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Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Sarah Percy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The main aim of this book is to argue that the use of private force by states has been restricted by a norm against mercenary use. It traces the evolution of this norm, from mercenaries in medieval ... More


The Policing Web

Jean-Paul Brodeur

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199740598
eISBN:
9780199866083
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book seeks to give a comprehensive theory of policing. To set out the background for such a theory, the diverse types of agencies involved in policing, the history of policing, and the ... More


Private Security

Jean‐Paul Brodeur

in The Policing Web

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199740598
eISBN:
9780199866083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740598.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Chapter 8 bears on private security. First, issues of definition, the state of knowledge and the history of private security are addressed. Second, data on the international scope and growth of ... More


Varieties of Protectors

Federico Varese

in The Russian Mafia: Private Protection in a New Market Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297369
eISBN:
9780191600272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829736X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Chapters 1 and 2 point to the fact that the demand for protection that accompanies the spread of market transactions is met by the Russian state only in part: a significant sector of the business ... More


The Russian Mafia: Private Protection in a New Market Economy

Federico Varese

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297369
eISBN:
9780191600272
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829736X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This book researches the question of what the Russian Mafia is, and challenges widely held views of its nature. It charts the emergence of the Russian Mafia in the context of the transition to the ... More


Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Simon Chesterman and Angelina Fisher (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Private actors are increasingly taking on roles traditionally arrogated to the state. Functions essential to external and internal security and to the satisfaction of basic human needs are routinely ... More


Private Enforcement of Property Rights: The Demand for Specialists in Violence

Sandra F. Joireman

in Where There is No Government: Enforcing Property Rights in Common Law Africa

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199782482
eISBN:
9780199897209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782482.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

When the state does not enforce property rights, people will hire specialists in violence to do so. This is one example of a larger trend of the privatization of security that is occurring at ... More


Regulatory choices in the privatization of infrastructure

Mota Prado Mariana

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter considers the question of how a decision to privatize is made and examines how such a decision impacts the choice of regulatory framework. By developing a comparative analysis of the ... More


Human rights and self-regulation in the apparel industry

Rebecca DeWinter-Schmitt

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the evolution of regulatory regimes in the apparel industry as a comparison with efforts to regulate PMSCs. Lessons learned from the efforts of the Fair Labor Association and ... More


From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Simon Chesterman and Chia Lehnardt (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Frequently characterized as either mercenaries in modern guise or the market's response to a security vacuum, private military companies are commercial firms offering military services ranging from ... More


The privatization of violence

Michael Likosky

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter describes the links between privatization of military civilian activities and the significance this has for efforts to hold PMSCs accountable for their conduct. Through examining the ... More


Between the Old and the New: Contemporary Dynamics of (In)Security in Eastern Europe

Alexandra Gheciu

in Security Entrepreneurs: Performing Protection in Post-Cold War Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198813064
eISBN:
9780191851056
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813064.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Building upon the analysis of international developments in Chapter 4, Chapter 5 returns to recent developments in the national arenas of Bulgaria, Bosnia, Romania, and Serbia. The chapter examines ... More


Private Security in Britain

Trevor Jones and Tim Newburn

in Private Security and Public Policing

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265696
eISBN:
9780191682933
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265696.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter takes a closer look at what is generally thought of as the ‘private sector’ in policing, namely the ‘private security industry’. In particular, it examines evidence about the size of the ... More


The responsibility of states

Olivier De Schutter

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter looks at the varied efforts to use the international law of state responsibility to hold states in which private military and security companies (PMSCs) are registered or incorporated ... More


Accountability to whom?

Angelina Fisher

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter considers the possibilities for ensuring that accountability takes into account the interests of those most affected by PMSC conduct. It focuses on ‘downward’ accountability — ... More


Peacekeeping

Chia Lehnardt

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter surveys the roles that PMSCs have taken on and the more ambitious possibilities that have been proposed in the area of peacekeeping. There is, at present, little guidance on what ... More


The Company and the Campus

Mark Neocleous

in Critique of Security

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633289
eISBN:
9780748671984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633289.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The chapter has two aspects. First, it explores what is commonly understood as the rise of private security. But instead of resting on the public-private distinction, the chapter instead argues that ... More


The privatization continuum

Daphne Barak-Erez

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The use of lethal violence by private actors is often identified as a uniquely troubling aspect of the PMSC phenomenon. As this chapter demonstrates, however, our understanding will remain only ... More


Intelligence services

Simon Chesterman

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter surveys the manner in which US intelligence functions have been outsourced in collection activities such as electronic surveillance, rendition, and interrogation, as well as the growing ... More


Introduction

Simon Chesterman and Angelina Fisher

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0099
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

In the past two decades, the responsibilities delegated to private actors — especially but not only in the United States — have grown in depth and breadth. The much-discussed role assumed by ... More


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