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Introduction

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Beginning with the story of Leah — an Israeli woman who suffers from lack of control over her life — this introductory chapter raises the key questions discussed in the book and discusses differences ... More


Metaethics after Moore

Terry Horgan and Mark Timmons (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In How Should Ethics Relate to (the rest of) Philosophy?, Stephen Darwall challenges both the claims of independence and priority. He argues that although metaethics and normative ethics are properly ... More


Thought Before Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Starting from the appealing folk idea that “language expresses thought”, this chapter argues that the psychological reality of language should be investigated from a perspective on thought. The idea ... More


Perceiving Pictures

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter shows that the account of picture perception and pictorial content sheds light on the debate between the two most popular theories of picture perception: the recognition theory due to ... More


Priority, Posteriority, and Causality

Rory Fox

in Time and Eternity in Mid-Thirteenth-Century Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199285754
eISBN:
9780191603563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199285756.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter focuses on the other two temporal relations: temporally before (temporal priority) and temporally after (temporal posteriority), examining the notions in themselves before turning to the ... More


Equality

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that there is a distributive, as opposed to aggregative, element in the perspective of impartiality, just as there is in the case of self-interested partiality. The impartial ... More


Civil Rights

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Civil rights are universal rights, rights that hold good for all citizens or all persons in a given society; on the assumption that rights are beneficial to the holder, civil rights are justified by ... More


The Priority of Impartial Morality

Susan Mendus

in Impartiality in Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297819
eISBN:
9780191599880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297815.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In moral philosophy, the requirement of impartiality gives rise to the normative question, which is a question about why we should give priority to, and be motivated by, impartial concerns which ... More


Impartiality and Congruence

Susan Mendus

in Impartiality in Moral and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297819
eISBN:
9780191599880
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297815.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Argues that a form of impartialism that is grounded in the partial concerns we have for others can be shown to be congruent with the good of the agent, and that such congruence does not imply ... More


Reconfiguring the Public Sciences: The Impact of Governance Changes on Authority and Innovation in Public Science System s

Richard Whitley

in Reconfiguring Knowledge Production: Changing Authority Relationships in the Sciences and their Consequences for Intellectual Innovation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199590193
eISBN:
9780191723445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590193.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Knowledge Management

This chapter suggests how the major changes that have taken place in the organization and direction of the public science system (PSS) since the end of the Second World War have altered authority ... More


Family, Choice, and Distributive Justice

Véronique Munoz‐Dardé

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

One perspective on justice asks individuals directly to bear the costs of their own choices, whilst the other asks them to do so only after background conditions of justice have been established by ... More


A System of Rights

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

We return in this chapter, to the issue of the justification of political authority; it is argued here that the notion of political authority is internally justified in a given political system if ... More


Democracy

Michael Foley

in American Credo: The Place of Ideas in US Politics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199232673
eISBN:
9780191716362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232673.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses the complaints and critiques about the composition of American democracy, i.e., not only what American democracy consists of but what it should consist of to be both ... More


Lessons From Euthyphro 10A–11B

Matthew Evans

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Volume 42

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644384
eISBN:
9780191743344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644384.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

One of Plato's favorite targets, from dialogue to dialogue, is the broadly Protagorean view that the facts about how we should live are grounded in our best beliefs about how we should live. The aim ... More


Priority in Aristotle's Metaphysics

Michail Peramatzis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199588350
eISBN:
9780191728877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588350.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Recent work in metaphysics has witnessed a noticeable turn to Aristotelian discussions of priority in one form or another. This revival of interests in Aristotle-inspired themes focuses on questions ... More


How Should Ethics Relate to (the Rest of) Philosophy? Moore's Legacy

Stephen Darwall

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In the first chapter of Principia Ethica, ‘The Subject-Matter of Ethics’, Moore spends the first four sections explaining his conception of the field of ethics. In these passages, he refers to an ... More


Child Support: How Much Is Just Right?

Ira Ellman and Tara Ellman

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

The provision of financial support for children when their parents divorce is a highly contentious and complicated problem. This chapter challenges the conventional policy used to generate child ... More


 Claims and Distributions

Dr. Ben S. Branch, Hugh M. Ray, and Robin Russell

in Last Rights: Liquidating a Company

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195306989
eISBN:
9780199783762
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306989.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter explores the process for determining the validity and priority of claims and for making distributions on those claims. This includes the liquidator's role in investigating and, if ... More


Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

After decades of rigorous study in the United States and across the Western world, a great deal is known about the early risk factors for offending. High impulsiveness, low attainment, criminal ... More


A New Opportunity

Phillip Brown, Hugh Lauder, and David Ashton

in The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199731688
eISBN:
9780199944125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731688.003.0025
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter reviews the discussions that have been presented in previous chapters, including the concept of the American Dream. It considers the question of whether the American democracy will lead ... More


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