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Three Strikes : Baseball to Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Much of the increase in crime that hit the US in the 1980s and 1990s was blamed on habitual offenders. For many years, prison wardens and parole boards had decided when most inmates would be ... More


The Problem of Mass Incarceration Concentrated in Poor Places

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter looks at how prison populations have come to reflect a concentrated experience among certain subgroups in the U.S. population. It describes imprisonment both nationally and in ... More


Palliative care for prisoners

Mary Turner and Sheila Payne

in Death, Dying, and Social Differences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199599295
eISBN:
9780191731532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599295.003.0063
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter suggests that the prison population as a whole has to contend with multiple and severe disadvantages in terms of health, education, ageing, ethnicity, and disability compared with the ... More


Counting the Incarcerated: Knowledge, Power and the Prison Population

Kent F. Schull

in Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire: Microcosms of Modernity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780748641734
eISBN:
9781474400886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Chapter Three investigates Ottoman efforts to gain knowledge and power over prisons and the incarcerated by collecting statistical information through prison questionnaires and surveys. Not only did ... More


The Problem of Concentrated Incarceration

Todd R. Clear

in Imprisoning Communities: How Mass Incarceration Makes Disadvantaged Neighborhoods Worse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195305791
eISBN:
9780199943944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305791.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the problems associated with concentrated incarceration. It discusses the increase in prison population and suggests that incarceration does more damage than good, including ... More


Prisoners and Prison Society

Peter Zinoman

in The Colonial Bastille: A History of Imprisonment in Vietnam, 1862-1940

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520224124
eISBN:
9780520925175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224124.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes the ways in which inmates adapted creatively to colonial prison conditions in French Indochina on a daily basis and how the experience of incarceration contributed to the ... More


Building on sand: why expanding the prison estate is not the way to ‘secure the future’

Carol Hedderman

in Tackling prison overcrowding: Build more prisons? Sentence fewer offenders?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421104
eISBN:
9781447303657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421104.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Over the last decade, the prison population has grown rapidly, and in the next decade, it is assumed that the demand for prison places in England and Wales will outstrip the number planned. This ... More


Reducing the use of custody as a sanction: a review of recent international experiences

Julian Roberts

in Tackling prison overcrowding: Build more prisons? Sentence fewer offenders?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421104
eISBN:
9781447303657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421104.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Constraining the rising prison population remains a challenge to most western countries. It has been 20 years since the United Nations Standard Rules for Non-Custodial Measure or the ‘Tokyo Rules’ ... More


Roadblocks to Resettlement: The Significance of Recall

Catherine A Appleton

in Life after Life Imprisonment

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199582716
eISBN:
9780191702341
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582716.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the process of prison recall for discretionary life-sentenced offenders. First, it describes the size of lifer prison population in England and Wales and highlights the ... More


Prohibition

Natasha Du Rose

in The governance of female drug users: Women's experiences of drug policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781847426727
eISBN:
9781447307839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426727.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Chapter 4 focuses on the impact of the technology of prohibition on the lives of female users. It examines how the war on drugs is a war on women. How drug policy discourses in the UK, US and Canada ... More


Applications for Managing the Criminal Justice System

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explains how the theory and models in this volume have been used to make predictions and forecasts of significant importance in managing the Criminal Justice System. In the first ... More


Where now?

Rod Morgan

in Tackling prison overcrowding: Build more prisons? Sentence fewer offenders?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847421104
eISBN:
9781447303657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847421104.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter discusses the result of the seminar at King's College. This seminar tackled Lord Carter' dominant views in his Securing the future: i) the establishment of a permanent sentencing ... More


Summary and Conclusions

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The analysis and theories developed in this volume are summarised, highlighting the success of the theory in providing explanations for many of the accepted features of criminal careers, epitomised ... More


Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

John F. MacLeod, Peter Grove, and David Farrington

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple quantitative theory of crime, conviction and reconviction, the assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples ... More


Public Attitudes and Punitive Policies

Tom R. Tyler and Lindsay E. Rankin

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0036
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses how public attitudes help shape penal policy. It argues that law enforcement and the public have ambivalently embraced an instrumental approach, that is, the threat of or ... More


Teaching Marriage to Single Mothers and Inmates

Melanie Heath

in One Marriage Under God: The Campaign to Promote Marriage in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814737125
eISBN:
9780814744901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814737125.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter focuses on the small number of marriage workshops directed both at poor single mothers in conjunction with receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) benefits and at the ... More


Truth in Sentencing: The Carlisle Committee Review of Parole in England and Wales

Thomas C. Guiney

in Getting Out: Early Release in England and Wales, 1960 - 1995

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198803683
eISBN:
9780191842085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803683.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The chapter explores the evolution of early release policy and practice between 1987 and 1992—a transitional period sometimes described as an ‘Indian Summer’ for liberal criminal justice policy. It ... More


Incarcerating the Crisis: Freedom Struggles and the Rise of the Neoliberal State

Jordan T. Camp

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520281813
eISBN:
9780520957688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520281813.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The United States currently has the largest prison population on the planet. Over the last four decades, structural unemployment, concentrated urban poverty, and mass homelessness have also become ... More


‘I Could Have Done Other Stuff’: The Return to Professional Services

Clive Emsley

in Soldier, Sailor, Beggarman, Thief: Crime and the British Armed Services since 1914

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199653713
eISBN:
9780191744204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653713.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

The wars and counter-insurgency actions at the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st centuries fostered new campaigns to raise the public’s awareness of post-traumatic stress among veterans and ... More


“I Am a Political Prisoner”

Gerald Horne

in Black Revolutionary: William Patterson and the Globalization of the African American Freedom Struggle

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037924
eISBN:
9780252095184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037924.003.0010
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter looks at Patterson's imprisonment in Danbury, Connecticut. He estimated that “30 percent of the prison population is Negro” in Danbury, and they, along with those who were Jewish, were ... More


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