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God, the Best, and Evil

Bruce Langtry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238798
eISBN:
9780191716485
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238798.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

To create a possible world is to actualize it strongly or weakly. A world is prime if God can create it and he cannot create a world better than it. This book's conclusions include: (1) If there is ... More


The Arguments from Evil

Thomas Holden

in Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines Hume's nuanced treatment of the problem of evil, including his handling of the so-called logical problem, the inference problem, and the evidential problem. Hume has been widely ... More


Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Eleonore Stump

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Can one hold consistently both that there is suffering in the world and that there is an omniscient, omnipotent, perfectly good God? This book argues that one can. The opening section presents ... More


The Predicament of Belief: Science, Philosophy, and Faith

Philip Clayton and Steven Knapp

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695270
eISBN:
9780191731945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695270.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Religion and Society

Can those who appreciate the explanatory power of modern science still believe in traditional religious accounts of the nature and purpose of the universe? This book is intended for those who care ... More


The Problem of Evil

Peter van Inwagen

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In this chapter, the problem of evil is understood in a narrow, intellectual sense: as the problem of how a theist can best reply to various arguments for the non-existence of God that are based on ... More


Suffering, Theodicy, and Defense

Eleonore Stump

in Wandering in Darkness: Narrative and the Problem of Suffering

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199277421
eISBN:
9780191594298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277421.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the project of the book, which is an examination of the problem of evil and an attempt to give a defence with respect to the argument from evil. It examines the nature of ... More


Framing Questions: God and Evil in Paradox

Mark S. M. Scott

in Journey Back to God: Origen on the Problem of Evil

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199841141
eISBN:
9780199949809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841141.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

The second chapter explores the ontological status of evil and the problem of evil in Origen's theodicy. It argues that Origen's definition of evil as the privation of the good and his formulation of ... More


Journey Back to God: Origen on the Problem of Evil

Mark S.M. Scott

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199841141
eISBN:
9780199949809
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841141.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This book explores Origen of Alexandria's creative, complex, and controversial treatment of the problem of evil. It argues that his layered cosmology functions as a theodicy that discerns deeper ... More


Providence and the Problem of Evil

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237983
eISBN:
9780191598548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237987.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Unless he has very strong reason for supposing that there is a God, a theist needs a theodicy (or at least needs to begin to develop one) in order justifiably to believe that there is a God. Part 2 ... More


Providence and Evil

Paul Helm

in John Calvin's Ideas

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199255696
eISBN:
9780191602429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199255695.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Calvin’s view of God's all-controlling providence is expounded, chiefly from his A Defence of the Secret Providence of God. Ten arguments from this work are identified and discussed. His attitude to ... More


Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


The Human Dimension and Evil

John Kekes

in The Human Condition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588886
eISBN:
9780191595448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588886.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The prevalence of evil is the most serious problem for the human dimension of values. An action is evil if it causes serious harm to innocent people and it is deliberate, malevolently motivated, and ... More


Comparative Confirmation and the Problem of Evil

Richard Otte

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, probability and confirmation theory are used to investigate the problem of evil, concentrating on whether a theist should consider our ignorance of a good reason for God to permit ... More


The Problem of Evil and the History of Peoples: Think Amalek

Eleonore Stump

in Divine Evil?: The Moral Character of the God of Abraham

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199576739
eISBN:
9780191595165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576739.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter discusses the problem of evil as it is raised by the story in the Hebrew Bible in which God commands Israelites to slaughter the Amalekites and possible defenses or theodicies as regards ... More


 Touching Evil, Touching Good

Irena S. M. Makarushka

in Teaching Religion and Film

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195335989
eISBN:
9780199868940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335989.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter looks at the teaching of special topics in the study of religion, in this case the representation of evil. Employing the medium of film to teach this topic enables students to reflect on ... More


WHY GOD ALLOWS EVIL

Richard Swinburne

in Is There a God?

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780198235446
eISBN:
9780191705618
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198235446.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

God may be expected to give humans significant responsibility for themselves and each other (including responsibility for forming their own characters). This involves allowing them to do significant ... More


. Conclusions: The Problem of Evil and the Philosophy of Science

Michael C. Banner

in The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the character of a theistic answer to the problem of evil. The discussion focuses on two of this problem's features. The first feature of this problem is that it presents the ... More


The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

William J. Wainwright (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The philosophy of religion as a distinct discipline is an innovation of the last 200 years, but its central topics—the existence and nature of the divine, humankind’s relation to it, the nature of ... More


The Problem of Evil

Hugh Rice

in God and Goodness

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250289
eISBN:
9780191598302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250282.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Discusses the problem of evil, and, in particular, the question whether the world could have been created by God, when he is conceived in the way I have proposed. I consider the way in which the ... More


The Problem of Evil

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in Good God: The Theistic Foundations of Morality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199751808
eISBN:
9780199894840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751808.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Whereas some are moved by the moral law within, others see the moral imperfections and injustices of this world and think the weight of moral evidence stands against the existence of a good and ... More


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