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Inference from Multiple Models

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

in Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes how to evaluate alternative models with data. There are two broad ways to formally use multiple models: model selection and model averaging. In model selection, models are ... More


Kelvin and Statistical Mechanics

Oliver Penrose

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0015
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

Kelvin played a big part in the development of statistical mechanics, both for equilibrium and non-equilibrium. This chapter reviews these developments, taking a particular interest in Kelvin's own ... More


STATISTICAL INDUCTION—WHEN AND HOW?

Shoutir Kishore Chatterjee

in Statistical Thought: A Perspective and History

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525318
eISBN:
9780191711657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525318.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

In statistical induction, the evidence is represented by observations on characters with definite domains but uncertain potential values. In the objective approach, the observational procedure is ... More


New Probability Models and Their Logic

Bas C. van Fraassen

in Quantum Mechanics: An Empiricist View

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239802
eISBN:
9780191597466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239807.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

No common cause model can fit the phenomena that violate Bell's Inequalities; what sorts of probability models could do so? To answer this, we need to broaden our concept of statistical or ... More


An uncertain quantity: how people reason with syllogisms

Mike Oaksford and Nick Chater

in Bayesian Rationality: The probabilistic approach to human reasoning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198524496
eISBN:
9780191584923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524496.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chater and Oaksford developed both computational- and algorithmic-level analyses of syllogistic reasoning, based on a probabilistic approach. The resulting model was called the probability heuristics ... More


Cell aging and renewal

Baltazar D. Aguda and Avner Friedman

in Models of Cellular Regulation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198570912
eISBN:
9780191718717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570912.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

Cellular aging, commonly referred to as cellular senescence, is thought to be a ‘programmed’ cell fate in a similar sense that apoptosis is somehow programmed to happen to certain cells during ... More


Probability Models in Forensic Science

MIKE REDMAYNE

in Expert Evidence and Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198267805
eISBN:
9780191714856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267805.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter begins by examining in detail the important role that interpretation plays in forensic science. It suggests two reasons for stressing interpretation: the significance of trace evidence ... More


Industry on the Land

Scott Eddie

in Landownership in Eastern Germany Before the Great War: A Quantitative Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198201663
eISBN:
9780191718434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201663.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The stereotypical picture of Germany with an industrial West and an agrarian East ignores the phenomenon of rural-based industry in the East. This chapter found a surprisingly dense network of ... More


Simply Rational: Decision Making in the Real World

Gerd Gigerenzer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199390076
eISBN:
9780190240684
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199390076.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Statistical illiteracy can have an enormously negative impact on decision making. This book brings together applied and theoretical research on risks and decision making across the fields of ... More


When Do Countries Implement Structural Reforms?

Antonio Dias da Silva, Audrey Givone, and David Sondermann

in The Political Economy of Structural Reforms in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198821878
eISBN:
9780191861000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821878.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter’s objective is to investigate which factors—macroeconomic, policy-related, or institutional—foster the implementation of structural reforms. We therefore look at episodes of structural ... More


Quantum Ensembles

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198853237
eISBN:
9780191887703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853237.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The study of quantum statistical mechanics begins with a review of the basic principles of quantum mechanics. Schrödinger’s equation is introduced and Eigenstates (or stationary states) are defined. ... More


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