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The European Trade with the East Indies

Emily Erikson

in Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company, 1600-1757

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159065
eISBN:
9781400850334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159065.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter undertakes a comparative analysis of the organizational characteristics of the English East India Company, highlighting the firm's record of sustained innovation through the ... More


Decentralization, Corruption, and Market Structure

Emily Erikson

in Between Monopoly and Free Trade: The English East India Company, 1600-1757

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159065
eISBN:
9781400850334
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159065.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter provides further analysis of organizational incentive structures, linking the behavior of individuals to the larger macro structure of trade. The analysis here explores the unintended ... More


Famines, Markets and Intervention

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some of the deficiencies of direct delivery strategies as a means of preventing famines are noted before the part that markets can play in precipitating or relieving famine is explored. The ... More


The British in Asia: Trade to Dominion, 1700–1765

P. J. Marshall

in The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume II: The Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205630
eISBN:
9780191676710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205630.003.0022
Subject:
History, World Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

At the beginning of the 18th century, Europe’s dealings with Asia were still set in a pattern that was recognizably one which had endured at least since Roman times. By 1765, a sizeable territorial ... More


Experiences and Lessons

Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen

in Hunger and Public Action

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198283652
eISBN:
9780191596193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198283652.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some experiences in India and Africa are examined and lessons drawn from them. The authors show how the entitlement protection efforts of India since independence help explain the lack of famines, ... More


The Private Side of the Canton Trade, 1700-1840: Beyond the Companies

Paul A. Van Dyke and Susan E. Schopp (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9789888390939
eISBN:
9789888455171
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390939.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

Until now, the role of private traders in the Canton Trade has been largely overlooked. History books of the twentieth century say little about them, mostly because their narrative has often been ... More


Chinese Private Maritime Trade and Global Integration

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter emphasizes the continuities in policies and practices surrounding private maritime trade from the Song and Yuan dynasties to the Ming and Qing, showing that the solid foundation laid in ... More


Ambiguous Faces of the Canton Trade: Moors, Greeks, Armenians, Parsees, Jews, and Southeast Asians

Paul A. Van Dyke

in The Private Side of the Canton Trade, 1700-1840: Beyond the Companies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9789888390939
eISBN:
9789888455171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390939.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

Because most historians of the Canton Trade have focused on Europeans and Americans, private Asian traders, as well as Armenians, Turks, and Jews, have been marginalized and left out of the ... More


Separating Trade from Tribute: Kangxi Ends the Tribute Trade System

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter focuses on Kangxi's new policy, which gave market forces priority by unlinking trade from tribute. Foreign traders were no longer obliged to deal with the strict regulations and the ... More


Introduction

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the series of decisions that were made in the year 1684 which proved momentous in the history of Chinese foreign trade. First, the maritime trade ban ... More


Enriching the State by Cherishing Private Trade: The Kangxi Emperor and the 1684 Open Trade Policy

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes how the Kangxi emperor arrived at his decision to encourage private overseas trade. In dealing with the issue of overseas trade, Kangxi supported the pursuit of profit and made ... More


Company Law and the Emergence of the Modern Firm

David Faure

in China and Capitalism: A History of Business Enterprise in Modern China

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622097834
eISBN:
9789882206694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622097834.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter outlines the emergence of the modern firm in relation to the introduction of Company Law in China from the late nineteenth century. The Company Law of 1904 redefined the role of the ... More


The Establishment of the Qing Maritime Customs System and the Growth of Private Trade

Gang Zhao

in The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684-1757

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824836436
eISBN:
9780824871192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824836436.003.0007
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter discusses the significance of the shift in seaborne commerce regulation from the Maritime Trade Commission (Shibosi) to Maritime Customs (Haiguan). Compared with the former system, ... More


Chronological Overview of the French Trade at Canton, 1698–1842

Susan E. Schopp

in Sino-French Trade at Canton, 1698-1842

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9789888528509
eISBN:
9789888180110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888528509.003.0002
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 1 provides a chronological overview of France’s near century and a half (1698–1842) in the Canton Trade. The Europe trade was carried out for its first two decades by private traders to whom ... More


One Family, Two Bestsellers, and the Legend’s Canonization

Francesca Trivellato

in The Promise and Peril of Credit: What a Forgotten Legend about Jews and Finance Tells Us about the Making of European Commercial Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780691178592
eISBN:
9780691185378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178592.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter studies Jacque Savary's Le parfait négociant, which was first printed in 1675 and was the manifesto of seventeenth-century French commercial society. A far more experienced and effective ... More


Feathering their Nests

Joan Mickelson Gaughan

in The 'Incumberances': British Women in India, 1615-1856

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092148
eISBN:
9780199082780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092148.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

Scores of women took an active interest in the Company’s business, suing for what they considered their due on a husband’s, brother’s, son’s, or other male relative’s investment, as well as making ... More


Translating What Works: The Medicine of East Asia

Harold J. Cook

in Matters of Exchange: Commerce, Medicine, and Science in the Dutch Golden Age

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300117967
eISBN:
9780300134926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300117967.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the Japanese, and how they had long been aware of European medical practices. In the early sixteenth century, the system of “tribute trade” governed by the Chinese empire had ... More


The Role of the State

André Tchernia

in The Romans and Trade

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198723714
eISBN:
9780191829376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723714.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter discusses the role of the state in trade. State participation in the long-distance trade of consumer goods was relatively restricted, as the government rarely intervened in distribution. ... More


From Allies to Invaders: Sri Lanka at the Crossroads of Global Iberian Imperialism

Zoltán Biedermann

in (Dis)connected Empires: Imperial Portugal, Sri Lankan Diplomacy, and the Making of a Habsburg Conquest in Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198823391
eISBN:
9780191862106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823391.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The clash of legal and political cultures that unfolded as the idea of conquest began to materialize is the subject of Chapter 7. The main question addressed is whether the new policy of conquest ... More


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