Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 41 items

  • Keywords: prioritarianism x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Impartiality, Solidarity, and Distributive Justice

John E. Roemer

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the role of impartiality in theories of distributive justice. Impartiality is modelled by Rawls in his famous thought experiment of a veil of ignorance, where individuals reason ... More


Persons, Interests, and Justice

Nils Holtug

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book on welfare and its importance for distributive justice. Part I is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a ... More


Equality, Priority, and Sufficiency

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter argues that particular versions of the mitigation approach may also incorporate ‘quasi-egalitarian principles’ — principles which hold that certain kinds or degrees of inequality are ... More


Intergenerational Equity

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Discusses one principle that has been suggested as a guide to the way we ought to take account of the interests of future generations, namely the principle of intergenerational ‘equity’ and its ... More


Prioritarianism

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

According to prioritarianism, outcome value is an additive function of weighted individual welfare, where increases in welfare are weighted such that they gain a greater moral value, the worse off ... More


Metaphysics and Justice

Nils Holtug

in Persons, Interests, and Justice

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

In Chapter 4, the Prudential View, according to which self‐interest is a function not just of welfare but also of Relation M was proposed. This view has implications for our account of justice. For ... More


Equality and Priority *

Bertil Tungodden

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter provides an overview of recent economic and philosophical literature on egalitarianism and prioritarianism. it discusses how a concern for equality promotion can be combined with the ... More


Priority, Not Equality, of Welfare

Timothy Fowler and Timothy Fowler

in Liberalism, Childhood and Justice: Ethical Issues in Upbringing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781529201635
eISBN:
9781529201680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529201635.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

In this chapter I consider various possible distributive principles, that assess what a fair distribution of welfare would look like. I reject the principle of distributive equality because equality ... More


Fairness, Needs, and Desert 1

Brad Hooker

in The Legacy of H.L.A. Hart: Legal, Political, and Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542895
eISBN:
9780191720130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542895.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter explores two major distinctions that are often deemed relevant to fairness: benefits that satisfy some need(s) versus benefits that do not satisfy any need(s), and deserved benefits ... More


Luck Prioritarian Justice in Health 1

Shlomi Segall

in Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter inquires after the just distribution of health proper (as distinct from health care), arguing against a Rawlsian approach and in favour of a luck egalitarian one. It demonstrates that ... More


Discrimination in the Private Sphere

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in Born Free and Equal?: A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature of Discrimination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199796113
eISBN:
9780199350995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796113.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 10 explores discrimination outside the state and labor market, e.g. in relation to people’s preferences regarding with whom they share their neighborhood, their religious places, or their ... More


Distributive Justice: Getting What We Deserve From Our Country

Fred Feldman

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198782988
eISBN:
9780191826214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198782988.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book is a presentation and defense of a novel theory of justice, according to which political economic distributive justice reigns in a state if the government of that state ensures that ... More


Welfarism Weighted or Unweighted?

Mark S. Stein

in Distributive Justice and Disability: Utilitarianism against Egalitarianism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100570
eISBN:
9780300128253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100570.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Compared with resource egalitarians, who cannot incorporate utilitarianism into their distributive theories without some modifications, welfare egalitarians make compromises with utilitarianism in ... More


Exploitation and Justice

Mark R. Reiff

in Exploitation and Economic Justice in the Liberal Capitalist State

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664009
eISBN:
9780191751400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664009.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter offers a working definition of my conception of exploitation, briefly describes its limits, shows how it can be an expression of both commutative and distributive justice, and places ... More


Politics and Distributive Justice

Liam Shields

in Just Enough: Sufficiency As a Demand of Justice

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748691869
eISBN:
9781474427029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748691869.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explains the background to debates about sufficiency. It explains how the field of distributive justice relates to politics and it situates sufficiency within the field of distributive ... More


Harm-Based Accounts

Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen

in Born Free and Equal?: A Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature of Discrimination

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199796113
eISBN:
9780199350995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796113.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 6 presents the harm-based account, which is the most promising and yet not without problems of its own. According to this account, discriminatory acts are wrong by virtue of the harm they ... More


Prioritarianism, Risk, and the Gap Between Prudence and Morality

Nils Holtug

in Principles and Persons: The Legacy of Derek Parfit

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780192893994
eISBN:
9780191915147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192893994.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to a prominent objection to prioritarianism, it inappropriately implies a gap between prudence and morality, even in single-person cases. Thus, according to prioritarianism, we should ... More


Bioprediction and Priority

Matthew L. Baum

in The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780190236267
eISBN:
9780190236281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190236267.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

In this chapter, the chapter defends a social obligation to develop and provide access to biopredictive technologies through an appeal to prioritarian and egalitarian concern for the worse off. The ... More


The Social Welfare Function: A New Tool for Regulatory Policy Analysis

Matthew D. Adler

in Theories of Choice: The Social Science and the Law of Decision Making

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198863175
eISBN:
9780191895678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863175.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The social welfare function (‘SWF’) framework is a methodology for assessing governmental policies that originates in theoretical welfare economics and is now widely used in various economic ... More


Social Welfare Functions

Matthew D. Adler

in Global Health Priority-Setting: Beyond Cost-Effectiveness

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190912765
eISBN:
9780190912796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190912765.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The social welfare function (SWF) framework is a core methodology of welfare economics. This chapter describes the approach, discusses its application to health priority-setting, and illustrates this ... More


View: