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Reason and Persuasion

John Parkinson

in Deliberating in the Real World: Problems of Legitimacy in Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199291113
eISBN:
9780191604133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929111X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that the definition of rationality is a major source of disagreement over the legitimacy of decision making processes. It draws attention to battles over competing problem ... More


The Varied Roles of Ideas in Politics: From “Whether” to “How”

Jal Mehta

in Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199736430
eISBN:
9780199866106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736430.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines ideas of varying levels of generality that define how policymakers should act. Building upon and drawing together the best work in the field, it seeks to offer a synthetic ... More


The Health-Reform Cycle

Marc J. Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael R. Reich

in Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an introduction to the policy cycle for health-sector reform. It discusses the six stages of the process: problem definition, diagnosis, policy development, political decision, ... More


Deepening Problem Definitions

William Ascher

in Bringing in the Future: Strategies for Farsightedness and Sustainability in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226029160
eISBN:
9780226029184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226029184.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the dimension of deepening problem definitions. A “problem definition” typically focuses on particular values to be pursued and protected and a diagnosis of the obstacles to ... More


Teaching as Creative Problem-Solving

Robert DiYanni and Anton Borst

in The Craft of College Teaching: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691183800
eISBN:
9780691202006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183800.003.0013
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This concluding chapter argues that teaching requires and exemplifies creative problem-solving. Designing a course and syllabus, aligning exams and assignments with course goals and objectives, ... More


Getting Health Reform Right: A Guide to Improving Performance and Equity

Marc Roberts, William Hsiao, Peter Berman, and Michael Reich

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195371505
eISBN:
9780199863839
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371505.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book provides a framework for developing and analyzing health sector reforms, based on international experience. It offers practical guidance and stresses the need to take account of each ... More


Preparing the Stage: Defining the Problem and Shaping the Committee

Wiebe E. Bijker, Roland Bal, and Hendriks Ruud

in The Paradox of Scientific Authority: The Role of Scientific Advice in Democracies

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026581
eISBN:
9780262258609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026581.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter discusses two of the main issues with which the Gezondheidsraad has to deal with early in the advisory process: problem definition and committee formation. Problem definition is one of ... More


Political processes and decision-making procedures

Christoph Knill and Duncan Liefferink

in Environmental Politics in the European Union: Policy-making, Implementation and Patterns of Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719075803
eISBN:
9781781701461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719075803.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the characteristic processes and decision-making procedures involved in the development and design of European Union environmental policies, discussing the informal patterns of ... More


The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation: An Analysis of Challenges and Adaptive Options

Susan G. Clark and Christina Milloy

in Large Carnivore Conservation: Integrating Science and Policy in the North American West

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226107400
eISBN:
9780226107547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226107547.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The basic premise of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation is that government wildlife agencies, funded by revenues from public hunting and fishing, use scientific knowledge and expertise ... More


Problem-Solving Therapy: Theory and Practice

Nancy P. Kropf and Sherry M. Cummings

in Evidence-Based Treatment and Practice with Older Adults: Theory, Practice, and Research

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190214623
eISBN:
9780190682248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190214623.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Problem-solving therapy (PST) is a psychosocial intervention that teaches clients to cope with the stress of “here-and-now” problems in order to reduce negative health and mental health outcomes. In ... More


The Basic Commissioning Cycle

Julie Sin

in Commissioning and a Population Approach to Health Services Decision-Making

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198840732
eISBN:
9780191876400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840732.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In this chapter, the core purpose of commissioning is presented and there is an orientation to the key stages of the commissioning cycle. These ‘stages’ or key parts of the cycle are those of problem ... More


Cognitive Aspects of Close Relationships that Thrive: Practices for Dyads in Intimate Relationships

Jan D. Sinnott

in Adult Development: Cognitive Aspects of Thriving Close Relationships

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199892815
eISBN:
9780199388585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199892815.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter offers an outline of activities that couples and intimate dyads can use, together in private or with a therapist, to improve their complex thinking skills and to learn to apply those ... More


Elements Common to All Models of Consultation

Christine Anlauf Sabatino

in Consultation Theory and Practice: A Handbook for School Social Workers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199934621
eISBN:
9780190206352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934621.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter identifies and defines common elements found in all consultation models. These elements are 1) problem formulation; 2) overarching goals; 3) practice methods; 4) change processes; 5) ... More


Firms, Users, and Innovation: An Interactive Model of Coupled Open Innovation

Frank Piller and Joel West

in New Frontiers in Open Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199682461
eISBN:
9780191762895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682461.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Open innovation and user innovation share certain key precepts, but differ in key values and assumptions, as well as the phenomena they study. Here this chapter studies an important area of overlap: ... More


Rationalizing Schools: Patterns, Ironies, Contradictions

Jal Mehta

in The Allure of Order: High Hopes, Dashed Expectations, and the Troubled Quest to Remake American Schooling

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199942060
eISBN:
9780197563281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199942060.003.0011
Subject:
Education, Schools Studies

Across the 20th century and now a decade into the 21st, reformers have repeatedly seen the rationalization of schooling as the solution to the nation’s educational ills. Reformers have repeatedly ... More


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