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Joint Stock Companies

Michael Lobban

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XII: 1820–1914 Private Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258826
eISBN:
9780191705168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258826.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on joint stock companies in the 19th century discusses companies and partnerships in the 1820s, reform of company law from 1830-48, transformation of company law from 1848-62, companies ... More


Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Simon Chesterman and Angelina Fisher (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Private actors are increasingly taking on roles traditionally arrogated to the state. Functions essential to external and internal security and to the satisfaction of basic human needs are routinely ... More


Assessing Current Interveners

James Pattison

in Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199561049
eISBN:
9780191722318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins by bringing together the findings of the previous six chapters to outline the complete conception of legitimacy—the Moderate Instrumentalist Approach. It goes on to use this ... More


Regulatory choices in the privatization of infrastructure

Mota Prado Mariana

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter considers the question of how a decision to privatize is made and examines how such a decision impacts the choice of regulatory framework. By developing a comparative analysis of the ... More


Human rights and self-regulation in the apparel industry

Rebecca DeWinter-Schmitt

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the evolution of regulatory regimes in the apparel industry as a comparison with efforts to regulate PMSCs. Lessons learned from the efforts of the Fair Labor Association and ... More


My Own Private Company Council: How a New Accounting Rule-Maker Is Born

Karthik Ramanna

in Political Standards: Corporate Interest, Ideology, and Leadership in the Shaping of Accounting Rules for the Market Economy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226210742
eISBN:
9780226210889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226210889.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The issue in this chapter is not simply the creation of an accounting rule that is in the interest of a group or entity but rather the creation of an entirely new rulemaking body. The chapter ... More


Accountability to whom?

Angelina Fisher

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter considers the possibilities for ensuring that accountability takes into account the interests of those most affected by PMSC conduct. It focuses on ‘downward’ accountability — ... More


The privatization of violence

Michael Likosky

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter describes the links between privatization of military civilian activities and the significance this has for efforts to hold PMSCs accountable for their conduct. Through examining the ... More


The responsibility of states

Olivier De Schutter

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter looks at the varied efforts to use the international law of state responsibility to hold states in which private military and security companies (PMSCs) are registered or incorporated ... More


Private Companies in Europe and the European Private Company

ROBERT R. DRURY

in The Governance of Close Corporations and Partnerships: US and European Perspectives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264353
eISBN:
9780191718496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264353.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter briefly outlines the dissemination and development of the private company form throughout the EU member states. It then considers the need for introducing a full range of vehicles at a ... More


Private prisons and the democratic deficit

Alfred C Aman, Jr

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter describes the case of prison privatization in the United States. Prisons offer an interesting insight into debates over which coercive aspects of the state should be kept within ... More


The Shortcomings of Traditional Legal Solutions

Elisa Morgera

in Corporate Accountability in International Environmental Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199558018
eISBN:
9780191705311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558018.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter provides the necessary theoretical justification to the study. It highlights the shortcomings of traditional legal solutions to ensure the environmentally sound conduct of private ... More


All the King's Men: Governors, Consuls, and Ambassadors, 1590–1650

Alison Games

in The Web of Empire: English Cosmopolitans in an Age of Expansion, 1560-1660

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195335545
eISBN:
9780199869039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335545.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter focuses on trade consuls and ambassadors. Charged with representing the crown overseas and governing English communities, these political leaders acquired valuable experiences that ... More


Morality and regulation

Sarah Percy

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Part one sets the context for the subsequent discussion of regulation. A basic question is the relationship between traditional mercenaries and PMCs, and whether PMCs should be banned altogether. ... More


What should and what should not be regulated?

Kevin A O'Brien

in From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

A second prerequisite for meaningful discussion of regulation is clarity as to the subject to be regulated. Serious analysis in this area is often frustrated by the lack of agreement as to what it is ... More


From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies

Simon Chesterman and Chia Lehnardt (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199228485
eISBN:
9780191711435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228485.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Frequently characterized as either mercenaries in modern guise or the market's response to a security vacuum, private military companies are commercial firms offering military services ranging from ... More


Intelligence services

Simon Chesterman

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter surveys the manner in which US intelligence functions have been outsourced in collection activities such as electronic surveillance, rendition, and interrogation, as well as the growing ... More


Peacekeeping

Chia Lehnardt

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter surveys the roles that PMSCs have taken on and the more ambitious possibilities that have been proposed in the area of peacekeeping. There is, at present, little guidance on what ... More


The privatization continuum

Daphne Barak-Erez

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The use of lethal violence by private actors is often identified as a uniquely troubling aspect of the PMSC phenomenon. As this chapter demonstrates, however, our understanding will remain only ... More


Introduction

Simon Chesterman and Angelina Fisher

in Private Security, Public Order: The Outsourcing of Public Services and Its Limits

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199574124
eISBN:
9780191721816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574124.003.0099
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

In the past two decades, the responsibilities delegated to private actors — especially but not only in the United States — have grown in depth and breadth. The much-discussed role assumed by ... More


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