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Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Nicolas Langlitz

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In the 1950s, Japanese zoologists took note when a number of macaques invented and passed on new food-washing behaviors within their troop. The discovery opened the door to a startling question: ... More


Salvage Primatology

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter assesses how cultural primatologists fought for the conservation and documentation of quickly dwindling chimpanzee communities. As Homo sapiens outcompeted Pan troglodytes in sub-Saharan ... More


Introduction

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This introductory chapter provides a background of the ensuing controversy over chimpanzee culture. Japanese and Euro-American primatologists have come to question whether humans are the only ... More


The Birth of Cultural Primatology from the Spirit of Japanese Uniqueness

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses the birth of cultural primatology in mid-twentieth-century Japan, looking at the prehistory of the chimpanzee culture wars. The story begins in 1948 with the observation of a ... More


Multiculturalism beyond the Human

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter offers a historical account of the chimpanzee culture wars. Scientifically, the debate pitted field biologists against experimental psychologists, and proponents of human–animal ... More


Japanese Syntheses

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter details how Pan and Homo came to share a life in the Japanese laboratory. Tetsuro Matsuzawa's Ai Project, named after his most famous nonhuman “research partner,” began as the Japanese ... More


Field Experiments with a Totem Animal

Nicolas Langlitz

in Chimpanzee Culture Wars: Rethinking Human Nature alongside Japanese, European, and American Cultural Primatologists

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691204284
eISBN:
9780691204260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691204284.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter follows Tetsuro Matsuzawa and his coworkers to their outdoor laboratory in Bossou, Guinea. Revered as the totem animal of the Manon and deprived of almost all primary rainforest, the ... More


The Use of Tools by Human and Non-human Primates

A. Berthelet and J. Chavaillon (eds)

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198522638
eISBN:
9780191688652
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522638.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This volume brings together contributions on the theme of tools from international specialists in various disciplines — anatomists, neurobiologists, prehistorians, ethnologists, and primatologists — ... More


Diet and nutrition

Jessica M. Rothman, Erin R. Vogel, and Scott A. Blumenthal

in Primate Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199659449
eISBN:
9780191774775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659449.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Primate diets contain a diversity of foods, including fruits, leaves, invertebrates, seeds, gums, lichens, bark, roots, and in some cases other vertebrates. Assessing dietary properties is important ... More


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