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Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties II: Sortal Concepts and Principles of Individuation

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines David Wiggins’s version of sortal essentialism, which relies on the EPI thesis, that a thing’s principle of individuation is essential to it in order to derive the result that ... More


The Principle of Distinction under International Humanitarian Law

Nils Melzer

in Targeted Killing in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533169
eISBN:
9780191714511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533169.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter examines the principle of distinction in contemporary International Humanitarian Law (IHL). As a general rule, the principle of distinction permits direct attacks only against the armed ... More


Gender, Innocence, and Civilization

Helen M. Kinsella

in The Image before the Weapon: A Critical History of the Distinction between Combatant and Civilian

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449031
eISBN:
9780801460784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449031.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This introductory chapter considers the inconsistencies and ambiguities surrounding the principle of distinction—a juridical principle formally distinguishing between combatants and civilians. The ... More


Responsibility

Helen M. Kinsella

in The Image before the Weapon: A Critical History of the Distinction between Combatant and Civilian

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449031
eISBN:
9780801460784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449031.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This concluding chapter discusses the continuing challenges of interpreting and implementing the principle of distinction. In considering the principle, both its critics and advocates note that ... More


The Image before the Weapon: A Critical History of the Distinction between Combatant and Civilian

Helen M. Kinsella

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449031
eISBN:
9780801460784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449031.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Since at least the Middle Ages, the laws of war have distinguished between combatants and civilians under the principle of distinction. The principle of distinction is invoked in contemporary ... More


Distinguishing Drones: An Exchange

Asa Kasher and Avery Plaw

in Killing by Remote Control: The Ethics of an Unmanned Military

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199926121
eISBN:
9780199345656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199926121.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

Should states be permitted to use drones to kill terrorists hiding in foreign territory even when these pose a heightened danger to civilians relative to other types of operations? This chapter ... More


The Dispensable Lives of Soldiers

Gabriella Blum

in Weighing Lives in War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198796176
eISBN:
9780191837272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796176.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter challenges the status-based distinction of the laws of war, calling instead for revised targeting doctrines that would place further limits on the killing of enemy soldiers. The chapter ... More


What is the distinction?

Rebecca Sutton

in The Humanitarian Civilian: How the Idea of Distinction Circulates Within and Beyond International Humanitarian Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198863816
eISBN:
9780191896156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863816.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Chapter 2 introduces, but does not resolve, the conundrum of what the idea of distinction is that is circulating in international practices and how it relates to the IHL targeting rule. The main ... More


Who draws the line?

Rebecca Sutton

in The Humanitarian Civilian: How the Idea of Distinction Circulates Within and Beyond International Humanitarian Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198863816
eISBN:
9780191896156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863816.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter demonstrates that international humanitarian actors take it upon themselves to assert distinction, in contexts in which international actors are encouraged to demolish boundaries and ... More


How is the line drawn?

Rebecca Sutton

in The Humanitarian Civilian: How the Idea of Distinction Circulates Within and Beyond International Humanitarian Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198863816
eISBN:
9780191896156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863816.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter presents distinction as a performance and conveys the dynamism of everyday distinction practices. Distinction takes on an explicit visual life in the Kinetic realm: humanitarian actors ... More


Introduction

Rebecca Sutton

in The Humanitarian Civilian: How the Idea of Distinction Circulates Within and Beyond International Humanitarian Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198863816
eISBN:
9780191896156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863816.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter provides an overview of the monograph, outlining the structure of the discussion and introducing the key arguments that will be advanced. The principle of distinction, as a targeting ... More


The Laws of Counterinsurgency Warfare

Ganesh Sitaraman

in The Counterinsurgent's Constitution: Law in the Age of Small Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199930319
eISBN:
9780190260156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930319.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the principles of distinction and proportionality, compensation for affected civilians, the use of nonlethal weapons, the globalization of detention, and the law of occupation. ... More


Torture as Unjust Means of War: To Squelch the Sirens’ Singing

Scott A. Anderson

in Confronting Torture: Essays on the Ethics, Legality, History, and Psychology of Torture Today

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226529387
eISBN:
9780226529554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529554.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter looks at how the context of war affects the ethics of torture and considers the role that just war theory and international humanitarian law should play in governing its use or ... More


Rewriting the AUMF: Bringing Guidance to Executive Decisions on Combatancy and Returning the US to the Path of the War Convention

Jon Todd

in Weighing Lives in War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198796176
eISBN:
9780191837272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796176.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

The chapter starts with a synopsis of the concept of distinction and explains why it is foundational to any understanding of the concept of combatancy. It then provides an overview of the US approach ... More


Where is the line drawn?

Rebecca Sutton

in The Humanitarian Civilian: How the Idea of Distinction Circulates Within and Beyond International Humanitarian Law

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780198863816
eISBN:
9780191896156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198863816.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter pursues the ‘civilian plus’, ‘mere civilian’, and ‘civilian minus’ across the three realms, exploring where the line is being drawn within the civilian category. Adopting parallel ... More


Discursive Cartographies, Moral Practices: International Law and the Gaza War

Lena Jayyusi

in Law at Work: Studies in Legal Ethnomethods

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190210243
eISBN:
9780190210267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190210243.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores the categories in use and the shifting fields of reference when international law was invoked by the different parties during and after the Israeli war on Gaza in December 2008. ... More


The Equality of Combatants in Asymmetric War

Claire Finkelstein

in Weighing Lives in War

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198796176
eISBN:
9780191837272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198796176.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter considers the relationship between the principle of distinction and the idea that combatants are “morally equal” on the battlefield. This relationship is of particular interest, as well ... More


Ius In Bello II: Combatants and Civilians

Arthur Ripstein

in Kant and the Law of War

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197604205
eISBN:
9780197604236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197604205.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Philosophy of Law

This chapter continues the discussion of ius in bello, turning to the distinction between combatants and civilians. The targeting of noncombatants repudiates the distinction between war and peace, ... More


Normative Underpinnings

Kubo Mačák

in Internationalized Armed Conflicts in International Law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198819868
eISBN:
9780191860126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198819868.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter considers the normative underpinnings of the present-day regulation of combatancy. It argues that a wholesale denial of combatant status to fighters in internationalized armed conflicts ... More


Killing Civilians is Worse than Killing Soldiers

Seth Lazar

in Sparing Civilians

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198712985
eISBN:
9780191781391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712985.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter introduces and clarifies Moral Distinction, the principle that killing civilians is worse than killing soldiers. It develops the conceptual apparatus deployed in subsequent chapters, ... More


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