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Learning from Others, Interpretation, and Charity

Gary Ebbs

in Truth and Words

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557936
eISBN:
9780191721403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557936.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Many philosophers assume that Donald Davidson's principle of charity is at least compatible with trusting what others write or say. Against this, this chapter argues that in a large number of cases ... More


The Procedure of the Radical Interpreter

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Discusses the procedure of the radical interpreter, and in particular, the role of a truth theory for the subject’s language, how it motivates the introduction of a the Principle of Charity, roughly ... More


Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This volume collects Davidson's seminal contributions to the philosophy of language. Its key insight is that the concept of truth can shed light on various issues connected to meaning: Davidson, who ... More


The Justification of the Principle of Charity

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Takes up the question of how to justify the Principle of Charity. Three a priori arguments are examined, the argument from the holism of attitude content, the argument to the best explanation of ... More


Donald Davidson: Meaning, Truth, Language, and Reality

Ernie Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251346
eISBN:
9780191602634
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251347.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Donald Davidson (1917–2003) was one of the most important philosophers of the late twentieth century. This book provides a systematic exposition and clarification of his work in the philosophy of ... More


The Experiential Origins of Intentionality

Uriah Kriegel

in The Sources of Intentionality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742974
eISBN:
9780199914449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742974.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

The purpose of the present chapter is to argue that the intentionality proper to our conscious experience—“experiential intentionality”—deserves a central theoretical role in our account of ... More


Uncertainty, Possibility, and Identity

David Wallace

in The Emergent Multiverse: Quantum Theory according to the Everett Interpretation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199546961
eISBN:
9780191741418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546961.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers some philosophical problems posed by the Everett interpretation: should someone expecting to undergo quantum-mechanical branching be uncertain about the result of that ... More


. Does Philosophy of Religion Rest on a Mistake?

Michael C. Banner

in The Justification of Science and the Rationality of Religious Belief

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240198
eISBN:
9780191680113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240198.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses and expounds on an expressive understanding of religious discourse. A number of examples of how certain ‘beliefs’ may be construed as expressions of value are stated in the ... More


Infidelitas and Final End Conceptions

David Decosimo

in Ethics as a Work of Charity: Thomas Aquinas and Pagan Virtue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780804790635
eISBN:
9780804791700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804790635.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter explains what Thomas does not – how those who have not charity and are thus ordered to some other end than beatitude as final can nonetheless not only do good acts but do them with ... More


Charity, Interpretation, and Belief

Colin McGinn

in Knowledge and Reality: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251582
eISBN:
9780191598012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251584.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

McGinn argues that, pace Davidson, relational belief attributions do not require a principle of charity. According to McGinn, the requirement of Davidsonian charity turns on the false presumption ... More


RATIONALITY, LANGUAGE, AND THE PRINCIPLE OF CHARITY

Kirk. Ludwig

in The Oxford Handbook of Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195145397
eISBN:
9780199752393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195145399.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Ludwig deals with the relations between language, thought, and rationality, and, especially, the role and status of assumptions about rationality in interpreting another’s speech and assigning ... More


Introduction

Robert J. Fogelin

in Philosophical Interpretations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195071627
eISBN:
9780199833221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019507162X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The introduction sketches the method of interpretation that will be used in the essays that follow. It employs the principle that there is a very strong presumption in favor of the dual claim that ... More


The Principle of Charity

Kathrin Glüer

in Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195382976
eISBN:
9780190267469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195382976.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines the notion of the principle of charity proposed by Donald Davidson, which considers the rationality and interpretation of a speaker’s statement. It looks into charity’s role as ... More


The Illusory Nature of Leibniz's System

Catherine Wilson

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Leibniz has often been described as holding to a kind of phenomenalism. Yet Leibniz did not have a single account of perception, or of the embodied mind, or of the monad, but a set of conflicting and ... More


Explanations in Terms of the Agent's Reasoning

G. F. Schueler

in Reasons and Purposes: Human Rationality and the Teleological Explanation of Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250370
eISBN:
9780191598364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250375.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Practical reasoning has been misrepresented by the so‐called practical syllogism as not essentially involving evaluations. Correcting this error helps show why it is implausible to hold, as e.g. J. ... More


Interpretation and the Interpreter: On the Role of the Interpreter in Davidsonian Foundational Semantics

Kathrin Glüer

in The Science of Meaning: Essays on the Metatheory of Natural Language Semantics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198739548
eISBN:
9780191864100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739548.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

According to Donald Davidson, “what a fully informed interpreter could learn about what a speaker means is all there is to learn; the same goes for what the speaker believes” (Davidson 1983). This is ... More


Belief and the Basis of Meaning

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson continues the analysis of the evidential base required for radical interpretation from Essay 9 and extends it into a systematic methodology. The ascription of meanings to utterances and ... More


Ontological Arguments: Interpretive Charity and Quantifier Variance

Eli Hirsch

in Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199732111
eISBN:
9780190267506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732111.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the advantages of common-sense ontology over other systems, by presupposing that quantifier expressions can have different meanings in different languages. Philosophy is rife ... More


Assertion and the Method of Interpretation (Radical and Otherwise)

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Assertion: On the Philosophical Significance of Assertoric Speech

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198732488
eISBN:
9780191796708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732488.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The aim of this chapter is to argue that the hypothesis that assertion is answerable to a robustly epistemic norm has implications for the nature and method of what Donald Davidson called “the task ... More


The Global Justification of Testimony

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Focusses on reductionist and fundamentalist proposals for a global justification of testimony. David Hume (on miracles) is discussed as offering a reductionist proposal according to which testimony ... More


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