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Introduction

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Disciplines in the Making: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567874
eISBN:
9780191721649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567874.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This introductory chapter outlines the strategy of the book as a whole. This book is an investigation of the different conceptions that have been entertained in eight major areas of human experience: ... More


Epilogue: A Reconstructive Summary

Mihnea C. Moldoveanu and Roger L. Martin

in The Future of the MBA: Designing the Thinker of the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195340143
eISBN:
9780199851775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340143.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter reconstructs, in a compact form, the arguments pointed out in this book. It explains that the MBA has a significant, demonstrable, and robust value to prospective employers as a ... More


The Joy of Philosophy: Thinking Thin versus the Passionate Life

Robert C. Solomon

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165401
eISBN:
9780199870103
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165403.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The Joy of Philosophy: Thinking Thin and the Passionate Life is a return to some of the perennial questions of philosophy, questions about the meaning of life, about death and tragedy, about the ... More


 The Transformation of the Pastoral Ministry

Amy Nelson Burnett

in Teaching the Reformation: Ministers and Their Message in Basel, 1529-1629

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305760
eISBN:
9780199784912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305760.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In the century after the Reformation, Basel’s clergy gradually met the criteria of professionalization. Central to this transformation was the church’s control over the education and appointment of ... More


The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Jens Borchert and Jürgen Zeiss (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Professional politicians have increasingly come under public attack in most democratic countries, yet they have received surprisingly little systematic attention in political science. This is the ... More


Parties in Contemporary Democracies: Problems and Paradoxes

Juan J. Linz

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Juan Linz examines the same theme of anti‐party sentiments among citizens in contemporary democracies as did the previous chapter, but from an entirely different perspective. He starts by looking at ... More


Political Parties as Campaign Organizations

David M. Farrell and Paul Webb

in Parties Without Partisans: Political Change in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253098
eISBN:
9780191599026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253099.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Considers the organizational consequences for parties of the professionalization of election campaigning. This process has gone through three main stages, from pre‐modern, through the TV‐dominated ... More


Recruitment into the European Parliament

Pippa Norris

in The European Parliament, National Parliaments, and European Integration

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296607
eISBN:
9780191599620
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296606.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter continues the theme of looking beyond institutional structures and formal rules to the abilities, skills, and experiences of individuals in order to gain a fuller picture of the ... More


Professional Politicians: Towards a Comparative Perspective

Jens Borchert

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

If we are to compare professional politicians in different political systems, we need a conceptual tool that enables us to study functionally equivalent structures and patterns of behaviour in vastly ... More


Denmark: Professionalism in an Egalitarian Political Culture

Torben K. Jensen

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Denmark's egalitarian political culture stresses the values of participation, equality, and a strong civil society – traits that may be detrimental to the development of a class of professional ... More


Finland: From Political Amateurs to Political Class

Ilkka Ruostetsaari

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In historical perspective, the history of Finland's political class is one of gradual growth. Parliamentary salaries and public party financing were established before 1967, thus laying the ... More


Great Britain: From the Prevalence of the Amateur to the Dominance of the Professional Politician

Uwe Jun

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter shows the professionalization of the political class in Great Britain, a country that until the early 1970s was dominated by the amateur politician. Both major parties in Britain, the ... More


Professional Boundaries and the Diffusion of Innovation

Louise Fitzgerald and Sue Dopson

in Knowledge to Action?: Evidence-Based Health Care in Context

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199259014
eISBN:
9780191718113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259014.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management

This chapter examines the impact of professional boundaries as an important aspect of context on the career of EBHC initiatives. In particular, it discusses the role of professional power and ... More


Norway: Professionalization—Party-oriented and Constituency-based

Hanne Marthe Narud

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter discusses the political professionalization of the Norwegian Storting, its main focus being on the various institutional constraints of Norwegian MPs and on the importance of the ... More


Switzerland: The Militia Myth and Incomplete Professionalization

Reto Wiesli

in The Political Class in Advanced Democracies: A Comparative Handbook

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260362
eISBN:
9780191601873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260362.003.0020
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Four features are highly valued in Switzerland's political system and political culture: the militia principle, direct democracy, federalism, and consociationalism. These factors also have a strong ... More


System Reform

Emilie M. Hafner-Burton

in Making Human Rights a Reality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155357
eISBN:
9781400846283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155357.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter considers areas where reforms could make the international human rights legal system more effective and influential. In particular, it examines just what kinds of reforms are achievable ... More


Professionalism

Matthew Gill

in Accountants' Truth: Knowledge and Ethics in the Financial World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199547142
eISBN:
9780191720017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547142.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter illustrates how accountants' conception of professionalism has been eroded both by the idea of the accountant as a technical expert, and by the competing imperative of commercialism in ... More


The Paradoxical Consequences of Success

Nancy Whittier

in The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotions, Social Movements, and the State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325102
eISBN:
9780199869350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325102.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter returns to the question of activists' engagement with the state, examining the different forms that movement organizations' relationships with state authorities took during the 1990s and ... More


The Communion of Women: Missions and Gender in Colonial Africa and the British Metropole

Elizabeth E. Prevost

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570744
eISBN:
9780191722097
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570744.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

From the 1860s to 1920s many British women followed a call to the African mission field of the Anglican church. This form of Christian feminism promoted white women's distinct ability to emancipate ... More


Institutionalization and Professionalization

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 3, ‘Institutionalization and Professionalization’, examines the institutional setting of the five scholars' activities and investigates their role in the professionalization and ... More


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