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Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence

David Benatar

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199296422
eISBN:
9780191712005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296422.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book argues for a number of related, highly provocative views: (i) coming into existence is always a serious harm; (ii) procreation is always wrong; (iii) it is wrong not to abort foetuses at ... More


Procreation and Parenthood: The Ethics of Bearing and Rearing Children

David Archard and David Benatar (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590704
eISBN:
9780191595547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590704.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book offers new and original chapters on the ethics of procreation and parenthood. The introduction provides an overview of the current debates in this area. In his chapter, Tim Bayne evaluates ... More


The Teleological Ordering of the Family

Brent Waters

in The Family in Christian Social and Political Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271962
eISBN:
9780191709883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271962.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes the normative contours of the family with respect to its teleological and eschatological orientation toward broader spheres of social and political affinities. The principal ... More


Schopenhauer's Addendum on Homosexuality

Bryan Magee

in The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Schopenhauer wrote candidly about sex at a time when almost nobody did. He saw consideration of it as the means of reproduction whereby human beings come into existence as inescapable for ... More


“Famous” Fetuses in Rabbinic Narratives

Gwynn Kessler

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This chapter examines rabbinic narratives about fetuses recorded in compilations dating from the third through the tenth centuries CE. Instead of placing these traditions within the context of ... More


 At Home in Christ: Living as Citizen‐Households

Jana Marguerite Bennett

in Water Is Thicker than Blood: An Augustinian Theology of Marriage and Singleness

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195315431
eISBN:
9780199872022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315431.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter examines the Household of God and smaller households by looking more specifically at how members of those households ought to live in this “in‐between” time. This chapter considers, ... More


Sterility and Death

Adam G. Cooper

in Life in the Flesh: An Anti-Gnostic Spiritual Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546626
eISBN:
9780191720208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546626.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

It is ironic that the culture which embraced voluntary sterility via contraception is now facing a large-scale crisis of involuntary sterility. Moral objections to contraception consistently identify ... More


 Shinto and Celibacy

C. Scott Littleton

in Celibacy and Religious Traditions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306316
eISBN:
9780199867721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Shinto, an indigenous religion of Japan, is opposed to celibacy because the religion represents a celebration of life and procreation. An exception is found with virgins (miko), who assist priests.


Bearing Children in Wrongful Life Cases

David DeGrazia

in Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

After introducing two terrible genetic conditions and the concept of wrongful life, the chapter explores the ethics of wrongful life cases with considerable attention to conceptual issues that bear ... More


Destructive Desire: Sexual Themes and Same‐Sex Relations in Genesis A

David Clark

in Between Medieval Men: Male Friendship and Desire in Early Medieval English Literature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199558155
eISBN:
9780191721342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558155.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature

The sixth chapter investigates how homosocial bonds are constructed in the Old English poetic version of the biblical book of Genesis, starting with the treatment of the Sodomites in Genesis A and ... More


Libertarian Theories of Intergenerational Justice

Hillel Steiner and Peter Vallentyne

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter discusses and assesses various libertarian positions on intergenerational justice. The implications of the following issues are examined: various provisos on appropriation (and thus ... More


Legally Straight: Sexuality, Childhood, and the Cultural Value of Marriage

Joe Rollins

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780814775981
eISBN:
9781479803842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814775981.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

Legally Straight offers a critical reading of the legal debate over lesbian and gay marriage in the United States in order to understand how change happened so quickly. The book relies on key ... More


Foucault's Futures: A Critique of Reproductive Reason

Penelope Deutscher

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231176415
eISBN:
9780231544559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176415.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

In Foucault's Futures, Penelope Deutscher reconsiders the role of procreation in Foucault's thought, especially its proximity to risk, mortality, and death. She brings together his work on sexuality ... More


Respect

John Eekelaar

in Family Law and Personal Life

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199535422
eISBN:
9780191707384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535422.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter analyses the role of respect in personal law. Arguing that ‘respect’ means acknowledging that an entity has value in and of itself, it is maintained that if personal law is to be ... More


Epilogue

John C. Avise

in Evolutionary Perspectives on Pregnancy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160605
eISBN:
9780231531450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160605.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This epilogue presents the author's final points for the reader. The perspectives people hold in understanding the phenomena of pregnancy and motherhood seem insufficient. A more informed view of the ... More


Same-Sex Marriage and Children: A Tale of History, Social Science, and Law

Carlos A. Ball

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199977871
eISBN:
9780199383306
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199977871.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This book brings together historical, social science, and legal considerations to examine the role that procreative and child welfare claims have played in policy and legal debates involving same-sex ... More


The Transmission of Sin: Augustine and the Pre-Augustinian Sources

Pier Franco Beatrice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199751419
eISBN:
9780199979424
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751419.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Originally published in Italian in 1978, this book is a study of the origins of the doctrine of original sin, one of the most important teachings of the Catholic Church. While the doctrine has a ... More


Marriage, Celibacy, and Pederasty

Raphael A. Cadenhead

in Body and Desire: Gregory of Nyssa's Ascetical Theology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780520297968
eISBN:
9780520970106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520297968.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Chapter 1 is the first chapter in part A of the book, “The Integrative Significance of the Body in the Life of Virtue,” which examines Gregory’s early ascetical theology, which covers a span of ... More


Marriage: A Basic and Exigent Good

John Finnis

in Human Rights and Common Good: Collected Essays Volume III

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580071
eISBN:
9780191729393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580071.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter is the author's fullest single treatment of marriage, as an act, a state and way of life, and as an institution. Its starting point is the way in which marriage is a basic human good, ... More


Morning Green Chief and the Witch

Donald Bahr, Juan Smith, William Smith Allison, and Julian Hayden

in The Short, Swift Time of Gods on Earth: The Hohokam Chronicles

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520084674
eISBN:
9780520914568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520084674.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter shows that there are two, or really a negation of women giving birth and an irregular affirmation. The negation is in the flood myth. A woman thwarts her one-night-stand husband and ... More


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