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John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Ben Eggleston, Dale Miller, and David Weinstein (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The “Art of Life” is John Stuart Mill's name for his account of practical reason. In this volume, eleven leading scholars elucidate this fundamental, but widely neglected, element of Mill's thought. ... More


Are There Irrelevant Utilities?

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Examines cases in which the choice faced is not between different numbers of lives but between equal numbers of lives when saving one group but not the other would be accompanied by some additional ... More


A Differential Interpretation

David Lyons

in In the Interest of the Governed: A Study in Bentham's Philosophy of Utility and Law

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198239642
eISBN:
9780191679971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239642.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Bentham's most elaborate, ‘explicit and determinate’ account of the principle of utility and also his explicit and definitive discussion of ethics from a ... More


Sobjectivity: The Anatomy of the Subjective and Objective in Moral Judgment

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Looks at a two more approaches to justifying the Principle of Irrelevant Utility advanced in Ch. 8 with respect to the question of saving different groups of lives. Once again, it involves combining ... More


Sobjectivity: Aggregation and Scales of Equivalents and Cost

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume I: Death and Whom to Save From It

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195119114
eISBN:
9780199872244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195119118.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Continues the exploration of ‘Sobjectivity’ addressed in Ch. 8 and 9 as applied to justifying the Principle of Irrelevant Utility with respect to the question of saving different groups of lives, and ... More


Normative Theory: The Principle of Utility

Gerald J. Postema

in Utility, Publicity, and Law: Essays on Bentham's Moral and Legal Philosophy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198793175
eISBN:
9780191835100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793175.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The ultimate ground of Bentham’s normative philosophy was the principle of utility. It functioned for Bentham as the fundamental evaluative and decision principle and principle of institutional ... More


Irrelevant Utilities and Formal Aggregation

Iwao Hirose

in Moral Aggregation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199933686
eISBN:
9780199398324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933686.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows how effective formal aggregation is. Section 8.1 explains that although the Argument for Best Outcomes provides an intuitively right result in the Rescue Case, it provides a ... More


The Naturalistic Fallacy: The History of its Refutation

Arthur N. Prior

in Logic and the Basis of Ethics

Published in print:
1963
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198241577
eISBN:
9780191680380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198241577.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a broad context for the history of exposure using the method of Professor Moore’s, regarding the naturalistic fallacy. The discussion also includes Locke’s views and the ... More


Halls of Montezuma and the Utility of War

Dan Shaw

in Stanley Cavell and the Magic of Hollywood Films

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474455701
eISBN:
9781474476690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474455701.003.0009
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Cavell acknowledged John Stuart Mill as a fellow perfectionist, with reference to On Liberty and its aversion to conformity. But the primary focus of this chapter is Mill’s principle of utility, and ... More


From Principle to Project

Elijah Millgram

in John Stuart Mill and the Meaning of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190873240
eISBN:
9780190873271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190873240.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

John Stuart Mill’s life project is described, and it is argued that his is a best-case project life. The early 19th-century Utilitarian political platform is surveyed, and the problems that would ... More


Utility, Publicity, and Law: Essays on Bentham's Moral and Legal Philosophy

Gerald J. Postema

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198793175
eISBN:
9780191835100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793175.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The essays in this volume offer a reassessment of Jeremy Bentham’s strikingly original legal philosophy. Early on, Bentham discovered his “genius for legislation”—“legislation” included not only ... More


Epilogue: In Memoriam

Mike Chasar

in Everyday Reading: Poetry and Popular Culture in Modern America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231158657
eISBN:
9780231530774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231158657.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Poetry

This chapter briefly presents the life of the author's grandmother Danny Salvatore and her letters, which included poetic writings, to husband Jimmy Salvatore. Jimmy was drafted for naval combat in ... More


What Can Philosophy Contribute To Ethics?

James Griffin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198748090
eISBN:
9780191813481
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748090.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Ethics appears early in the life of a culture. It is not the creation of philosophers. Many philosophers today think that their job is to take the ethics of their society in hand, analyse it into ... More


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