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Dimensionality and Its Reduction

Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

With the dramatic increase in data available from a new generation of astronomical telescopes and instruments, many analyses must address the question of the complexity as well as size of the data ... More


The Development of Traditional Industries in Modern Japan: A Statistical Exposition

Takanori Matsumoto

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter assesses the quantitative position of ‘traditional’ industries in the economy. Traditional industry — which accounted for the largest number of gainfully occupied workers — developed ... More


Co-movement of Spreads: Fundamentals or Investor Behavior?

Paolo Mauro, Nathan Sussman, and Yishay Yafeh

in Emerging Markets and Financial Globalization: Sovereign Bond Spreads in 1870-1913 and Today

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199272693
eISBN:
9780191603488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272697.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter focuses on co-movement of spreads across different countries, and on the frequency of crises shared by more than one country — contagion. Overall, co-movement of spreads among emerging ... More


Regression and Model Fitting

Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray

in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151687
eISBN:
9781400848911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Regression is a special case of the general model fitting and selection procedures discussed in chapters 4 and 5. It can be defined as the relation between a dependent variable, y, and a set of ... More


On non-parametric statistical methods

Peter Hall

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes some contemporary topics in non-parametric statistics and outlines their relation to computation, particularly some topics on pure mathematics. It opens with a brief comparison ... More


Introduction

Donna Harrington

in Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195339888
eISBN:
9780199863662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195339888.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter discusses the major uses of confirmatory factor analysis including measurement development, psychometric evaluation of measures, construct validation, testing method effects, and testing ... More


Motor Variability: A Window into Synergies

Mark L. Latash

in Synergy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333169
eISBN:
9780199864195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333169.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Techniques

The fourth part of this book discusses motor variability as an important source of information on the functioning of the motor control system. Further, the uncontrolled manifold hypothesis is ... More


Multivariate Data Analysis and Classification of Images

Joachim Frank

in Three-Dimensional Electron Microscopy of Macromolecular Assemblies: Visualization of Biological Molecules in Their Native State

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195182187
eISBN:
9780199893416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182187.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter is concerned with the need for classification of images to deal with either the co-occurrence of difference view angles, conformational/compositional heterogeneity of the sample, or ... More


Comparison of Component Models in Analysing the Distribution of Dialectal Features

Antti Leino and Saara HyvÖnen

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Languages are traditionally subdivided into geographically distinct dialects, although any such division is just a coarse approximation of a more fine-grained variation. This underlying variation is ... More


Factor Analysis of Vowel Pronunciation in Swedish Dialects

Therese Leinonen

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

The study presented here analysed 91 local Swedish dialects based on vowel pronunciation. Acoustic measurements of vowel quality were made for 18 vowels of 1,014 speakers by means of principal ... More


Statistical machine learning

Max A. Little

in Machine Learning for Signal Processing: Data Science, Algorithms, and Computational Statistics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198714934
eISBN:
9780191879180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714934.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy, Mathematical Physics

This chapter describes in detail how the main techniques of statistical machine learning can be constructed from the components described in earlier chapters. It presents these concepts in a way ... More


A Primer on Empirical Methodology

G. Andrew Karolyi

in Cracking the Emerging Markets Enigma

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780199336623
eISBN:
9780190232047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199336623.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the empirical methodology—principal components analysis (PCA)—used to build each of the six risk indicators across the 33 emerging and 24 developed markets featured in the ... More


Sovereign Credit Risk in Latin America and Global Common Factors

Manuel Agosin and Juan Díaz-Maureira

in Macroeconomics and Development: Roberto Frenkel and the Economics of Latin America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231175081
eISBN:
9780231541213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231175081.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

the chapter studies the importance of global common factors in the evolution of sovereign credit risk in emerging economies between 2007 and 2012. Using principal component analysis and Kalman ... More


Characteristics of Individuals

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Analysis of data from the Offender Assessment System (OASys) database and the Police National Computer is used to demonstrate a link between psychological-assessment scores and the risk/rate ... More


Pleasure: The Final Judge in Wine Tasting

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Neuroenology: How the Brain Creates the Taste of Wine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177009
eISBN:
9780231542876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177009.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Like everything else involved in the taste of wine, the pleasure that a good wine gives is created by the brain. A half century of research has identified centers in the brain whose stimulation ... More


When You Get Your Picture on the Cover of …

Michael E. Mann

in The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars: Dispatches from the Front Lines

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231152556
eISBN:
9780231526388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231152556.003.0009
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

In this chapter, the author comments on the appearance of seventeen climate change deniers on the cover of Rolling Stone in January 2010—what the magazine calls its list of the planet's seventeen ... More


Requirements for and Decisions in Choosing Exploratory Common Factor Analysis

Leandre R. Fabrigar and Duane T. Wegener

in Exploratory Factor Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199734177
eISBN:
9780190255848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734177.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter looks at the key considerations that researchers should take into account in determining when it is appropriate to conduct an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) using the common factor ... More


Associations among the Subtests: The Full-Form CART

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes a large-scale study of the full-form version of the CART involving 747 subjects. Reliabilities of all the subtests are reported, as well as correlations with measures of ... More


Old Wine in New Bottles

Gary Smith

in The AI Delusion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198824305
eISBN:
9780191917295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824305.003.0010
Subject:
Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning

The fashion industry is subject to recurring cycles of popularity that are regular enough to be dubbed the “20-year rule.” Activewear clothing that is suitable for the gym and the street was ... More


Associations among the Subtests: A Short-Form CART

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Chapter 12 describes a large-scale study of the short-form version of the CART. The short-form is composed of 11 of the 20 subtests and can be completed in less than two hours by most subjects. The ... More


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