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Microeconomic Building Blocks

Brett M. Frischmann

in Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199895656
eISBN:
9780199933280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895656.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter provides a detailed discussion of microeconomic concepts that serve as building blocks for the demand-side analysis developed in Part II and applied in Parts III and IV. The concepts are ... More


The Intrinsic Value of the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Generations are not homogeneous entities and are composed of individuals and nations that have conflicting interests in the way in which resources are allocated among competing uses. This chapter ... More


Defining Global Public Goods

Inge Kaul, Isabelle Grunberg, and Marc A. Stern

in Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130522
eISBN:
9780199867363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130529.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

People need both private and public goods for their well‐being. This chapter focuses on public goods, introducing the generic concept of public goods first, refining this generic definition, and ... More


High-Skilled Labour Migration

Alexander Betts and Lucie Cerna

in Global Migration Governance

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199600458
eISBN:
9780191723544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600458.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the global governance of high-skilled labour migration. Firstly, it argues that global governance in this area is predominantly characterized by unilateralism and bilateralism, ... More


Resource Allocation Mechanisms

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses resource allocation mechanisms in seven sections; (1) resources and property rights; (2) markets and market mechanisms; (3) culture and market transactions; ... More


Paul Samuelson and Global Public Goods: A commemorative essay for Paul Samuelson

William D. Nordhaus

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

The distinction between public and private goods follows from concerns about the concepts of market efficiency. This chapter fits in with the appraisal of polar cases of fact from an epistemological ... More


Public Goods and Common‐Property Resources 1

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses resource allocation mechanisms in seven sections: (1) resources and property rights; (2) markets and market mechanisms; (3) culture and market transactions; ... More


Explaining Wrongdoing

Mike W. Martin

in Meaningful Work: Rethinking Professional Ethics

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195133257
eISBN:
9780199848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133257.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Just as personal commitments shape the character of professionals, failures of personal commitment and character enter into understanding their wrongdoing. We can distinguish two types of ... More


Public provision and optimal taxation

Matti Tuomala

in Optimal Redistributive Taxation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198753414
eISBN:
9780191815058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198753414.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Financial Economics

As in the case of commodity taxation, publicly provided private goods and pure public goods can be seen as additional instruments for redistribution policy when these goods are financed by non-linear ... More


Health as a Global Public Good

Patricia Illingworth and Wendy E. Parmet

in Health of Newcomers: Immigration, Health Policy, and the Case for Global Solidarity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780814789216
eISBN:
9780814760826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789216.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

Contrary to the standard view that health is a private good, health should be viewed as a public good: its benefits are nonexcludable and nonrivalrous. Health should, in fact, be understood as a ... More


Contributory or Disruptive: Do New Forms of Philanthropy Erode Democracy?

Aaron Horvath and Walter W. Powell

in Philanthropy in Democratic Societies: History, Institutions, Values

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226335506
eISBN:
9780226335780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226335780.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

Does extensive private philanthropy by the super-rich undermine the democratic processes of state and civil society? In our chapter, we review the history of the relationship between philanthropy, ... More


In Search of an Ethical Frame for the Provision of Health

Ana Marta González

in To Fix or to Heal: Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479878246
eISBN:
9781479884155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479878246.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The distinction between the healthy and the good, a major basis for ethical reflection, has become increasingly blurred in the past few decades. González seeks to reintroduce that distinction, and to ... More


Subsidies to Public Higher Education

in Public No More: A New Path to Excellence for America's Public Universities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804780506
eISBN:
9780804782197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804780506.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter analyzes arguments for and against subsidies to higher education in the U.S. It discusses the opinion of James Garland, president of Miami University in Ohio, that public appropriations ... More


Relaxing the Second-Best Constraints

Robin Boadway

in From Optimal Tax Theory to Tax Policy: Retrospective and Prospective Views

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017114
eISBN:
9780262301688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017114.003.0072
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter begins with a discussion of the use of policy instruments in addition to the nonlinear income tax that would not be used in a first-best world of lump-sum taxes and transfers. These ... More


Universities and Markets: (II) Theory and Critical Debate

David Palfreyman and Ted Tapper

in Reshaping the University: The Rise of the Regulated Market in Higher Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199659821
eISBN:
9780191781551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659821.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

While accepting that the reason for charging students at English universities full-cost fees was economic this chapter also explores the neoliberal thinking behind the policy. Higher education is a ... More


Rules from Voluntary Associations as an Alternative to Coercive Ones: Governance as a Club Good

Edward Peter Stringham

in Private Governance: Creating Order in Economic and Social Life

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199365166
eISBN:
9780199366132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199365166.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter describes how governance can be analyzed as a club good. Rather than assuming that governance must be provided by government or not at all, the economic theory of clubs describes how ... More


The Economic Classification of Spectrum and the Commons Debate

Rohit Prasad and V. Sridhar

in The Dynamics of Spectrum Management: Legacy, Technology, and Economics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198099789
eISBN:
9780199083060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099789.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter places spectrum in the four-fold classification of economic goods—private goods, commons goods, toll goods, and pure public goods. It identifies spectrum as a toll good and examines ... More


A Workers' Lobby to Provide Portable Benefits

Joni Hersch

in Emerging Labor Market Institutions for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261577
eISBN:
9780226261812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261812.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In 1995, Sara Horowitz founded an employees' lobby called Working Today. Working Today has shifted from seeking to represent all workers via a membership organization to providing private services to ... More


How Can Policy Encourage Economically Sensible Climate Adaptation?

V. Kerry Smith

in The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses the design of incentive-based policies for climate adaptation. It begins by discussing climate adaptation policies, including models used to describe optimal pricing and ... More


Public No More

in Public No More: A New Path to Excellence for America's Public Universities

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804780506
eISBN:
9780804782197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804780506.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter focuses on the transition of public universities in the U.S into “public-no-more” universities. It explains that permanent public funding reduction and state and federal actions ... More


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