the possibility and the nature of moral knowledge. The book is divided into four parts. Part I presents the ... More


A Critique of Expressivism

Alan Thomas

in Value and Context: The Nature of Moral and Political Knowledge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198250173
eISBN:
9780191604072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250177.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the expressive/projective strategy, which covers a family of views with interrelated common themes. The two most highly developed themes, norm expressivism (defended by Allan ... More


Ontological Reductionism

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The concepts of the previous chapter are applied to projectivism. The metaphysical content of projective sentences is given by the presence of internal attitudes but this content is no part of the ... More


Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Alan Weir

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This book defends an anti-platonist philosophy of mathematics derived from game formalism. Classic formalists claimed implausibly that mathematical utterances are truth-valueless moves in a game. ... More


 Objectification

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The above account of natural modalities is forbiddingly subjectivistic; these modalities are explained only relative to a doxastic state, a ranking function. This chapter explores the extent to which ... More


Projectivism without Error

Andy Egan

in Perceiving the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195386196
eISBN:
9780199866748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386196.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that a theory according to which some of the content of perception is self-locating gives us the resources to cash out the central thought behind projectivism, without having to ... More


The Definition of Causation

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0028
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Hume offers two definitions of causation. These are neither cointensive nor coextensive. This chapter surveys some attempts to reconcile them before dissolving the problem altogether. Since causation ... More


Moral Realism

Geoffrey Sayre-McCord

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the attractions, problems, and prospects of moral realism. Special attention is given to Moore’s Open Question Argument, internalism, noncognitivism, and error theories. The ... More


Sensibility Theory and Projectivism

Justin D'Arms and Daniel Jacobson

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the debate between contemporary projectivists or expressivists (such as Simon Blackburn and Allan Gibbard), and the advocates of sensibility theory (most notably John McDowell ... More


Moral Error Theory: History, Critique, Defence

Jonas Olson

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701934
eISBN:
9780191771620
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701934.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book examines moral error theory of the kind advocated by J. L. Mackie. Part I (History) gives a historical background to the debate. The moral error theories of David Hume and of some more or ... More


Phenomenal Concepts and the Explanatory Gap

Derk Pereboom

in Consciousness and the Prospects of Physicalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199764037
eISBN:
9780199895243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764037.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 2 considers an important objection to the response to the knowledge argument developed in Chapter 1: it misconstrues the nature of our paradigmatic phenomenal concepts. In the response, I ... More


Colour Eliminativism

Barry Maund

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that, with certain qualifications, the right theory of colour is a form of eliminativism. The first qualification is that the subject of colour is complex, and an adequate theory ... More


The “Common Task”

George M. Young

in The Russian Cosmists: The Esoteric Futurism of Nikolai Fedorov and His Followers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199892945
eISBN:
9780199950577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892945.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses in more detail Fedorov’s thought as presented in his major work, The Philosophy of the Common Task. Focus is on the project of resurrecting the dead, in its radical aspects and ... More


Essays in Moral Skepticism

Richard Joyce

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198754879
eISBN:
9780191819865
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198754879.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral skepticism is the view that there is no such thing as moral knowledge. One form of skepticism (error theory) holds that moral judgments are all false. Another holds that moral judgments are ... More


Dispositions and Chance

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Knowledge and Conditionals: Essays on the Structure of Inquiry

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198810346
eISBN:
9780191847332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810346.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter develops a suggestion of Nelson Goodman that one should see the problem of explaining dispositional predicates and the problem of constructing an adequate theory of confirmation as ... More


Modality—Fundamental and Irreducible

Hale Bob

in Necessary Beings: An Essay on Ontology, Modality, and the Relations Between Them

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199669578
eISBN:
9780191765186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669578.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Can modal propositions be analysed or paraphrased in non-modal terms? Even if such a conceptual reduction is not possible, can an ontological reduction be given, reducing modal facts to facts of some ... More


Introduction

Jonas Olson

in Moral Error Theory: History, Critique, Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701934
eISBN:
9780191771620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701934.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter gives a rationale and a brief overview of the book. It is argued that moral projectivism is congenial to moral error theory. Moral projectivism is, however, compatible with a variety of ... More


Hume: Projectivist, Realist, and Error Theorist

Jonas Olson

in Moral Error Theory: History, Critique, Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780198701934
eISBN:
9780191771620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701934.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that while Hume believes both that morality is grounded in our ordinary moral practices, sentiments, and beliefs, and that moral properties are real, he also holds that ordinary ... More


Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn

Robert N. Johnson and Michael Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198723172
eISBN:
9780191789717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723172.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Best known to the general public for his attempts to make philosophy accessible to those with little or no formal training, Simon Blackburn’s reputation in academic circles is based on a lifetime ... More


Introduction to Part II

Jody Azzouni

in Ontology Without Borders

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190622558
eISBN:
9780190622589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190622558.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A chapter-by-chapter summary of part II is given. Object projectivism, the position argued for in part II, is described in general. Individuation conditions and location conditions are characterized, ... More


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