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Prison Reform in the Late Ottoman Empire:The State’s Perspectives

Kent F. Schull

in Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire: Microcosms of Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748641734
eISBN:
9781474400886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Two consists of a general survey of Ottoman prison reform from the 1850s until the end of the empire (circa 1919) from a state-centric perspective. It pays particular attention to the ... More


The Spatialisation of Incarceration: Reforms, Response and the Reality of Prison Life

Kent F. Schull

in Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire: Microcosms of Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748641734
eISBN:
9781474400886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Four looks closely at prison conditions and structure, particularly in terms of organizing the prison population according to crimes committed, convicted or accused, age, and gender. In fact, ... More


Disciplining The Disciplinarians: Combating Corruption And Abuse Through The Professionalisation Of The Prison Cadre

Kent F. Schull

in Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire: Microcosms of Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748641734
eISBN:
9781474400886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Five investigates the Ottoman Prison Administration’s attempts to professionalize its prison cadre in order to combat corruption and prisoner abuse. Ottoman administrators viewed the prison ... More


Custodialism Reborn

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By the end of the 1960s, anti-institutionalism had extended beyond mental health and bled into prison reform. This chapter tracks the rise and fall of efforts to find alternatives to prisons. In the ... More


Reform Ideals and Political Compromise

Liora Lazarus

in Contrasting Prisoners' Rights: A Comparative Examination of England and Germany

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199259830
eISBN:
9780191698644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259830.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

The groundbreaking decisions of the Federal Constitutional Court (FCC) in the 1970s were deeply embedded in the process of prison reform. There was a direct relationship between the FCC's ... More


The German Prison Act: Principles and Special Provisions

Liora Lazarus

in Contrasting Prisoners' Rights: A Comparative Examination of England and Germany

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199259830
eISBN:
9780191698644
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259830.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter unravels the network of extra-legal, legal, and institutional factors that affect the way the German Prison Act is interpreted and applied. The chapter is organized as follows. Section ... More


Privatization, Abolition, or Reform?

Richard L. Lippke

in Rethinking Imprisonment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199209125
eISBN:
9780191695766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209125.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter is divided into two main sections. The first focuses on prison privatization, the second on prison abolition. In the first part, it is suggested that we should take a mostly benign view ... More


Counting the Incarcerated: Knowledge, Power and the Prison Population

Kent F. Schull

in Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire: Microcosms of Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748641734
eISBN:
9781474400886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Three investigates Ottoman efforts to gain knowledge and power over prisons and the incarcerated by collecting statistical information through prison questionnaires and surveys. Not only did ... More


In That Prison, Things Unbelievable and Monstrous

Cecelia Tichi

in Jack London: A Writer's Fight for a Better America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469622668
eISBN:
9781469625065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622668.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on Jack London's campaign for prison reform which he articulated in the 1915 novel The Star Rover (published as The Jacket in England). After becoming aware of provocative issues ... More


Reducing the Number of People in California’s Women’s Prisons: How “Gender-Responsive Prisons” Harm Women, Children, and Families

Californians United for a Responsible Budget

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0065
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

In April 2007, Californians United for a Responsible Budget (CURB) published a report entitled Reducing the Number of People in California's Women's Prisons: How “Gender Responsive Prisons” Harm ... More


Metamorphosis: How to Transform Punishment in America

Robert A. Ferguson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300230833
eISBN:
9780300235296
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300230833.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

In the past few years, the need for prison reform in America has reached the level of a consensus. We agree that many prison terms are too long, especially for nonviolent drug offenders; that ... More


Conclusion

Kent F. Schull

in Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire: Microcosms of Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748641734
eISBN:
9781474400886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Conclusion returns to the initial British inspections of Ottoman prisons discussed in this Introduction in order to re-evaluate their findings and place them in the context of a complete ... More


Recession-Era Colorblind Politics and the Challenge of Decarceration, 2008–2016

Heather Schoenfeld

in Building the Prison State: Race and the Politics of Mass Incarceration

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226520964
eISBN:
9780226521152
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226521152.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses policy reform between 2008 and 2016 in the context of the Great Recession, Tea Party politics, the decreased salience of crime, and the high costs of incarceration. The chapter ... More


Epilogue

Judah Schept

in Progressive Punishment: Job Loss, Jail Growth and the Neoliberal Logic of Carceral Expansion

Published in print:
1942
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479810710
eISBN:
9781479802821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810710.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The epilogue ends the book by speaking to it’s relevance to the present historical moment, characterized as it is by increased attention to reform, notions of community justice and a growing emphasis ... More


Rebel and a Cause: Caryl Chessman and the Politics of the Death Penalty in Postwar California, 1948-1974

Theodore Hamm

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520224278
eISBN:
9780520925236
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224278.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This book uses the 1960 execution of Caryl Chessman as a lens for examining how politics and debates about criminal justice became a volatile mix that ignited postwar California. The effects of those ... More


Prison Reform and County Jails

in Trial of Modernity: Judicial Reform in Early Twentieth-Century China, 1901-1937

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804755863
eISBN:
9780804779500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804755863.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on reform goals in counties and problems in county jails. It examines the financial strains in prison reform and explains how and why county penal institutions fell short of the ... More


Epilogue

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The epilogue reflects on the contemporary crisis of mass incarceration in the United States, which has particularly affected people with mental health conditions and substance abuse disorders. It ... More


Justice Under the Party-State: The Nanjing Decade

in Trial of Modernity: Judicial Reform in Early Twentieth-Century China, 1901-1937

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804755863
eISBN:
9780804779500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804755863.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter focuses on change and continuity in judicial reform in the Nanjing government. It discusses criminal and civil codes and procedural laws, prison reform, and an anti-drug campaign in the ... More


Prison Talk

Robert A. Ferguson

in Metamorphosis: How to Transform Punishment in America

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300230833
eISBN:
9780300235296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300230833.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter asserts that cooperation is the key to a new theory of punishment, and it depends on the quality of exchange possible. The singular metamorphosis that all people accomplish across a ... More


“Needles,” “Haystacks,” and “Dead Watchdogs”: The Prison Litigation Reform Act and the Inmate Grievance System in California

Kitty Calavita and Valerie Jenness

in Appealing to Justice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780520284173
eISBN:
9780520959835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284173.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides an overview of the Prison Litigation Reform Act within the context of the skyrocketing prison population and advances in legal-rights consciousness. The authors show that the ... More


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