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Efficiency and Productivity: Malmquist and More

Rolf Färe, Shawna Grosskopf, and Dimitri Margaritis

in The Measurement of Productive Efficiency and Productivity Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195183528
eISBN:
9780199870288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183528.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter provides a link between the efficiency issues raised in Chapters 1-3 of this volume and the traditional measures of productivity and productivity growth. One of the key insights this ... More


The Role of Agriculture in Development

Mukesh Eswaran and Ashok Kotwal

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

As countries develop, their labor force shifts from agriculture to industry and services, and in the process, the well-being of the people improves. This essay sheds some light on the economic logic ... More


Fabricant's Laws

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In a study of fifty US manufacturing industries over some 40 years, Fabricant found that labour productivity grew faster where output grew faster, and wage costs per unit of output grew more slowly, ... More


Productivity and Skill Change

Edward N. Wolff

in Does Education Really Help?: Skill, Work, and Inequality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189964
eISBN:
9780199850792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189964.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter focuses on the third of the book's four paradoxes. It looks at the relationship of skills, education, and computerization to productivity growth and other indicators of technological ... More


The Slow‐Down in Productivity Growth After 1973

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The build‐up in inflationary pressures in many countries in the late 1960s exploded with the commodity boom and oil shock of 1973. Why did the ensuing wide swings from inflation to deflation result ... More


External Liberalization, Economic Performance, and Distribution in Latin America and Elsewhere

Lance Taylor

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Economic policy in developing and post‐socialist economies during the last 10–15 years of the 20th century had one dominating theme: packages aimed at liberalizing the balance of payments, on both ... More


Verdoorn's and Kaldor's Laws

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Labour productivity has grown at different rates in similar industries in different countries. Verdoorn suggested that this could be explained by faster rates of growth of output leading to economies ... More


Total Factor Productivity

R. C. O. Matthews, C. H. Feinstein, and J. C. Odling‐Smee

in British Economic Growth 1856-1973: The Post-War Period in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284536
eISBN:
9780191596629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284535.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The rates of growth of total factor input (TFI) and total factor productivity (TFP) are the “sources” of output growth only in a proximate sense. Despite their imperfections, these concepts remain a ... More


Factor Allocation and Productivity Growth: Some Views from Team Level

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

There are two principal topics in this section: factor allocation and productivity growth in the perspective of teams, which are both central to the study of rural development. Supporting the ... More


R&D and firm performance

Albert N. Link and Donald S. Siegel

in Innovation, Entrepreneurship, and Technological Change

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199268825
eISBN:
9780191699290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268825.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

As discussed in Chapter 3, investments in R&D are positively related to total factor productivity (TFP) or productivity growth. Stated differently, empirical studies have consistently found a ... More


Learning and Productivity Change in Developing Countries *

Gerald K. Helleiner (ed.)

in Trade Policy, Industrialization, and Development: New Perspectives

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198283591
eISBN:
9780191684456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198283591.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on learning and technical change in manufacturing. It examines some of the major findings on firm-level technical change in less-developed country (LDC) manufacturing and ... More


Why Has Post-reform Growth Been Disappointing?

Juan Carlos Moreno-Brid and Jaime Ros

in Development and Growth in the Mexican Economy: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371161
eISBN:
9780199870608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371161.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 10 discusses the growth slowdown of the Mexican economy during the reform and postreform periods. After reviewing the role of international trade integration, productivity growth and human ... More


The Contribution of Information Technology to the Rapid Economic Growth of Singapore

POH KAM WONG

in Information Technology, Productivity, and Economic Growth: International Evidence and Implications for Economic Development

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243983
eISBN:
9780191697319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243983.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Singapore has undergone a great deal of economic growth since it gained political independence in 1959, and this is made evident through their 8.4% per annum real GDP growth, and how the country's ... More


Growth Facts

Maurice FitzGerald Scott

in A New View of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287421
eISBN:
9780191596872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287429.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The stylized facts of growth are that the rate of growth of output and employment, the shares of wages and profits in income, and the rate of return to investment, are all constant. It greatly ... More


Aggregate Productivity Growth: Lessons from Microeconomic Evidence

Lucia Foster, John Haltiwanger, and C. J. Krizan (eds)

in New Developments in Productivity Analysis

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226360621
eISBN:
9780226360645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226360645.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter seeks to synthesize and extend the emerging literature on the connection between micro- and aggregate productivity growth dynamics. It focuses primarily on the empirical findings and ... More


Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Robert C. Allen

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book traces the shift from medieval to modern institutions in English agriculture. It explores their importance for productivity growth, income distribution, and the contribution of agriculture ... More


An Analysis of High and Low Growth Rates †

Richard M. Goodwin

in Chaotic Economic Dynamics

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283355
eISBN:
9780191596315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283350.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Considers aspects of high, medium, and low growth, seeking to explain differences in cross‐country growth. The model from the previous chapter is employed as a base but the innovation rate is now ... More


R&D Strategy and Firm Performance: What Is the Long-Run Impact of Persistent R&D?

Hans Lööf, Börje Johansson, Martin Andersson, and Charlie Karlsson

in Innovation and Growth: From R&D Strategies of Innovating Firms to Economy-wide Technological Change

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646685
eISBN:
9780191748998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646685.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

There are systematic long-run differences in the performance of firms. This chapter argues that such persistent performance gaps can be explained by the fact that firms employ different ... More


The Interwar Economy in a Secular Perspective

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter places the interwar experience in the context of economic growth in the 20th century. The story starts with a description of living standards in the 1890s and goes on to describe the ... More


The Impact of Financial Liberalization and the Rise of Financial Rents on Income Inequality: The Case of Turkey

A. Erinc Yeldan

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This is the third of five country case studies on income inequality, and investigates the impact of financial liberalization and the rise of financial rents on income inequality in Turkey. The ... More


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