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Evidence, Inference and Enquiry

Philip Dawid, William Twining, and Mimi Vasilaki (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264843
eISBN:
9780191754050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264843.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Methodology and Statistics

Evidence — its nature and interpretation — is the key to many topical debates and concerns such as global warming, evolution, the search for weapons of mass destruction, DNA profiling, and ... More


Econometric methods: A review

Anthony Garratt, Kevin Lee, M. Hashem Pesaran, and Yongcheol Shin

in Global and National Macroeconometric Modelling: A Long-Run Structural Approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199296859
eISBN:
9780191603853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199296855.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter briefly reviews the econometric methods needed for the empirical analysis of cointegrating VAR models and the associated impulse response functions, including new materials (on the ... More


Double-Diffusive Convection

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter discusses double-diffusive convection, with a particular focus on the initial instability and eventual nonlinear evolution. It first considers the “salt-fingering” instability and then ... More


Overview of Youth-Led Community Organizing

Melvin Delgado and Lee Staples

in Youth-Led Community Organizing: Theory and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195182767
eISBN:
9780199865192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182767.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Children and Families

This chapter begins with discussions of the importance of the youth to a nation, the socio-demographic profile of the youth in the United States, and youth organizing. It then discusses the book’s ... More


Welfare state reform and restructuring

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter puts the book into the context of the contemporary discussion on welfare state reform, and reflects on major concepts and guiding notions, such as retrenchment, re-calibration, and ... More


Working in a Federal Agency: Social Ostracism and Discrimination

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

King explains how segregated race relations, tolerated by the federal government, facilitated discrimination and inequality of treatment for Black Americans in federal departments and agencies. He ... More


New Social Risks in Old Welfare States

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The introduction discusses the idea of a mature welfare state, and shows that the welfare state of the 1970s can be regarded as mature basically because few, if any, major changes have occurred since ... More


From Platform Declarations to Policy Outcomes: Changing Party Profiles and Partisan Influence Over Policy

Miki L. Caul and Mark M. Gray

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines whether the role of parties in policy‐making has changed substantially since the 1950s. The chapter uses data from the Comparative Manifestos Project and aggregate policy measures to assess ... More


Constructions: Descriptive Factors

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Constructions are characterized in terms of four basic factors: correspondences, profiling, elaboration, and constituency. Correspondences are the basis for semantic and grammatical integration; they ... More


Launching Knowledge Retention Initiatives: Principles for Action

David W. DeLong

in Lost Knowledge: Confronting the Threat of an Aging Workforce

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195170979
eISBN:
9780199789719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170979.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter provides an outline of how to start implementing knowledge retention programs. It illustrates the uses of a risk assessment or a knowledge audit, as well as an attrition profile and ... More


Microrealization

Sydney Shoemaker

in Physical Realization

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If physicalism is true, all property instances must be realized in microphysical states of affairs. Microphysical states of affairs will fall into types having causal profiles, and when a property ... More


Metaphysical Applications

Sydney Shoemaker

in Physical Realization

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199214396
eISBN:
9780191706738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214396.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that there can be coincident entities, numerically different things, having different persistence conditions, that are composed of exactly the same micro-entities. This means that ... More


The reconstruction of momentum density

N. K. Hansen

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes how the three-dimensional electron density distribution can be reconstructed from measured one-dimensional projections (the directional Compton profiles) by the Fourier-Bessel ... More


PHASE-TRANSITION PROBLEMS

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Phase transitions with sharp interfaces are interpreted as segmentation problems, and are approximated with perturbations of non-convex energies (gradient theory of phase transitions). The ... More


Likelihood

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter is an overview of likelihood and maximum likelihood. Likelihood forms the fundamental link between models and data in the Bayesian framework. In addition, maximum likelihood is a widely ... More


Compton scattering and the allied techniques

N. Shiotani, H. M. Fretwell, and M. J. Cooper

in X-Ray Compton Scattering

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter places the work presented in the previous chapters on the electron momentum density and band structure in condensed matter in the context of other probes. Specifically, studies by ... More


BROADENING OF SPECTRAL LINES

Takashi Fujimoto

in Plasma Spectroscopy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530282
eISBN:
9780191713149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530282.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The Doppler broadening, the natural broadening, and the quasi-static broadening are introduced. The last broadening is due to the Stark effect in the Holtsmark micro-field with the Debye shielding. ... More


Who’s Coming Home?: A Profile of Returning Prisoners

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides a profile of returning prisoners and presents data on the demographic and crime profiles of returning prisoners. It discusses race and gender, literacy and education, physical ... More


Complex Sentences

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The distinction between coordination and subordination is not clear-cut. The essence of coordination is the mental juxtaposition of structures construed as parallel and co-equal. Subordination has a ... More


Shape from Profiles

Roberto Cipolla and Kwan-Yee K. Wong

in Images and Artefacts of the Ancient World

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262962
eISBN:
9780191734533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262962.003.0014
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This chapter discusses profiles or outlines which are dominant features of images. Profiles can be extracted easily and reliably from the images and can provide information on the shape and motion of ... More


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